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More than a Chip off the Block Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

Regional economic communities are, in principal, an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), as demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016–2020, and a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures and processes. How…

Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts t…

Partnering for Sustainable Peace in Liberia

This paper first analyzes Liberia’s national frameworks relevant to peace building and then examines the engagements of multiple peace building actors in Liberia, with a particular focus on the roles of African regional, sub regional and bilateral o…

Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlying …

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its …

Reducing Violence in South Africa: Resourcing Violence Prevention

Government budgets are much like household budgets. In households, we make decisions about how to allocate limited income to buy food, pay for education, transport, childcare and so on. In the same way, a government needs to make decisions about how…

Gathering Storm Clouds: Political and Economic Uncertainty in Central Africa

The Central African region is facing remarkable pressure along several fronts. The recent downturn in global commodity prices is exacerbating an already fragile fiscal situation in the region. Moreover, rapid population growth is accentuating the …

Sustaining Peace in Practice: Liberia and Sierra Leone

Liberia and Sierra Leone are undergoing important transitions. The countries provide important case studies on how the United Nations (UN) can ensure successful transitions, not only from peacekeeping to peace building but also from conflict to bui…

Practical Pathways to Peace: Lessons from Liberia and South Sudan

Liberia and South Sudan represent important case studies for what sustaining peace means in practice. They provide an opportunity to interrogate how the United Nations (UN) can ensure greater inclusivity in activities carried out across the sustaini…

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrumen…

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country’s…

How the AU can Promote Transitional Justice in South Sudan

The African Union is mandated to help South Sudan to ensure accountability for past human rights abuses through the establishment of a hybrid court. This mandate is derived from the Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, signed i…

Preventing Extremism in West and Central Africa: Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria

Efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism have emerged rapidly onto the global stage and attracted substantial financial investment. This study investigated selected projects to understand their objectives, target groups, activities, theori…

Nobody came to ask us: South Sudanese refugee perceptions of the peace process

Refugees are one of the most affected yet least consulted groups when it comes to issues of peace and conflict in South Sudan. This report attempts to address that gap by presenting findings of refugee interviews in Ethiopia and Uganda. Understandin…

Compound Fractures: Political Formations, Armed groups and Regional Mediation in South Sudan

In September 2018 the warring parties in South Sudan signed the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The R-ARCSS will be implemented in a daunting environment – over the course of the five…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.109

This report discusses several issues regarding peacebuiding in Africa under the following headings: 1) The Focus on 32nd AU summit: elections could see big powers return to the PSC. In February 2019 the 15-member Peace and Security Council (PSC) w…

How the UNSC and ASP can Enhance Cooperation with the ICC

It has been said many times that the International Criminal Court is like a ‘giant without arms or legs’ In this context, this policy brief will mostly focus on the ways in which the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) can promote states’ cooper…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

Sudan and South Sudan: Violence Trajectories after Peace Agreements

Peace agreements can be turning points in complex transitions from war to peace. But they don’t necessarily lead to greater stability, let alone peace. This report explores trajectories of violence in Sudan and South Sudan after the signature of pea…

Cooperation with the ICC: What the Security Council and ASP must do

This report will focus on the ways in which the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) can promote states’ cooperation with the ICC. In thinking about the council’s role with regard to cooperation with the court, it is useful to divide possible UNS…

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