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Gathering Storm Clouds: Political and Economic Uncertainty in Central Africa

The Central African region is facing remarkable pressure along several fronts. The recent downturn in global commodity prices is exacerbating an already fragile fiscal situation in the region. Moreover, rapid population growth is accentuating th...

The Sudan–IGAD Peace Process Signposts for the Way Forward

"The paper will begin with a brief overview of the various peace processes that have been taken up during the two decades of Sudan’s civil war, culminating in the success of the IGAD Initiative. This serves to identify the key issues that have bee...

From Protection to Empowerment: Civilians as Stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"This paper explores the role of civilian stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo peace process, with particular emphasis on women, children, refugees and internally displaced people. The aim is to promote the view that war victims mu...

Decisions, Decisions South Africa's Foray into Regional Peace Operations

"This paper first provides a brief overview of the most salient aspects of the White Paper on Peace Missions and then examines recent deployments of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in a peace support role, with specific reference ...

Commitments by African Heads of State to Peace, Democracy, Human Rights and Associated Issues

"This document is a summary of the most important commitments made by African Heads of State and Government in recent years at the level of Summit Meetings of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). These commitments are reflected in decisions, r...

Peace, Security and Democracy in Africa? A Summary of Outcomes from the 2002 OAU/AU Summits in Durban

"This paper summarises the most important developments and outcomes following the recent meetings of the OAU/AU in Durban. Some remarks on the role of Libya are included in the interpretation, given the extent of the publicity (and confusion) thi...

A 90-day Plan to Bring Peace to the DRC? An Analysis of the Pretoria Agreement of 30 July 2002

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief background to the Pretoria agreement, and an early overview and analysis of the implications of the MoU,from the perspective of: South Africa’s role as peacemaker in the DRC; support to the military as...

More than a Chip off the Block Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

Regional economic communities are, in principal, an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), as demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016–2020, and a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures and processes. H...

Complex Emergencies: Security Challenges in the 21st Century – Implications for UN, and International Peace Operations - Abstract

"The 2007 annual SANWC Seminar on peace support operations contributed to improving the knowledge of the Learners on the JSCSP course about global and regional peacekeeping issues, trends, challenges, by providing them with insights into complex m...

Policing in South Africa in 2007: Key Issues and Developments

"In November 2007 the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) organised a conference on key issues and developments on policing in South Africa,funded by the Open Society Foundation of South Africa and the Hanns Seidel Foundation. An important theme ...

Between Principle and Pragmatism in Transitional Justice South Africa’s TRC and Peace Building

"This paper aims at conceptualising the role of transitional justice in peace building by focusing on South Africa’s TRC. It argues that building sustainable peace in societies that have suffered protracted conflict or human rights abuse calls no...

Western Sahara Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?

"Since the Spanish colonial administration withdrew from Western Sahara in February 1976 and Morocco moved in to occupy the territory, the conflict that ensued between Rabat and the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, has proven very divisive in t...

Negotiating the North/South Conflict Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"The paper discusses the history of Sudan’s civil war and the negotiations that led to the development of Sudan’s CPA.The structure of the paper is based on the conflict resolution model outlined in Fisher and Ury 1991.This paper will first discus...

Institutionalising Pan-Africanism Transforming African Union Values and Principles into Policy and Practice

"The argument put forth in this paper is that the critical challenge facing the AU is whether it can transform the extensive range of principles, norms and values that it has adopted into practical policies which can be implemented. The proposit...

The Trial of Charles Taylor Conflict Prevention, International Law and an Impunity-Free Africa

"This paper discusses the trial of the former head of state of Liberia, Charles Taylor, from Freetown to The Hague, by the Special Court for Sierra Leone. It highlights the principal legal issues surrounding Taylor’s indictment in connection wit...

Lessons from Liberia Integrated Approaches to Peacebuilding in Transitional Settings

"Through research on the ground in Liberia and engagement in peacebuilding discussions within the UN at headquarter level, the paper begins with a review of key conceptual and historical issues and debates surrounding post conflict peacebuilding a...

The Involvement of the Private Security Sector in Peacekeeping Missions

"PMSCs had been used in Iraq and Afghanistan and played an increasingly important role in both modern warfare and peacekeeping, a fact that could not be ignored. Likewise, the role that Executive Outcomes played in supporting the government in Sie...

Report of the 3rd African Conference of Commandants. Hosted by the Egyptian Command and Staff College, Cairo, Egypt, 9 – 13 November 2009

"The agenda of the 3rd ACoC focused on the following issues: The training method and combat doctrine of the ASF, The role of Regional Economic Communities (RECs)in the implementation of ASF Doctrine, The role of African think tanks in military edu...

Seminar report: Reconstructing fragility? The Post-Conflict State in the DRC

"The two-day seminar comprised seven sessions, as listed below. The seven main sessions included presentations of three to four experts, followed by a discussion: Session I: Evaluating the post-conflict state Session II: Management of natural re...

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

"The numerous efforts to eradicate gender-based violence, mitigate the differential burdens that women bear during conflict, facilitate women’s participation in peacebuilding,and achieve their overall empowerment has borne fruit through substantiv...

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