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Balancing Competing Obligations The Rome Statute and AU Decisions

"This paper will not attempt to untangle the broader political standoff between the AU and the ICC. Rather it will interrogate the legal aspects thereof. First, the paper seeks to delineate the various obligations on African states in respect of B...

Guinea: The Main Challenges of the New President

"The aim of this policy brief is to draw attention to some of the main challenges that the newly elected president of Guinea will face, and to formulate policy recommendations in view of addressing these challenges. For the first time since it...

Comparing Somalia's Al Shabaab and Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army A Toxic Mix of Religion, Politics and Violence

"This paper argues that both al Shabaab and the Lord's Resistance Army emerged out of comparable contexts and were motivated by real grievances. These two groups have coalesced around collective frames of injustices. The paper holds that while the...

Africa’s International Borders as Potential Sources of Conflict and Future Threats to Peace and Security

"This paper examines the potential of Africa’s international boundaries as sources of conflict and future threats to peace and security on the continent. It argues that although border-related inter-state conflicts have been displaced by governan...

Kenya’s New Constitution and Conflict Transformation

"The infamous 2007/8 post-election violent conflict that engulfed Kenya and attracted global attention was by no means unprecedented. Indeed, the country’s history includes episodes of violent conflict, some of the causes of which are still unreso...

Draft South African Defence Review 2012 The Dichotomy Between Ambition and Reality

"This policy brief provides an analysis of the draft South African Defence Review 2012 released for public comment on 12 April 2012. It finds that this document does not meet the requirements of a comprehensive defence policy and in particula...

Mozambique Post-War Socio-Economic and Political Challenges

"This paper critically analyses the socio-economic and political challenges facing Mozambique against the backdrop of unprecedented popular uprisings in North Africa, themselves inspired by socio-economic stresses. Many observers are wondering wh...

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"On November 28, 2011 the Democratic Republic of Congo is holding its second election since the end of a decade-long civil war in 2003. At stake is the credibility of the country’s fledgling democracy. The electoral process is a significant test ...

Exploring alternative approaches for managing electoral injustice in Africa: The case of breast protests in Nigeria and the sex strike in Kenya

"This study deals with three main issues. The first is the role of traditional and urban women’s movements in managing the protracted electoral crises in Nigeria and Kenya. The second is the impact of customary and orthodox repercussions of the ...

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an o...

Providing Security and Justice for the People Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe

"This paper considers the need for security sector reform (SSR) in Zimbabwe and highlights potential short-term and long-term priorities in this regard. Following renewed interest in, and possibilities for, SSR in Zimbabwe, it has become apparent...

Burundi Elections Without Competition and no Peace Without Participation: Where Might it Go from Here?

"This policy brief aims to discuss the current situation in Burundi. Topics under consideration in this brief include: reactions to the communal elections; how did we get here; possible future scenarios, including a return to rebellion,maintenanc...

Sudan Scenarios to Strategies Workshop

"The workshop aimed to provide a relaxed and informal setting in which various influential Sudanese opinion formers from various parts of the social and political spectrum could reflect on what might happen in their country before and after the r...

Symposium on ‘The ICC that Africa wants' 9-10 November 2009, Spier Hotel Stellenbosch, Key outcomes and recommendations

"The report reflects on key issues that were raised and provides recommendations developed by the authors that draw on the rich and diverse presentations and discussions at the symposium. This report and its recommendations therefore reflect the ...

To Spy or Not to Spy? Intelligence and Democracy in South Africa

"As the title of the series of papers suggests, there are two primary issues for discussion. On the one hand, the question 'To spy or not to spy?’ has been posed. This question asks us to consider the nature of the role and function of the South ...

Post-Referendum Security Scenarios for South Sudan

"The 9th of January 2011 will be a momentous day for all southern Sudanese people. After 22 years of civil conflict between north and south Sudan the country will hold a referendum on the right of south Sudan to secede and form an independent stat...

Zimbabwe: Are Targeted Sanctions Smart Enough? On the Efficacy of International Restrictive Measures

"This Situation Report attempts to elucidate the contested matter of sanctions in Zimbabwe by outlining all the “sanctions and measures” mentioned in the GPA currently in place. Who do they target, how rigorously are they implemented, and are all ...

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an ...

Unpacking the Zimbabwe Crisis

"This situation report focuses on the progress of the IG in fulfilling the terms of the power-sharing agreement signed September 2008, as this is the benchmark by which progress should ultimately be measured. It begins by outlining the political...

Resolving the Chadian Political Epilepsy: An Assessment of Intervention Efforts

"This situation report analyses and presents an update on the domestic and international responses to the Chadian crisis. It concludes that though the current policy approach is certainly not a panacea to the Chadian crisis, it is a good starting ...

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