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West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Niger

"Three-fourths of Niger is covered by the Sahara desert. The rainy season lasts only three months, with total rainfall of 150–600 mm per year. Maximum temperatures are high (450C in the shade in April–May). Livestock production is a major componen...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Nigeria

"About half of the working population in Nigeria is engaged in agriculture. Cassava is the most important food crop. Other major food crops include yam, sorghum, and maize. The share that agriculture contributes to GDP has declined from about 50 p...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Senegal

"The agricultural sector employs 77 percent of Senegal’s workforce. Rice is the country’s staple crop, but millet is the most widely grown crop, largely because of low rainfall in most of the country. The severe drought in the late 1960's and earl...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Sierra Leone

"Agriculture is the largest sector in the Sierra Leone economy, em-ploying more than 75 percent of labor force and contributing be-tween 35 and 47 percent of GDP. Rice, the staple food crop, is grown mainly by small-scale farmers under rainfed con...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Mozambique

"Mozambique’s diverse climate is influenced by monsoons from the Indian Ocean and the hot current of the Mozambique Canal. The country’s location makes it particularly vulnerability to climatic hazards such as drought, floods, and recurring tropic...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Rwanda

"The Rwandan economy is based on rainfed agriculture, with coffee and tea as major cash crops. The key staple crops are bananas, beans, potatoes, sorghum, and cassava. Between 1991 and 2002, the rate of urbanization grew from 5.5 to 16.7 percent, ...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Sudan

"Sudan’s economy relies mainly on rainfed agriculture. Key cereal crops are sorghum, millet, and wheat. Livestock numbers are estimated at more than 140 million cattle, sheep, goats, and camels. Sudan’s population is about 39 million, with annual ...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Swaziland

"Swaziland's climate is moderate, near-temperate, subtropical, and semiarid. The climate is localized, varying over short distances with changes in altitude. Swaziland is a middle-income developing country, with per capita GDP of $1,560. Most peop...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - South Africa

"The climate of South Africa is unique, with a steep rainfall gradient from West to East, as well as three different rainfall regimes. Some parts of South Africa are prone to drought. The agricultural sector in South Africa experiences multiple st...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Tanzania

"The sustainable development strategies of the Tanzanian government’s National Development Vision 2025 emphasize agriculture and food security as the keys to poverty alleviation. Maize is the country’s most important staple, followed by sorghum, r...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Togo

"The agricultural sector employs approximately 70 percent of Togo’s workforce and accounts for 38 percent of the country’s GDP. The sector is dominated by small-scale, rainfed farming of millet, sorghum, maize, and rice. Life expectancy rose from ...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Uganda

"Uganda occupies a total area of 241,038 square km, most of which is suitable for agriculture. Sixteen percent of the total area is water and swamps, while 7 percent is forested. Maize, beans, cassava, and banana (plantain) are the most widely gro...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Zambia

"Zambia’s climate is characterized by a dry period, which runs from May to October, and a wet period that runs from November to April. Because most of the country’s agriculture is rainfed, rainfall variability poses challenges for food security an...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Zimbabwe

"Zimbabwe has a subtropical climate with a summer season extending from October to April. Rainfall is erratic and unevenly distributed, resulting in crop failures that occur three out of every five years. Semi-arid conditions cover 75 percent of Z...

Evidence on Key Policies for African Agricultural Growth

"It is widely agreed that reducing poverty in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) depends largely on stimulating growth in agriculture. To this end, heads of state in Africa rallied to form the pan-African Comprehensive African Agriculture Developmen...

Agricultural Growth and Poverty in Mozambique: Technical Analysis in Support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)

"Mozambique has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade. National accounts estimates put the GDP growth from 2003–2007 at 8.4 percent per annum, with strong growth across all subsectors in the economy, including agriculture, industr...

Seeing is Believing? Evidence from a Demonstration Plot Experiment in Mozambique

"We preliminarily find that providing sustainable land management (SLM) training to standard contact farmers and having them maintain demonstration plots within the community on a whole had low impact on the knowledge and adoption of SLM practices...

Malaria in Uganda: Improved Outcomes when the Health Sector Joins Forces with Agriculture

"Malaria outcomes are closely related to agricultural settings. How, when and where crops are grown, livestock is raised and irrigation is developed all affect malaria rates in a given local area. Moreover, evaluations of health-only focused inter...

The Impact of Irrigation on Nutrition, Health and Gender: A Review Paper with Insights for Africa south of the Sahara

"Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) is still largely rainfed. SSA also exhibits the lowest crop yields for major staples in the world, largely due to low use of irrigation and fertilizer. Rainfed agriculture poses growing production r...

A Gap Analysis of Confined Field Trial Application Forms for Genetically Modified Crops in East Africa: Evaluating the Potential for Harmonization

"The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmen...

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