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The Future of Democracy in Africa

Democracy in much of Africa is currently constrained from delivering on its development potential for three reasons. Firstly, governance capacity is lacking. Secondly, the quality of electoral democracy is thin. Finally, neo patrimonialism undermine…

Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts t…

Is South Africa a Norm Entrepreneur in Africa?

This policy brief aimed to look at South Africa’s commitment to democracy and human rights in Africa, and to consider the drivers behind the often contradictory foreign-policy positions taken by the government. It questions whether South Africa has…

Partnering for Sustainable Peace in Liberia

This paper first analyzes Liberia’s national frameworks relevant to peace building and then examines the engagements of multiple peace building actors in Liberia, with a particular focus on the roles of African regional, sub regional and bilateral o…

Beyond Rhetoric Engaging Africa’s Youth in Democratic Governance

The overview presented in this brief, discusses the continental normative framework on youth engagement by the African Union (AU). It argues that there is a disconnect, both in theory and practice, between youth rights and freedoms on the African co…

From Rhetoric to Action: Delivering for Young Women in Africa

Young African women between the ages of 15 and 35 find themselves in a conundrum, in a world that is highly patriarchal and ageist - frequently facing a double burden brought about by their gender and age, and falling through the cracks of governmen…

Life beyond BRICS? South Africa’s Future Foreign Policy Interests

South Africa is rapidly approaching the end of Jacob Zuma’s tenure as president of the country. Zuma will likely step down shortly after the election of a new leadership of the African National Congress (ANC) at its December 2017 National Conference…

Reform or unravel? Prospects for Angola’s transition

Angola is facing an existential transition. A presidential succession is occurring ahead of the August 2017 elections amid a deep financial crisis, internal factionalism within the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola and strong oppositio…

African Futures: Key Trends to 2035

Africa is undergoing several major transitions, including demographic, economic, technological, urban and socio-political. These transitions are all connected, and together they will shape the future of the continent. Looking to the future, Africa’s…

High Stakes for Somaliland’s Presidential Elections

The stakes are high for Somaliland’s presidential elections scheduled for 13 November 2017. After more than two years of delays, voters will finally have the chance to be heard. Given that President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud ‘Silanyo’ is stepping down…

Gathering Storm Clouds: Political and Economic Uncertainty in Central Africa

The Central African region is facing remarkable pressure along several fronts. The recent downturn in global commodity prices is exacerbating an already fragile fiscal situation in the region. Moreover, rapid population growth is accentuating the …

Violence in Africa: Trends, Drivers and Prospects to 2023

This report analyses prospects for violence in Africa to 2023. It first presents recent conflict trends including slowly declining fatality rates in several countries, noting Africa’s large burden of non-state conflict and the increase in riots and…

Damned to Desperation: The Gendered Nature of Disruptive Politics among South African Youth

South Africa’s youth are often portrayed in the media as being at the forefront of xenophobic attacks, looting foreign-owned stores and participating in social movements and disruptive protests. Young men are identified as more likely than young wo…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.109

This report discusses several issues regarding peacebuiding in Africa under the following headings: 1) The Focus on 32nd AU summit: elections could see big powers return to the PSC. In February 2019 the 15-member Peace and Security Council (PSC) w…

Elections and stability in SADC: the Zimbabwe case

This policy brief looks at the electoral processes in Zimbabwe as a mirror to Southern African Development Community (SADC) shortcomings with regards to entrenching democratic values. Though not the only measure of democratisation, elections remain …

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.114 June 2019

This article ‘AU summit: Will free trade be Africa’s economic game changer?’ discusses the importance and economic possibilities of the establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCTA). In ‘Dangers ahead for Sudan after its suspensio…

Forecasting South African Election Results

"This policy brief provides additional detail on the Bafana Bafana, Mandela Magic and Nation Divided scenarios first set out in the ‘South African futures 2030’ study released by the Institute for Security Studies in February 2014. The focus in thi…

The 2013 General Elections in Kenya: The Integrity of the Electoral Process

The 2013 general elections in Kenya was followed by the comparative national elections project (CNEP) post election survey. One of the primary objectives was to generate data that could provide insights into the views and attitudes of Kenyan voters…

Somaliland at the Crossroads Protecting a Fragile Stability

The first section of this report examines Somaliland’s political landscape ahead of the next presidential elections. It is looking at weaknesses in the political system and potential areas of instability. Most pressing is the territory’s failure to …

Rainbow at Risk Improving South Africa's Prospects

Over many generations, South Africa has proved its resilience and the country should bar unforeseen events, also weather the turbulent years ahead. Its long-term growth prospects remain positive and, with the right confluence of leadership and a fac…

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