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Institutionalising Pan-Africanism Transforming African Union Values and Principles into Policy and Practice

"The argument put forth in this paper is that the critical challenge facing the AU is whether it can transform the extensive range of principles, norms and values that it has adopted into practical policies which can be implemented. The proposit...

Post-Referendum Security Scenarios for South Sudan

"The 9th of January 2011 will be a momentous day for all southern Sudanese people. After 22 years of civil conflict between north and south Sudan the country will hold a referendum on the right of south Sudan to secede and form an independent stat...

Zimbabwe: Are Targeted Sanctions Smart Enough? On the Efficacy of International Restrictive Measures

"This Situation Report attempts to elucidate the contested matter of sanctions in Zimbabwe by outlining all the “sanctions and measures” mentioned in the GPA currently in place. Who do they target, how rigorously are they implemented, and are all ...

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an ...

Unpacking the Zimbabwe Crisis

"This situation report focuses on the progress of the IG in fulfilling the terms of the power-sharing agreement signed September 2008, as this is the benchmark by which progress should ultimately be measured. It begins by outlining the political...

Resolving the Chadian Political Epilepsy: An Assessment of Intervention Efforts

"This situation report analyses and presents an update on the domestic and international responses to the Chadian crisis. It concludes that though the current policy approach is certainly not a panacea to the Chadian crisis, it is a good starting ...

Africa 2008 – 2009: Retrospective look at the past year and forecast for the new year

"The present Situation Report is an attempt to make sense of the various and contrasting developments that marked the year 2008 in Africa from a human security perspective.It also provides some clues to understand the events that are likely to sha...

To Spy or Not to Spy? Intelligence and Democracy in South Africa

"As the title of the series of papers suggests, there are two primary issues for discussion. On the one hand, the question 'To spy or not to spy?’ has been posed. This question asks us to consider the nature of the role and function of the South ...

Report of the Pan African Parliament Seminar on the Harmonisation of Regional Economic Communities and Regional Parliamentary Assemblies

"Regional integration in Africa has its roots in the Pan-Africanist Movement that propelled decolonisation from the late 1950s onwards. Yet despite the vision, Africa has still not achieved desired levels of continental unity. Organisationally, t...

Burundi Elections Without Competition and no Peace Without Participation: Where Might it Go from Here?

"This policy brief aims to discuss the current situation in Burundi. Topics under consideration in this brief include: reactions to the communal elections; how did we get here; possible future scenarios, including a return to rebellion,maintenanc...

Sudan Scenarios to Strategies Workshop

"The workshop aimed to provide a relaxed and informal setting in which various influential Sudanese opinion formers from various parts of the social and political spectrum could reflect on what might happen in their country before and after the r...

Symposium on ‘The ICC that Africa wants' 9-10 November 2009, Spier Hotel Stellenbosch, Key outcomes and recommendations

"The report reflects on key issues that were raised and provides recommendations developed by the authors that draw on the rich and diverse presentations and discussions at the symposium. This report and its recommendations therefore reflect the ...

An Evaluation of the Post Savimbi Peace Process in Angola since February 2002 : The Victor's Peace Treaty

"The war in Angola had culminated in the suspension of political life, the exclusive focus of the economy towards the war effort, and the subordination of the human rights and security of ordinary people. After Savimbi’s untimely death in February...

Exploring alternative approaches for managing electoral injustice in Africa: The case of breast protests in Nigeria and the sex strike in Kenya

"This study deals with three main issues. The first is the role of traditional and urban women’s movements in managing the protracted electoral crises in Nigeria and Kenya. The second is the impact of customary and orthodox repercussions of the ...

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an o...

Providing Security and Justice for the People Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe

"This paper considers the need for security sector reform (SSR) in Zimbabwe and highlights potential short-term and long-term priorities in this regard. Following renewed interest in, and possibilities for, SSR in Zimbabwe, it has become apparent...

São Tomé and Príncipe Update

"The recent political crisis and the resulting dismissal of Prime Minister Maria das Neves have again demonstrated that political instability caused by conflicts between the president and the government, factional struggles, and shifting party al...

Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change: Briefing notes

"Even if the MDC wins power, it will be faced with the enormous challenges of reconstructing the crumbling state apparatus and fostering increased development and democratisation in a country that has suffered from a deficit of both. The MDC is aw...

Fiddling While Zimbabwe Burns

"While the politicians fiddle around as the flames that engulf Zimbabwe grow in intensity, the glaring reality of Zimbabwe's economic collapse is there for all to see. The economic gains and expanding social services of the 1980s have been thrown...

Zimbabwe's Turmoil: Problems and Prospects

"Brian Kagoro analyses the emergence of effective opposition politics within Zimbabwe against a background of deepening crisis.John Makumbe looks at the prospects for a transition within ZANU-PF itself. He identifies tensions within the party be...

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