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Findings across Agricultural Public Expenditure Reviews in African Countries

"This paper examines whether the consensus reached by the late 2000s among African Union member countries and their external partners on the need to reverse the decades-long decline in spending for essential public goods and services in agriculture …

"As a Husband I Will Love, Lead, and Provide" Gendered Access to Land in Ghana

"Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender rel…

Empowerment and Agricultural Production Evidence from Rural Households in Niger

"Niger is a landlocked Sahelian country, two-thirds of which is in the Sahara desert, with only one-eighth of the land considered arable. Nevertheless, more than 90 percent of Niger’s labor force is employed in agriculture, which is predominantly su…

Diet Transformation in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"Africa's food systems are changing fast amid rapid economic growth, emerging urbanization, and structural transformation. In this study, we use four rounds of nationally representative data from Ethiopia to examine changes in household food consump…

Cities and Agricultural Transformation in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Due to the rapid growth of cities in Africa, many more farmers are now living in rural hinterlands in relatively close proximity to cities where many provide food to urban residents. However, empirical evidence on how urbanization affects these far…

West African Agriculture for Jobs, Nutrition, Growth and Climate Resilience

West Africa as a region is projected to continue robust economic growth in the decades ahead, according to scenarios developed by the global modeling community in the context of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment repor…

The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Africa

Climate change will play an increasingly important role in Africa, as elsewhere, during the course of the 21st century. Rising temperatures and increased frequency of extremely dry and wet years are expected to slow progress toward increased product…

Gender-Sensitive, Climate-Smart Agriculture for Improved Nutrition in Africa South of the Sahara

The effects of climate change are already being felt across the globe, particularly among smallholder producers in developing countries, whose livelihoods are strongly affected by climate conditions. Climate change will continue to threaten food pr…

Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in East Africa (LANEA) Country Report - Uganda

"Uganda, a member of the SUN movement since 2011, is currently putting a strong emphasis on poverty reduction and economic development, and the agriculture sector is a major contributor to the country’s growth. Malnutrition rates - especially stunti…

The Impact of Agricultural Extension Services in the Context of a Heavily Subsidized Input System The Case of Malawi

"Since 2005, the government of Malawi has focused on the Farm Input Subsidy Programme (FISP) as its major strategy for increasing maize production, promoting household food security, and enhancing rural incomes. Amid concerns about the program’s hig…

Changes in Ghanaian Farming System: Stagnation or a Quiet Transformation

"This research was designed to understand better the patterns of agricultural intensification and transformation occurring in Africa South of the Sahara using the Ghanaian case. The paper examines changes in farming systems and the role of various e…

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agricu…

Understanding Farmers’ Technology Adoption Decisions: Input Complementarity and Heterogeneity

"The objective of this paper is to investigate farmers’ multidimensional technology adoption decisions in the presence of heterogeneities across households. We aim to quantify potential complementarities among inputs and alternative forms of unobser…

Agricultural Mechanization and South-South Knowledge Exchange: What can Ghanaian and Nigerian Policymakers Learn from Bangladesh's Experience

Bangladesh recently has experienced fast growth in agri-cultural mechanization.Bangladesh’s experience can provide useful insights for many African countries that are seeking sustainable ways to promote agricultural mechanization. In Ghana and Niger…

Synopsis: Agricultural Mechanization in Ethiopia: Evidence from the 2015 Feed the Future Survey

"In this research note, we provide a preview of results from a study of agricultural mechanization in Ethiopia. Our research shows that 9 percent of farmers in the Feed the Future regions of Ethiopia used mechanization at some point during the agric…

Climate Change, Agriculture, and Foodcrop Production in Ghana

"Despite the recent transition to an industry and service sectors-led economy, agriculture still plays a fundamental role in Ghana. The sector comprises approximately 30 percent of the country’s GDP to date and employs approximately 50 percent of th…

Household and Plot Level Impact of Sustainable Land and Watershed Management (SLWM) Practices in the Blue Nile

"Land degradation and water shortages are major issues in developing countries, contributing to reduced economic output, lower growth potential and increased poverty. The immediate trade-off between short-term welfare and long-term agricultural deve…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The Democratic Republic of the Congo, located in the south central part of Africa, is the continent’s second-largest country. Forests blanket its northern region, while savannah covers the south. The main staple crops are cassava, maize, groundnuts…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Eritrea

"Located in the Horn of Africa, Eritrea has a long coastline on the Red Sea. The country has varied topography, rainfall, and climate, with altitude ranging from 60 to more than 3,000 meters above sea level. Agriculture is still an important sector …

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Ethiopia

"The main crops in Ethiopia are teff, maize, and wheat. The combined effect of declining child mortality and increasing life expectancy has produced an overall population increase, putting additional pressure on the land to meet food requirements. M…

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