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Looking Beneath the Cloak An Analysis of Intelligence Governance in South Africa

"The governance of the intelligence sector presents a unique set of challenges to democratic governance and the practice of the principles of transparency, accountability and participation. South Africa has experienced a transition to democracy, w...

SA Democracy Incorporated Corporate Fronts and Political Party Funding

"The purpose of this research paper was to identify possible sources of private funding to South Africa’s political parties, beyond the annual state allocation, which are potentially corrupting and/or subverting the will of the electorate. The lac...

The 2005 General Elections in Tanzania: Implications for Peace and Security in Southern Africa

"This paper examines the significance of the recently concluded general elections in Tanzania for the consolidation of democracy in the country, whilst highlighting the political difficulties in Zanzibar. It also examines how the election outcome ...

Challenges to Security Sector Reform in the Horn of Africa

"The CPRD and ISS are both committed to continuing research in the field of SSR in the Horn of Africa and in supporting national governments and regional organisations in furthering the important and essential work on SSR. It is in this spirit tha...

Ghana’s 2008 Election: Towards a Consolidated Democracy?

"How has Ghana got it right? This paper argues that Ghana’s own political history and the electoral machinery continue to play a role in the steps taken towards effective political system based on democratic principles. Regarded by both local and...

The Power of Regional Economic Communities: Predicting Future Trends and Mitigating the Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Power Alteration in Africa

"Using secondary sources of information and participant observations, the paper presents a historical overview of unconstitutional power alternations in Africa, explores the provisions available to the RECs in addressing current trends and the cha...

Lesotho: On the Path to Democracy and Stability?

"The threat of future political instability in Lesotho can only be removed if a concerted effort is made by both internal and external political actors to understand the need for a change in this country’s political culture. Given the political cl...

Civil Security Relations in Tanzania: Investigating the Relationship between the State, Security Services and Civil Society

"In any democratic society, healthy relations ideally operate in a triangular relationship comprising security services, civil authority and civil society, which contributes to the enhancement of peace and security. This model ensures greater t...

To Spy or Not to Spy? Intelligence and Democracy in South Africa

"As the title of the series of papers suggests, there are two primary issues for discussion. On the one hand, the question 'To spy or not to spy?’ has been posed. This question asks us to consider the nature of the role and function of the South ...

Guinea: The Main Challenges of the New President

"The aim of this policy brief is to draw attention to some of the main challenges that the newly elected president of Guinea will face, and to formulate policy recommendations in view of addressing these challenges. For the first time since it...

The State of the Region Security Sector Governance in Southern Africa

"The aim of this conference was to explore dynamics that influence the democratic governance of the security sector in Southern Africa. The 1990s was a period of democratic transition for many states in Southern Africa. These transitions often en...

Transformation of the Pan-African Parliament A path to a legislative body?

"The inauguration of the Pan-African Parliament reflects a commitment towards enhancing and deepening democratic values and principles on the continent. The PAP forms part of the ambitious process of deepening the institutional framework for achi...

Democracy, Elections & Political Parties A Conceptual Overview with Special Emphasis on Africa

"This paper develops,in a manageable manner, a conceptual framework in order to adequately define the essentially contested concepts of democracy, elections and political parties. There is much overlap in these concepts which are abundantly used i...

Peace, Security and Democracy in Africa? A Summary of Outcomes from the 2002 OAU/AU Summits in Durban

"This paper summarises the most important developments and outcomes following the recent meetings of the OAU/AU in Durban. Some remarks on the role of Libya are included in the interpretation, given the extent of the publicity (and confusion) thi...

Healthy Democracies? The Potential Impact of AIDS on Democracy in Southern Africa

"Social scientists are only beginning to understand the range of potential impacts the HIV/AIDS pandemic may have on Southern African societies.However, the implications of the pandemic for the survival and consolidation of democratic government,...

NEPAD’s Peer Review Mechanism

"NEPAD is a work in progress and recent developments have proved confusing to many. This paper explains the recent compromise regarding political and economic review by the African Peer Review Mechanism. As a background to this, the NEPAD structur...

Feeding the Peace: Challenges Facing Human Security in Post-Garang South Sudan

"This situation report focuses on the reconstruction and development priorities affecting the country, particularly the South. In fact, and outside the immediate political implications of the death of John Garang, the challenges of reconstructio...

Mozambique's 2004 General Elections

"The period around the turn of the millennium, in particular, indicated that democracy was not yet consolidated in Mozambique. FRELIMO benefited from the disbursement of state funds and other resources for its campaign, as well as from biased r...

Summary Overview of Security Sector Reform Processes in the DRC

"The challenges and delays facing security sector reform in the DRC, in particular the formation of a unified Congolese national army and the necessary disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) processes for the different armed groups, ...

Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change: Briefing notes

"Even if the MDC wins power, it will be faced with the enormous challenges of reconstructing the crumbling state apparatus and fostering increased development and democratisation in a country that has suffered from a deficit of both. The MDC is aw...

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