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Leadership Required: Drug Trafficking and the Crisis of Statehood in West Africa

"Beginning in the middle of the last decade, the international community was alerted to the fact that drug trafficking in West Africa was in danger of spawning a series of near ‘narco-­‐states’: countries whose economies, politics and social str...

Angola's Second Post War Elections: The Alchemy of Change

"The second post-war elections in Angola, in August 2012, have become a lens through which to observe the political changes this emerging African powerhouse will face in the coming years. President Jose Eduardo dos Santos was elected for the firs...

Transformation of the Pan-African Parliament A path to a legislative body?

"The inauguration of the Pan-African Parliament reflects a commitment towards enhancing and deepening democratic values and principles on the continent. The PAP forms part of the ambitious process of deepening the institutional framework for achi...

Democracy, Elections & Political Parties A Conceptual Overview with Special Emphasis on Africa

"This paper develops,in a manageable manner, a conceptual framework in order to adequately define the essentially contested concepts of democracy, elections and political parties. There is much overlap in these concepts which are abundantly used i...

Guinea: The Main Challenges of the New President

"The aim of this policy brief is to draw attention to some of the main challenges that the newly elected president of Guinea will face, and to formulate policy recommendations in view of addressing these challenges. For the first time since it...

The State of the Region Security Sector Governance in Southern Africa

"The aim of this conference was to explore dynamics that influence the democratic governance of the security sector in Southern Africa. The 1990s was a period of democratic transition for many states in Southern Africa. These transitions often en...

To Spy or Not to Spy? Intelligence and Democracy in South Africa

"As the title of the series of papers suggests, there are two primary issues for discussion. On the one hand, the question 'To spy or not to spy?’ has been posed. This question asks us to consider the nature of the role and function of the South ...

Ghana’s 2008 Election: Towards a Consolidated Democracy?

"How has Ghana got it right? This paper argues that Ghana’s own political history and the electoral machinery continue to play a role in the steps taken towards effective political system based on democratic principles. Regarded by both local and...

The Power of Regional Economic Communities: Predicting Future Trends and Mitigating the Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Power Alteration in Africa

"Using secondary sources of information and participant observations, the paper presents a historical overview of unconstitutional power alternations in Africa, explores the provisions available to the RECs in addressing current trends and the cha...

Looking Beneath the Cloak An Analysis of Intelligence Governance in South Africa

"The governance of the intelligence sector presents a unique set of challenges to democratic governance and the practice of the principles of transparency, accountability and participation. South Africa has experienced a transition to democracy, w...

SA Democracy Incorporated Corporate Fronts and Political Party Funding

"The purpose of this research paper was to identify possible sources of private funding to South Africa’s political parties, beyond the annual state allocation, which are potentially corrupting and/or subverting the will of the electorate. The lac...

The 2005 General Elections in Tanzania: Implications for Peace and Security in Southern Africa

"This paper examines the significance of the recently concluded general elections in Tanzania for the consolidation of democracy in the country, whilst highlighting the political difficulties in Zanzibar. It also examines how the election outcome ...

Challenges to Security Sector Reform in the Horn of Africa

"The CPRD and ISS are both committed to continuing research in the field of SSR in the Horn of Africa and in supporting national governments and regional organisations in furthering the important and essential work on SSR. It is in this spirit tha...

Lesotho: On the Path to Democracy and Stability?

"The threat of future political instability in Lesotho can only be removed if a concerted effort is made by both internal and external political actors to understand the need for a change in this country’s political culture. Given the political cl...

Civil Security Relations in Tanzania: Investigating the Relationship between the State, Security Services and Civil Society

"In any democratic society, healthy relations ideally operate in a triangular relationship comprising security services, civil authority and civil society, which contributes to the enhancement of peace and security. This model ensures greater t...

Political Dissent and Terrorism in Southern Africa

"This paper aims to contribute towards a better understanding of dissent and its role in democracy. The challenge for governments is to manage dissent in such a way that it remains within levels that are regarded as legitimate and normal for heal...

Political Change in Madagascar: Populist Democracy or Neopatrimonialism by Another Name?

"This paper examines the formation of the Third Republic in 1992 in a historical context, and the events leading up to the crisis of 2002, before turning to consider the efforts of Marc Ravalomanana and the new government since. This should provi...

South Africa: Strengthening Civilian Oversight over the Police in South Africa: The National and Provincial Secretariats for Safety and Security

"The national and provincial secretariats for Safety and Security were originally intended to provide civilian oversight and monitoring of the South African Police Service(SAPS). Ten years after the secretariats came into existence, the authors u...

Commitments by African Heads of State to Peace, Democracy, Human Rights and Associated Issues

"This document is a summary of the most important commitments made by African Heads of State and Government in recent years at the level of Summit Meetings of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). These commitments are reflected in decisions, r...

Peace, Security and Democracy in Africa? A Summary of Outcomes from the 2002 OAU/AU Summits in Durban

"This paper summarises the most important developments and outcomes following the recent meetings of the OAU/AU in Durban. Some remarks on the role of Libya are included in the interpretation, given the extent of the publicity (and confusion) thi...

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