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Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara

"This book is an attempt to move the discussion away from polarized positions. It aims to contribute to a rational debate on the actual benefits, costs, and risks of existing and future GE crops and technologies for Africa. To accomplish this goal...

The Child Health Implications of Privatizing Africa's Urban Water Supply

"Identifying policies which can improve water sector management is critically important given the global burden of water-related disease. Each year, 1 in 10 child deaths—roughly 800,000 in total—is the direct result of diarrhea. Can private-secto...

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

"The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that ...

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land te...

Nutrition Policies in Developing Countries: Challenges and Highlights

Malnutrition remains one of the major obstacles to human well-being and economic prosperity in developing countries.There are strong normative and instrumental reasons related to human and economic development to address the burden of malnutrition...

The Impact of Food Price Shocks in Uganda: First-order versus Long-run Effects

"In developing countries, all too often policies formulated in response to high food prices are inspired by ideology instead of evidence-based policy research. We look at the immediate effects of these shocks faced by households in Uganda on their...

Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia A Village-level Analysis of High-Potential Areas

"Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing forces...

Understanding the Policy Landscape for Climate Change Adaptation A Cross-Country Comparison Using the Net-Map Method

It is now widely accepted that climate change is one of the largest challenges facing agriculture in the 21st century. Among those who are most affected are poor agricultural households in the developing world, even though they have contributed le...

Improving the Food Policy Process Lessons from Capacity Strengthening of Parliamentarians in Ghana

"Evidence-based policymaking has been a critical aspect of development strategy for more than 20 years in developing countries. Yet the assumption that policymakers will automatically adopt and use evidence made available to them in the process of...

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that w...

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because thi...

Climate Change, Agriculture, and Foodcrop Production in Ghana

"Despite the recent transition to an industry and service sectors-led economy, agriculture still plays a fundamental role in Ghana. The sector comprises approximately 30 percent of the country’s GDP to date and employs approximately 50 percent of ...

Toward an Integrated Approach for Addressing Malnutrition in Zambia: A Literature Review and Institutional Analysis

"Due to the predominance of direct, specific interventions in nutrition for development, the health sector tends to own nutrition, with interventions customarily implemented through health programs. The idea that the agriculture sector should also...

Household and Plot Level Impact of Sustainable Land and Watershed Management (SLWM) Practices in the Blue Nile

"Land degradation and water shortages are major issues in developing countries, contributing to reduced economic output, lower growth potential and increased poverty. The immediate trade-off between short-term welfare and long-term agricultural de...

Spatial Analysis of Livestock Production Patterns in Ethiopia

"The livestock sector is a large contributor to the Ethiopian economy as well as a mainstay in the livelihoods of many Ethiopians. It comprised 11 percent of national GDP and 24 percent of agricultural GDP between the years of 1995/96 and 2005/06 ...

An overview of Chinese Agricultural and Rural Engagement in Tanzania

"The recent expansion of Chinese economic engagement in Africa is often poorly documented and not well understood. This paper is the second in an IFPRI-sponsored effort to better understand Chinese engagement in Africa’s agricultural sector. A cle...

Nonlinear Dynamics of Livestock Assets: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Recent research on the intertemporal dynamics of poverty using microeconomic data often hints at the existence of poverty traps, where some find themselves trapped at a low-level stable equilibrium while others enjoy a higher stable equilibrium. ...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Côte D'Ivoire

"Côte d'Ivoire enjoys a humid climate, with at least seven rainy months and 1,000 mm in annual rainfall. Most of the interior receives 1,000–1,500 mm annually. Moving inland toward the east, a short dry season falls in the middle of the wet season...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Botswana

"Botswana has a semi-arid climate, characterized by warm winters, hot summers, low rainfall, and high evapotranspiration. The country is prone to frequent droughts, lately occurring every two years rather than once every four years, as in the prev...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Burkina Faso

"Agriculture is mainly rainfed in Burkina Faso and dominated by small-scale farmers. The rainy season is May–October, but its duration decreases progressively from the southwest, resulting in only three months of rainfall in the north. Agriculture...

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