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Fractured Peacebuilding in the Central African Republic Lessons for African Union Engagement

The Central African Republic (CAR) have experienced decades of fractured peace building processes. After the 2016 elections, the country can seize the opportunity to reach sustainable peace. This policy brief focused on the role played by the Afri...

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers a...

Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts...

Happily ever after How UN Member States can Ensure Sustainable Peace

A number of peacebuilding recommendations were made in this report, aimed at different entities across the UN system, including through the three components of the UNPBA – namely the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), Peacebuilding Support Office ...

Preventing Conflict in Central Africa ECCAS caught Between Ambitions, Challenges and Reality

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has a long way to go in preventing regional crises. Many challenges remain in making the infrastructure (especially the Central African Early Warning Mechanism and the Central African Mul...

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve it...

Partnering for Sustainable Peace in Liberia

This paper first analyzes Liberia’s national frameworks relevant to peace building and then examines the engagements of multiple peace building actors in Liberia, with a particular focus on the roles of African regional, sub regional and bilateral...

Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlyin...

Reducing Violence in South Africa: Resourcing Violence Prevention

Government budgets are much like household budgets. In households, we make decisions about how to allocate limited income to buy food, pay for education, transport, childcare and so on. In the same way, a government needs to make decisions about h...

The Somalia Conflict Implications for peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts

"The conflict in Sudan is not a sudden and inexplicable eruption, but rather a result of the interplay of a multiple of historical, social and political processes that has shaped the political and socio-economic structure of Somalia. To adequately...

A bridge too far? Considering security sector reform in Africa

"Security sector reform has become an accepted part of the international peace- building and post-conflict reconstruction agenda. It is posited as a crucial aspect in the creation of an enabling environment for development and stability. Experienc...

The Establishment and Implications of the United States Africa Command

"The paper is divided into three parts. The first part assesses the structures and patterns of US foreign policy making in dealing with issues related to Africa. It also addresses the perceived interests of the US in Africa, which is second only t...

Lessons from Liberia Integrated Approaches to Peacebuilding in Transitional Settings

"Through research on the ground in Liberia and engagement in peacebuilding discussions within the UN at headquarter level, the paper begins with a review of key conceptual and historical issues and debates surrounding post conflict peacebuilding a...

The Involvement of the Private Security Sector in Peacekeeping Missions

"PMSCs had been used in Iraq and Afghanistan and played an increasingly important role in both modern warfare and peacekeeping, a fact that could not be ignored. Likewise, the role that Executive Outcomes played in supporting the government in Sie...

Report of the 3rd African Conference of Commandants. Hosted by the Egyptian Command and Staff College, Cairo, Egypt, 9 – 13 November 2009

"The agenda of the 3rd ACoC focused on the following issues: The training method and combat doctrine of the ASF, The role of Regional Economic Communities (RECs)in the implementation of ASF Doctrine, The role of African think tanks in military edu...

Seminar report: Reconstructing fragility? The Post-Conflict State in the DRC

"The two-day seminar comprised seven sessions, as listed below. The seven main sessions included presentations of three to four experts, followed by a discussion: Session I: Evaluating the post-conflict state Session II: Management of natural re...

Promotion of Human Security in Africa: The Role of African Human Rights Institutions

"This study aims to examine the role of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (AHRC) in the promotion of human security in Africa. It specifically addresses ways in which the...

Liberia: The 2011 Elections and Building Peace in the Fragile State

"At the conclusion of Liberia’s 2005 elections, which itself was a culmination of years of an excruciatingly slow, fitful and bloody transition from interminable low-intensity warfare to relative peace, one of the country’s leading citizens made t...

Abyei Natural Resources Conflict

"This report explores the major factors underlying the violent conflict in Abyei. It aims to contribute to policy relevant knowledge of the link between resources and conflict and to propose a general framework for action. It examines the territ...

Assessing Security Sector Reform and its Impact on the Kivu Provinces

"The principal intention of this situation report is to evaluate what is believed to be one of the main obstacles to peace: the lack of progress in the reform of DR Congo’s security sector. The continuing war in eastern DRC is a reminder of the pa...

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