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Spatial Analysis of Livestock Production Patterns in Ethiopia

"The livestock sector is a large contributor to the Ethiopian economy as well as a mainstay in the livelihoods of many Ethiopians. It comprised 11 percent of national GDP and 24 percent of agricultural GDP between the years of 1995/96 and 2005/06 (N…

An overview of Chinese Agricultural and Rural Engagement in Tanzania

"The recent expansion of Chinese economic engagement in Africa is often poorly documented and not well understood. This paper is the second in an IFPRI-sponsored effort to better understand Chinese engagement in Africa’s agricultural sector. A clear…

Nonlinear Dynamics of Livestock Assets: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Recent research on the intertemporal dynamics of poverty using microeconomic data often hints at the existence of poverty traps, where some find themselves trapped at a low-level stable equilibrium while others enjoy a higher stable equilibrium. Wi…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Côte D'Ivoire

"Côte d'Ivoire enjoys a humid climate, with at least seven rainy months and 1,000 mm in annual rainfall. Most of the interior receives 1,000–1,500 mm annually. Moving inland toward the east, a short dry season falls in the middle of the wet season, …

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Botswana

"Botswana has a semi-arid climate, characterized by warm winters, hot summers, low rainfall, and high evapotranspiration. The country is prone to frequent droughts, lately occurring every two years rather than once every four years, as in the previo…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Burkina Faso

"Agriculture is mainly rainfed in Burkina Faso and dominated by small-scale farmers. The rainy season is May–October, but its duration decreases progressively from the southwest, resulting in only three months of rainfall in the north. Agriculture a…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Burundi

"Burundi is a small, landlocked country of which only 36 percent is arable. The country has two rainy seasons, which run from February to May and from September to November, as well as a short rain period for two weeks in January. The malnutrition r…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The Democratic Republic of the Congo, located in the south central part of Africa, is the continent’s second-largest country. Forests blanket its northern region, while savannah covers the south. The main staple crops are cassava, maize, groundnuts…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Eritrea

"Located in the Horn of Africa, Eritrea has a long coastline on the Red Sea. The country has varied topography, rainfall, and climate, with altitude ranging from 60 to more than 3,000 meters above sea level. Agriculture is still an important sector …

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Ethiopia

"The main crops in Ethiopia are teff, maize, and wheat. The combined effect of declining child mortality and increasing life expectancy has produced an overall population increase, putting additional pressure on the land to meet food requirements. M…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Ghana

"The agricultural sector in Ghana is mostly rainfed and includes crops, livestock, and fisheries. More than half the country’s workers are employed in agriculture. Cocoa remains the single most important cash crop in Ghana, while the two most import…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Guinea

"Guinea has a tropical climate with two alternating seasons, a November–March dry season and an April–October rainy season. In general, rainfall increases from north to south. Average annual rainfall is 1,988 mm. Rice is the staple crop, and other i…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Kenya

"Kenya is an ecologically diverse nation located on the Indian Ocean in eastern Africa. Most of the land is classified as arid or semi-arid, yet at higher elevations lush montane forests are found. Kenya is home to the second-highest peak in Africa,…

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Lesotho

"Lesotho lies on the plateau of the southern African subcontinent. Variations in topography and micro-climate shape the country’s ecological zones—the lowlands, the foothills, the highlands, and the Senqu River Valley. Annual precipitation is highly…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Liberia

"Agricultural production in Liberia is based primarily on rainfed farming, with an April–November rainy season. Rice and cassava are the first and second staple food crops, while rubber is the major cash crop. Life expectancy increased slightly betw…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Madagascar

"Madagascar is an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean off the coast of Mozambique. The topography of the country is varied and uneven, with some regions dominated by plains and plateaus extending into vast delta areas. Only about 5 percent of th…

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Malawi

"Malawi’s tropical continental climate is moderated by the effects of Lake Malawi and by the country’s high altitudes and proximity to the influence of westerly frontal systems that move eastward around the South African coast. The mean annual rainf…

Improved Performance of Agriculture in Africa South of the Sahara: Taking off or Bouncing Back

"The improved performance of the agricultural sector in Africa south of the Sahara during the most recent decade (2000–2010) has raised questions about the drivers behind the growth. Skeptics argue that rising commodity prices, as world markets expe…

Improving the Measurement of Food Security

"Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we fir…

The Supply of Inorganic Fertilizers to Smallholder Farmers in Mozambique: Evidence for Fertilizer Policy Development

"Inorganic fertilizer is one of a handful of agricultural technologies that have immense potential for raising the productivity of poor smallholders, enabling them to increase income, accumulate assets, and set themselves economically on a pathway o…

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