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Targeted Subsidies and Private Market Participation An Assessment of Fertilizer Demand in Nigeria

"Though input vouchers are being publicized as a mechanism to simultaneously target subsidies and develop demand in private markets, limited empirical evidence of their effect on private input demand exists. Few empirical studies, if any, exist on...

Agricultural R & D : Investing in Africa's Future Analyzing Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities

"After three decades of low investment in agricultural research in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), African governments now have a range of new opportunities for such investment. The structural adjustment and market liberalization of the 1990s have g...

Production and Marketed Surplus of Crops in Uganda, 1999-2006

"Recent trends in Ugandan agriculture indicate output is increasing for most crops but at a declining rate. The pervasive decline in output per unit of input (factor productivity) threatens the economic well-being and food security of producers an...

Agriculture and Health Addressing the Vital Links

"Good health and productive agriculture—both essential in the fight against poverty—are interlinked, as good health requires productive agriculture and productive agriculture requires healthy people. Consideration of these linkages throughout the ...

Poverty and Gender Effects of Smallholder Organic Contract Farming in Uganda

"The objectives of this study were, first, to examine the impacts of certified organic contract farming on the food security of the smallholder farm households participating in such arrangements, and second, to assess the role of gender relations ...

Irrigation pumps and milling machines as insurance against rainfall and price risks in Nigeria

"This research examines whether the effect of financial assistance was greater in regions with higher rainfall and market price risks. We characterize rainfall and price risks by computing the coefficient of variations of annual rainfall and gari ...

The Growing Opportunities for African Agricultural Development

"This paper examines how Africa can harness the enormous potential of its “Sleeping Agricultural Giant,” and how possible adverse social and environmental impacts and obstacles can be mitigated. An approach built on smallholder agriculture, with s...

Building on Successes with Regreening in the West African Sahel

"Regreening entails increasing the number of both on-farm trees and, in some countries, off-farm trees through natural forest management and for the protection and management of natural regeneration on degraded land. There is an urgent need to s...

Lessons on Scaling Up: Opportunities and Challenges for the Future

"Agriculture and rural development are essential components of economic growth and the battle against poverty, hunger, and malnutrition worldwide. In the developing world, investment in agriculture was much neglected in recent decades by governmen...

Learning from the Experience of Vertical Funds

"Vertical funds are multistakeholder global programs that provide earmarked funding for specified purposes. This brief presents a series of lessons learned from vertical fund experiences that are applicable to scaling up in agriculture and rural ...

IFAD: Adopting a New Systematic Approach to Scaling Up in Agricultural and Rural Development

"Concerns about insufficient progress toward the Millennium Development Goals have prompted a renewed interest in agriculture as a source of growth and as an effective tool for poverty reduction and environmental stewardship. With a target of taki...

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation: Catalyzing Agricultural Innovation

"The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is a very recent entrant in the agricultural development space. We have been active in this area for just over five years, yet we quickly became a major donor and advocate for smallholder agricultural developme...

Addressing Institutional Challenges to Large-Scale Implementation

"Imagine scaling up an agricultural project whose goal is to improve rural incomes by increasing rice yields. It has three components. The first is the introduction of a new high-yield train of rice developed and delivered by the national Ministry...

Investing in Agriculture to Reduce Poverty and Hunger

"There is clear evidence that where agriculture contributes a significant portion of gross domestic product, rapid agricultural growth is an effective tool for generating overall economic growth and reducing poverty. There is also good evidence ab...

Onset Risk and Draft Animal Investment in Nigeria

"Onset risk, the uncertainty in the onset of rainy season, is an important element of weather risk for African farmers with little access to formal insurance who engage in traditional rainfed farming. Farm productivity in Africa still depends on s...

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture Economywide Perspectives from Country Studies

"This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply sim...

An Overview of Chinese Agricultural and Rural Engagement in Ethiopia

"The recent expansion of Chinese economic engagement in Africa is often poorly documented and not well understood. This paper is the first in an International Food Policy Research Institute-sponsored effort to better understand Chinese engagement ...

Structural transformation in Ethiopia: Evidence from cereal markets

"We study cereal wholesale markets in Ethiopia in the last decade (2001–2011), a period that has been characterized by important local changes affecting agricultural markets, including strong economic growth, urbanization, improved road and commun...

Consumption Patterns of Livestock Products in Ethiopia: Elasticity Estimates Using HICES (2004/05) Data

"Ethiopia is known to have one of the largest livestock populations in the world. Yet the overall contribution of livestock products to households’ daily consumption is very limited. The average per capita annual consumption of meat and dairy prod...

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and fo...

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