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Africa's Conflict Burden in a Global Context

"This paper gives a snapshot of Africa’s conflict burden within a global context based on various prominent data providers. The analysis finds that armed conflict in Africa follows the general global pattern of declining levels if measured in re...

Africa's Current and Future Stability

This paper first presented the current trends of violence and instability in Africa and then modelled alternative future trends – these are uncertain and do not purport to be accurate predictions. In this paper it is speculated that the levels of ...

Continuing Instability in the Kivus: Testing the DRC Transition to the Limit

"This paper aims to take a close look at the political and military situation in the provinces of North and South Kivu following the unrest in Bukavu in late May and early June this year. In this context it will discuss the links between the milit...

Links Between Climate Change, Conflict and Governance in Africa

"This paper reviews the linkages between climate change, governance and security threats in Africa, and analyses the response of the international community in formulating climate change policies to ensure future security and prevent conflict. It ...

Comparing Somalia's Al Shabaab and Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army A Toxic Mix of Religion, Politics and Violence

"This paper argues that both al Shabaab and the Lord's Resistance Army emerged out of comparable contexts and were motivated by real grievances. These two groups have coalesced around collective frames of injustices. The paper holds that while the...

Kenya and the Pest of Piracy a Prospective Partner for Peace

"Maritime piracy is a problem that the world has long been faced with – and one that has again reared its ugly head more prominently with the major upswing in pirate activities off the coast of Somalia since the mid- to late 2000s. This report, wh...

Africa's Young Soldiers The Co-option of Childhood

"Section 1 reviews the phenomenon of child soldiers by situating it within a historical and universal context, as well as by examining the changing nature of armed conflicts since the end of the Cold War and the extent to which, this has facilitat...

Penetrating State and Business Organised Crime in Southern Africa Volume 1

"Chapter 1 of this volume is the only one that is not country specific. It offers a perspective of the historical development of organised crime in the region. It suggests that the turmoil and dislocation that occurred during some of the postinde...

Violent Justice Vigilantism and the State's Response

"This monograph has argued that the main reason why people support vigilantism today relates to weaknesses in the criminal justice system and particularly the long period of time taken to deal with criminal cases. The review of policies and strate...

Fear in the City Urban: Terrorism in South Africa

"This study begins with the question: ‘What is terrorism?’ This is an important question to ask when looking at urban terrorism in a South African context where it can be difficult to distinguish between terrorist as opposed to criminally motivate...

Criminal Justice in Review 2001/2002

"Chapter one analyses the latest available official crime statistics at the time of writing. During the 2001/02 financial year 2.5 million crimes were recorded in South Africa, some 25% more than in 1994/95. While recorded crime increased rapidly...

Zimbabwe's Turmoil. Problems and prospects

"Chapter 1 by Brian Kagoro analyses the emergence of effective opposition politics within Zimbabwe against a background of deepening crisis. He identifies the continuity of the themes of violence and fraud that have been endemic to the country’s p...

From Urban Street Gangs to Criminal Empires: The Changing Face of Gangs in the Western Cape

"This monograph examines the changing patterns of gangs across the Western Cape during the past few years. It sketches patterns of development in the organisation of crime with particular reference to the major street gangs in the Western Cape. I...

The Challenges of Community Policing in South Africa

"This paper attempts to outline these challenges by providing a brief analysis of the origins of community policing in South Africa and how this influenced the conceptualisation of the later community policing policy. This is followed by a descrip...

Mercenaries and Mischief : The Regulation of Foreign Military Assistance Bill

"On 30 April 1997, the South African Cabinet approved the Regulation of Foreign Military Assistance Bill [B54-97]1 pending submission and approval by Parliament during the 1997 session.The legislation aims to prevent South African companies and ...

Drugs, Violence and Governability in the Future of South Africa

"Essentially there are two broad domains of the illicit drug phenomenon: supply and demand. Supply refers to the manufacture, cultivation,production,processing,smuggling, distribution and sales of illicit drugs. Demand refers to an individual's de...

Recent Initiatives in Addressing Gender Violence in South Africa

"This paper will concentrate on the existing support systems for victims of gender violence and those envisaged by the Ministry of Safety and Security. The paper will examine training programmes for SAPS members that seek to change bias among pol...

Tension in Ituri: An Update on the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"Although the withdrawal of foreign forces from the DRC and more specifically the Ituri province are unquestionably pre-requisites for the observance of the cease-fire, the power vacuum that may ensue must be avoided. The establishment of an accep...

Violence, Reconciliation and Identity The Reintegration of the Lord's Resistance Army Child Abductees in Northern Uganda

"Reintegration occurs in the context of family relationships that are conducted under a state of uncertainty and emergency. Few social services and infrastructure, no matter how rudimentary these may be, could be considered as functional. School...

Gender and Peacekeeping. Case studies: The DRC and Sierra Leone

"While sexual exploitation and violence has become a common feature in peacekeeping contexts among state and non-state actors, this monograph focuses on peacekeepers and the alleged abuse of power that they exert over the local population. Many o...

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