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Western Sahara Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?

"Since the Spanish colonial administration withdrew from Western Sahara in February 1976 and Morocco moved in to occupy the territory, the conflict that ensued between Rabat and the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, has proven very divisive in t...

Negotiating the North/South Conflict Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"The paper discusses the history of Sudan’s civil war and the negotiations that led to the development of Sudan’s CPA.The structure of the paper is based on the conflict resolution model outlined in Fisher and Ury 1991.This paper will first discus...

Institutionalising Pan-Africanism Transforming African Union Values and Principles into Policy and Practice

"The argument put forth in this paper is that the critical challenge facing the AU is whether it can transform the extensive range of principles, norms and values that it has adopted into practical policies which can be implemented. The proposit...

The Trial of Charles Taylor Conflict Prevention, International Law and an Impunity-Free Africa

"This paper discusses the trial of the former head of state of Liberia, Charles Taylor, from Freetown to The Hague, by the Special Court for Sierra Leone. It highlights the principal legal issues surrounding Taylor’s indictment in connection wit...

Claiming Space Reconfiguring Women’s Roles in Post-Conflict Situations

"The paper explores the possibilities of using the institutional frameworks of the United Nations (UN)and the African Union (AU) to include women in peace negotiations, peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction efforts. It contends that wome...

From Soldiers To Citizens The Social, Economic and Political Reintegration of Unita Ex Combatants

"Demilitarisation of conflict and society is crucial to building sustainable peace in countries emerging from the scourge of civil war. As longstanding conflicts come to an end, a variety of approaches are adopted by national governments and inter...

Eastern Sudan: Challenges Facing the Implementation of the Peace Agreement in Gedaref State

"This paper looks at some of the challenges facing the East Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) concluded in Eritrea in October 2006;between the government of Sudan and the Eastern Front (EF). The agreement brought to an end ten years of hostilities in e...

Northern Uganda : Emerging Threats to Peace Talks

"This report evaluates below three emerging factors and their threats to peace talks for Northern Uganda: 1)Ugandan President Museveni's growing impatience and considering regional military action against rebels in January 2008 if negotiations rem...

The Juba Peace Talks - The Checkered Road to Peace for Northern Uganda

" This paper proceeds to give an update of the Juba peace process and its status even with the current stalemate, highligting challenges to the process and will end with a critical examination of options for the process."

Lesotho: On the Path to Democracy and Stability?

"The threat of future political instability in Lesotho can only be removed if a concerted effort is made by both internal and external political actors to understand the need for a change in this country’s political culture. Given the political cl...

Looking East: The Politics of Peacemaking in the Beja Region of Sudan

"As Sudan continues to make headlines because of continuing violence it is clear that the piecemeal approach to conflict in Sudan is not sustainable. Each of the regional agreements signed since 2005 cannot be implemented on an equal basis. Indeed...

Darfur and the Battle for Khartoum

"This paper, by contrast seeks to locate the debate about peace in Darfur within the context of the battle for power in Khartoum. It is argued that the Darfurian insurgency represents a challenge to the hegemony of Khartoum because of its intimate...

The Democratic Republic of the Congo: Elections and Beyond

"Firstly there is the need to enhance stability across the whole country. The current violence in North Kivu and the violent incidents in Kinshasa during the electoral period confirmed that the government is unable to provide security and protect ...

The AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur: Challenges, Lessons and Implications for Regional Peacekeeping Training

"This [think] piece seeks to highlight key lessons that the joint AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), presents and their implications for regional peacekeeping training. The piece is informed by the argument that the environment of the Afr...

Gambella The Impact of Local Conflict On Regional Security

"The purpose of this study is to analyse the context, identify the origins, and explain the key determinants of the conflict in Gambella, its linkages with the political and security issues in Sudan and Ethiopia, and its impact on regional peace ...

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass...

Disarmament and Reconciliation Rwanda’s Concerns

"The main aim of this paper is to try and bring to the fore the complexities behind the conflict in Rwanda with a focus on the need to link disarmament to the entire post-conflict confidence building and reconciliation process now underway. The pa...

UN Panel of Experts A Peace-Building Tool?

"This research is part of an effort that draws attention to some of the important building blocks which contribute to the consolidation of post-conflict reconstruction and settlement – and in the end avoiding regression – as we march towards peace...

“We Can’t Eat the Constitution” Transformation and the Socio-Economic Reconstruction of Burundi

"The Republic of Burundi is poised at the helm of a new chapter in its history following the end of a decade of civil war and ethnic division. The country’s astounding progress on the political level has raised expectations that the upcoming demo...

Towards a Continental Early Warning System for Africa

"This paper aims to provide an overview of CEWS essential characteristics as a continental system, and present a brief history of the development and current status of the System. This provides a useful background against which we can review and m...

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