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Manufacturing Torture? South Africa’s Trade in Electric Shock Equipment

The trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment in South Africa, is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, a perceived gap in legislation exists when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can fac...

Compliance through Pain Electric Shock Equipment in South African Prisons

The authorization of various kinds of electric shock devices for use in South African prisons, are designed to enforce compliance through pain, incapacitation or fear of activation. However, their use has been associated with acts of torture and ...

Tools of torture? Use of Electric Shock Equipment among African Police

Torture occurs in many contexts and it is not an act that happens in isolation. There are several techniques and means by which pain and suffering are inflicted on suspects, convicted inmates and others deprived of their liberty. This policy brief...

Togo's Maritime Challenges : Why Security Remains a Major Issue

The African Union’s Extraordinary Summit on Maritime Security, Safety and Development is scheduled to be held in Lomé in October 2016. Togo is confronting a range of maritime security concerns and issues. The West African country’s progress is ass...

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum ...

Reducing Violence in South Africa: From Policing to Prevention

South Africa is one of the 10 most violent countries in the world, despite having achieved massive reductions in homicide levels since 1994. Murder has increased annually over the past four years (2012/13-2015/16). This raises the question of wh...

Professionalism and the South African Police Service: What is it and how can it help build safer communities?

"This paper does not seek to offer new empirical data informing the police professionalism debate. Instead, it explores the idea of a professional police agency while probing what the concept might mean in the South African context. Some of its fo...

'Inspecting' the SAPS National Inspectorate

"Internal oversight is available within the SAPS in the form of the National Inspectorate. This is a division of the police tasked to conduct inspections and evaluations of police stations and specialist police units as well as investigations of ...

The Dynamics of Crime Comparing the Results from the 1998, 2003 and 2007 National Crime and Victimisation Surveys

"In 2007 the Institute for Security Studies conducted a national crime and victimisation survey. The survey followed on from two earlier victim surveys conducted by the ISS and Statistics South Africa in 1998 and 2003 respectively. Together, these...

South Africans’ Perceptions of the Police and the Courts Results of the 2007 National Victims of Crime Survey

"In 2007 the Institute for Security Studies conducted a national crime and victimisation survey. The survey followed on from two earlier victim surveys conducted by the ISS and Statistics South Africa in 1998 and 2003 respectively. Together, these...

Addressing the Challenges of Law Enforcement in Africa Policing in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Policing lies at the heart of any effective criminal justice system, and many of the challenges faced by judicial systems in Africa directly confront police forces on a daily basis. Increasing populations and rising crime rates confronted by und...

Prosecution in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Prosecutors are primarily responsible for preparing charges and arraigning accused persons before competent courts or tribunals for trial. The primary duty of the prosecutor ‘is to seek justice as well as to convict those who are guilty’. In an i...

Private Security Sector in Africa: Country series

"As the debate around the private security industry continues, Africa in principle should not be isolated from it, because, if not properly understood, let alone effectively regulated, the industry could cause a major security threat to Africa. As...

The Justice Sector Afterthought : Witness Protection in Africa

"This book seeks to address the frictions between protecting the rights of accused persons and protecting the physical and psychological wellbeing of witnesses in Africa.Developed states are still attempting to refine the weighing of these two p...

The Khampepe Commission The Future of the Scorpions at Stake

"While hearings at the Khampepe Commission received extensive media coverage, very few from the research community have written to provide insights into the drama that unfolded during proceedings at the commission. This paper is therefore intended...

Confronting the Proceeds of Crime in Southern Africa An Introspection

"Prevention is intricately connected to the enforcement of the law against money laundering itself. Included under the structure of law enforcement is the requirement to define and criminalise money laundering connected to as wide a range of econo...

City Blues Corruption and Corruption Management in South Africa’s Metropolitan Police Departments

"This paper sheds light on how corruption (or ‘integrity management’ as it is sometimes called) is approached within each of the six major metro police departments. Section 1 gives background on corruption among metropolitan police generally and ...

Sector Policing. Origins and prospects

"This monograph will examine the new sector policing policy for South Africa and reflect on the experience of sector policing in London (UK). In doing so, consideration will be given to some issues related to ‘policy transfer’—the process in wh...

The Scorpions Analyzing the Directorate of Special Operations

"The “Scorpions”, when referred to by this nickname, are probably, outside of the police, the most recognised law enforcement body in South Africa. The impact of the Scorpions on the South African public’s psyche after four years of operation cann...

Profiling Money Laundering in Eastern and Southern Africa

"The monograph commences with a profile of the region, presented by the Minister of Finance of Swaziland, Honourable Majozi Sithole, in a keynote address to a seminar on money laundering in the sub-region. He cautions that confronting the menace o...

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