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Togo's Maritime Challenges : Why Security Remains a Major Issue

The African Union’s Extraordinary Summit on Maritime Security, Safety and Development is scheduled to be held in Lomé in October 2016. Togo is confronting a range of maritime security concerns and issues. The West African country’s progress is asses…

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum mi…

Reducing Violence in South Africa: From Policing to Prevention

South Africa is one of the 10 most violent countries in the world, despite having achieved massive reductions in homicide levels since 1994. Murder has increased annually over the past four years (2012/13-2015/16). This raises the question of whet…

The Sound of Gunfire: the Police Shootings at Marikana Scene 2, 16 August 2012

This report focuses on a part of the Marikana massacre, an incident on Thursday 16 August 2012 in which 34 striking mineworkers were killed by members of the South African Police Service. It relies on information made available in the public domai…

Should the Police be assessed using Crime Statistics?

Using crime statistics as an indicator of police performance is problematic. Many variables influence increases and decreases in crime rates that cannot necessarily be attributed to police performance. This policy brief argues that crime statistics…

African Standby Force Police Roster System

"This paper specifies the features and functions of the ASF police roster system with the aim of helping to create a clear, shared understanding of what it entails. It also proposes the relevant standards, procedures and tools of the roster data ope…

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

In this policy brief the following theme is explored: how the design of the city has affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town. It does not purport to be comprehensive, though serves as an initial starting point for furthe…

The Drug Trade and Governance in Cape Town

"The Western Cape continues to be plagued by the drug trade and accompanying development of organised crime networks. The paper discusses the racial, economic and geographic variations in the drug trade and drug use, and the trade’s growth during th…

Crime Networks and Governance in Cape Town The Quest for Enlightened Responses

The enduring nature of organised crime in Cape Town is explained in this paper. It explores the impact of crime networks on systems and formal structures of governance. It confirms the findings of earlier research that crime networks may be more…

A Network of Violence Mapping a Criminal Gang Network in Cape Town

The study examined the characteristics of the structure, actors involved and types of interactions of a criminal network formed by a gang operating in Cape Town, South Africa. The analysis is based on data gathered from a case judgement in the Weste…

Building the Capacity of the Malian Police: Why MINUSMA needs to think outside the box

The policy brief aims to outline how the capacity-building aspect of the police component of MINUSMA can be strengthened to achieve the mission goal of assisting the re-establishment of state authority and the rebuilding of the security sector. The …

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

How has the design of the city affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town? this policy brief does not purport to be comprehensive, but serves as an initial starting point for further study by highlighting some of the additi…

Counting the Covert Using Data to Understand Corruption in South Africa

Concern about corruption in South Africa has increased in recent years. There is often a lack of specificity when it is widely discussed. To address this problem a greater degree of precision is needed as to when corruption is reported on or analys…

African Perspectives on Challenges of Police Command in Peace Support Operations

In this paper it was aimed to identify African perspectives specific to the police component and its role in the African Peace and Security Architecture. Challenges for police command at strategic, operational and tactical levels are then reviewed. …

Manufacturing Torture? South Africa’s Trade in Electric Shock Equipment

The trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment in South Africa, is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, a perceived gap in legislation exists when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can facil…

Compliance through Pain Electric Shock Equipment in South African Prisons

The authorization of various kinds of electric shock devices for use in South African prisons, are designed to enforce compliance through pain, incapacitation or fear of activation. However, their use has been associated with acts of torture and ot…

Tools of torture? Use of Electric Shock Equipment among African Police

Torture occurs in many contexts and it is not an act that happens in isolation. There are several techniques and means by which pain and suffering are inflicted on suspects, convicted inmates and others deprived of their liberty. This policy brief h…

A Stitch in Time Would have Saved Nine: Operationalising the African Standby Force

"The African Standby Force(ASF)was envisaged as a tool for timely response and intervention in post-cold war conflicts that were ravaging the continent. Initial attempts in 1995 and 1997 to bring the force into operation stalled, but renewed eff…

The Evolution of Organised Crime in Africa Towards a New Response

"This paper attempts to better understand the drivers behind the growth of organised crime in Africa by examining its evolution over time. It finds that organised crime is inextricably linked to the development and changing nature of the African st…

The Geneva Conventions and South African Law

"According to the preamble, the purpose of the Geneva Conventions Act is two-fold: to enact the Geneva Conventions and its Protocols into South African law, and to ensure the prevention and punishment of grave and other breaches. The first aim is a…

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