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Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara

"This book is an attempt to move the discussion away from polarized positions. It aims to contribute to a rational debate on the actual benefits, costs, and risks of existing and future GE crops and technologies for Africa. To accomplish this goal, …

Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia A Village-level Analysis of High-Potential Areas

"Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing forces, …

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed leas…

Improving the Food Policy Process Lessons from Capacity Strengthening of Parliamentarians in Ghana

"Evidence-based policymaking has been a critical aspect of development strategy for more than 20 years in developing countries. Yet the assumption that policymakers will automatically adopt and use evidence made available to them in the process of p…

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and food…

A Strategy for Agricultural Statistics in Ghana

"Agriculture is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy. It plays an important role in the socioeconomic development of Ghana as it contributes to ensuring food security, provides raw materials for local industries, generates foreign exchange, and pr…

Environmental Considerations in Nigerian Agricultural Policies, Strategies, and Programs

"Agriculture is the major sector upon which the majority of Nigeria’s rural poor depend on for their livelihood. Over 70 percent of the active labor force is employed in agriculture. The federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has identified agriculture…

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural secto…

Demand Characteristics for Improved Rice, Cowpea, and Maize Seeds in Nigeria: Policy Implications and Knowledge Gaps

"This review focuses primarily on the demand for improved seeds of rice, cowpea, and maize. They key research questions addressed in this review are: (1) how has seed demand in SSA been generally characterized, (2) how does such characterization ap…

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to t…

Knowledge Management and Development Targets in Nigeria

"Ajaikaiye and Olusola (2003) observed that the knowledge system of any progressive society performs a pivotal function in its development. However, they note that “in spite of this recognition, the attention given to Nigeria’s knowledge system has …

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ag…

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of experie…

Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity

"Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor qua…

Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review

"This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by - providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity, - establishing how the policy environment affects productivit…

Making Agriculture Pro-Nutrition: Opportunities in Tanzania

"Extreme poverty and chronic malnutrition are widespread in rural Tanzania, where smallholder agriculture dominates the economy. Given the sector’s role as the main source of food and livelihood for many malnourished people, agriculture has substant…

Structural transformation in Ethiopia: Evidence from cereal markets

"We study cereal wholesale markets in Ethiopia in the last decade (2001–2011), a period that has been characterized by important local changes affecting agricultural markets, including strong economic growth, urbanization, improved road and communic…

Consumption Patterns of Livestock Products in Ethiopia: Elasticity Estimates Using HICES (2004/05) Data

"Ethiopia is known to have one of the largest livestock populations in the world. Yet the overall contribution of livestock products to households’ daily consumption is very limited. The average per capita annual consumption of meat and dairy produc…

Production and Marketed Surplus of Crops in Uganda, 1999-2006

"Recent trends in Ugandan agriculture indicate output is increasing for most crops but at a declining rate. The pervasive decline in output per unit of input (factor productivity) threatens the economic well-being and food security of producers and …

Building on Successes with Regreening in the West African Sahel

"Regreening entails increasing the number of both on-farm trees and, in some countries, off-farm trees through natural forest management and for the protection and management of natural regeneration on degraded land. There is an urgent need to sca…

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