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Kenya’s Coast: Devolution Disappointed

The enormous public expectations which was raised by the devolved government on Kenya’s coast have turned into disappointment. Patronage politics that marked the former centralized system has been replicated in the new counties, making government ...

South Sudan's South : Conflict in the Equatoria's

Following Riek Machar’s return to Juba in April and the formation of a transitional government, marked the most significant milestone of the August 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) that ended ...

Burundi : Anatomie du Troisième Mandat / Burundi: A Dangerous Third Term

A year after the start of the crisis triggered by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term, the situation remains critical. The radicalisation of the regime, which had been steadily increasing since the second post-conflict e...

Zimbabwe: Stranded in Stasis

For over fifteen years, Zimbabwe has been trapped in a political and economic crisis of varying intensity. Political dynamics, compounded by massive debt, policy incoherence and low domestic and international confidence, frustrate economic recover...

Kenya’s Somali North East: Devolution and Security

There is a worrying loss of faith in the capacity of the state, at the core of the security crisis in the North East – and with Kenya in general, whether in centralized or devolved form, to deliver collective security and find a just solution to l...

Burkina Faso: Transition, Act II

After the success of the elections of November 29th 2015, it is time to congratulate the transitional government which achieved the difficult mission of organizing the polls peacefully, as well as the Burkinabe political community for their sense ...

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

With regard to contain and resolve the civil war, IGAD and its member states have contributed much time and political capital to this. Thus far, they have failed due to internal divisions and power struggles; centralization of decision-making and ...

Réforme et Stratégie Sécuritaire en Tunisie / Safety and Reform Policy in Tunisia

To ensure the implementation of a true public security policy, it is needed to address the internal problems of the interior security forces. This is essential so that political power is able to respond democratically, balanced and proportionate t...

Zimbabwe’s Very Peculiar Coup

Zimbabwe’s military has detained the country’s 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace Mugabe, and taken control of the streets of the capital and the main television station. The next step – apparently, a legitimate-looking transf...

Elections in Burundi : Moment of Truth

The elections in Burundi will be decisive for this country and is scheduled to take place between the end of May and August 2015. The future of the present rulers (President Pierre Nkurunziza considers running for a third term) and, more important...

Congo : Is Democratic Change Possible ?

This report analyses the tense context in which the upcoming elections are to take place. Several risks are identified, linked to the sudden developments in the decentralisation process, the slow and non-consensual preparation of an overly ambit...

The Chaos in Darfur

Violence continues unabated in the Darfur region of Sudan’s far west. Some 450,000 persons were displaced in 2014 and another 100,000 in January 2015 alone. Since fighting erupted in 2003 some two million persons were displaced internally. The g...

Sudan: The Prospects for “National Dialogue”

President Omar al-Bashir promised prospects for an inclusive national dialogue in January 2014 . This promise is fading, making a soft-landing end to Sudan’s crises more doubtful. Sceptics who warned that the ruling party was unwilling and unable...

Nigeria’s Elections: Reversing the Degeneration?

"The April 2011 general elections – if credible and peaceful – would reverse the degeneration of the franchise since Nigeria returned to civilian rule in 1999, yield more representative and legitimate institutions and restore faith in a democrati...

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support

"Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has squandered the goodwill and support it received and achieved little of significance in the two years it has been in office. It is inept, increasingly corrupt and hobbled by President Sharif’s w...

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?

"It is early days, and the true measure of what the Egyptian people have accomplished has yet to fully sink in. Some achievements are as clear as they are stunning. Over a period of less than three weeks, they challenged conventional chestnuts ab...

Negotiating Sudan’s North-South Future

"Sudan’s fragile Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) is entering its final phase, and a critical vote on Southern self-determination looms, but foundations for a constructive post-referendum relationship are yet to be laid. In addition to a hand...

Dangerous Little Stones: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

"In the diamond mines of the Central African Republic (CAR), extreme poverty and armed conflict put thousands of lives in danger. President François Bozizé keeps tight control of the diamond sector to enrich and empower his own ethnic group but do...

Northern Nigeria: Background to Conflict

"Violence in northern Nigeria has flared up periodically over the last 30 years. Mainly in the form of urban riots, it has pitted Muslims against Christians and has seen confrontations between different Islamic sects. Although there have been some...

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (V): Making Sense of Libya

"The character of the Libyan crisis today arises from the complex but so far evidently indecisive impact of the UN-authorised military intervention, now formally led by NATO, in what had already become a civil war. NATO’s intervention saved the a...

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