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Production and Marketed Surplus of Crops in Uganda, 1999-2006

"Recent trends in Ugandan agriculture indicate output is increasing for most crops but at a declining rate. The pervasive decline in output per unit of input (factor productivity) threatens the economic well-being and food security of producers an...

Building on Successes with Regreening in the West African Sahel

"Regreening entails increasing the number of both on-farm trees and, in some countries, off-farm trees through natural forest management and for the protection and management of natural regeneration on degraded land. There is an urgent need to s...

The Impact of Agricultural Extension Services in the Context of a Heavily Subsidized Input System The Case of Malawi

"Since 2005, the government of Malawi has focused on the Farm Input Subsidy Programme (FISP) as its major strategy for increasing maize production, promoting household food security, and enhancing rural incomes. Amid concerns about the program’s h...

Changes in Ghanaian Farming System: Stagnation or a Quiet Transformation

"This research was designed to understand better the patterns of agricultural intensification and transformation occurring in Africa South of the Sahara using the Ghanaian case. The paper examines changes in farming systems and the role of various...

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agri...

Understanding Farmers’ Technology Adoption Decisions: Input Complementarity and Heterogeneity

"The objective of this paper is to investigate farmers’ multidimensional technology adoption decisions in the presence of heterogeneities across households. We aim to quantify potential complementarities among inputs and alternative forms of unobs...

Structural transformation in Ethiopia: Evidence from cereal markets

"We study cereal wholesale markets in Ethiopia in the last decade (2001–2011), a period that has been characterized by important local changes affecting agricultural markets, including strong economic growth, urbanization, improved road and commun...

Consumption Patterns of Livestock Products in Ethiopia: Elasticity Estimates Using HICES (2004/05) Data

"Ethiopia is known to have one of the largest livestock populations in the world. Yet the overall contribution of livestock products to households’ daily consumption is very limited. The average per capita annual consumption of meat and dairy prod...

Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends

"Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and fo...

A Strategy for Agricultural Statistics in Ghana

"Agriculture is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy. It plays an important role in the socioeconomic development of Ghana as it contributes to ensuring food security, provides raw materials for local industries, generates foreign exchange, and ...

Environmental Considerations in Nigerian Agricultural Policies, Strategies, and Programs

"Agriculture is the major sector upon which the majority of Nigeria’s rural poor depend on for their livelihood. Over 70 percent of the active labor force is employed in agriculture. The federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has identified agricultu...

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural sec...

Demand Characteristics for Improved Rice, Cowpea, and Maize Seeds in Nigeria: Policy Implications and Knowledge Gaps

"This review focuses primarily on the demand for improved seeds of rice, cowpea, and maize. They key research questions addressed in this review are: (1) how has seed demand in SSA been generally characterized, (2) how does such characterization ...

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to...

Knowledge Management and Development Targets in Nigeria

"Ajaikaiye and Olusola (2003) observed that the knowledge system of any progressive society performs a pivotal function in its development. However, they note that “in spite of this recognition, the attention given to Nigeria’s knowledge system ha...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of exper...

Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges, Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity

"Nigeria is still characterized by high reliance on food imports. Malnutrition is widespread in the entire country and rural areas are especially vulnerable to chronic food shortages, malnutrition, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor q...

Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review

"This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by - providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity, - establishing how the policy environment affects productiv...

Identifying Opportunities in Ghana’s Agriculture: Results from a Policy Analysis Matrix

"Recent increases in cereals prices raise questions about agricultural priorities in Ghana. This report presents an application of the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) to the problem of identifying opportunities to enhance agriculture’s contribution t...

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