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Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and fo...

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural sec...

Demand Characteristics for Improved Rice, Cowpea, and Maize Seeds in Nigeria: Policy Implications and Knowledge Gaps

"This review focuses primarily on the demand for improved seeds of rice, cowpea, and maize. They key research questions addressed in this review are: (1) how has seed demand in SSA been generally characterized, (2) how does such characterization ...

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to...

Knowledge Management and Development Targets in Nigeria

"Ajaikaiye and Olusola (2003) observed that the knowledge system of any progressive society performs a pivotal function in its development. However, they note that “in spite of this recognition, the attention given to Nigeria’s knowledge system ha...

Agricultural Extension in Ethiopia through a Gender and Governance Lens

"Drawing on a household survey collected in eight woredas in seven Ethiopian regions in 2009, as well as on qualitative fieldwork in four of the eight woredas, this paper provides analysis of agricultural extension delivery in Ethiopia. While over...

A Quantitative Analysis of Determinants of Child and Maternal Malnutrition in Nigeria

"Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health chall...

Options for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Since 2003, economic growth in Nigeria has been strong. Annual GDP grew by 9.1 percent per annum between 2003 and 2005 and by 6.1 percent per annum between 2006 and 2008. Much of this growth can be attributed to the non-oil economy which has gro...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of exper...

Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity

"Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor q...

Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review

"This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by - providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity, - establishing how the policy environment affects productiv...

Knowledge Review on Poverty and Rural Development in Nigeria

"The Nigerian situation presents a paradox because the country is rich but the people are poor, with the poverty experienced by Nigerians being pervasive, multifaceted and chronic, affecting the lives of a large proportion of the populace. On th...

Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity

"Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor q...

Gender Dimensions of Agriculture, Poverty, Nutrition and Food Security in Nigeria

"Gender analysis focuses on the different roles and responsibilities of women and men and how these affect society, culture, the economy and politics. For example, important differences exist between women and men in their quality of life; in the ...

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethio...

Assessing Crop Production and Input Use Patterns in Ghana – What can we learn from the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS5)?

"Agriculture in Ghana accounts for about 40 percent of national economy, three quarters of export earnings, and employs 60 percent of the labor force. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy and the sector has served as the main driver for th...

How can African Agriculture Adapt to Climate Change: Insights from Ethiopia and South Africa

"During the coming decades, global change will impact food and water security in significant but highly uncertain ways. There are strong indications that developing countries will bear the brunt of the consequences, particularly from climate cha...

Policy Options for Improving Regional Fertilizer Markets in West Africa

"A primary motivation for this study is to identify a key set of policy options for improving fertilizer markets in West Africa (among Economic Community of West African States member countries) in ways that ultimately will help improve the effici...

Ghana's Transformation

"The first decade of the new millennium brought significant positive change to Ghana. Hunger was cut in half and Ghanaians exercised increasing democratic freedom, making the country one of the most improved and politically stable in Africa. John ...

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