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Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees an…

The Sound of Gunfire: the Police Shootings at Marikana Scene 2, 16 August 2012

This report focuses on a part of the Marikana massacre, an incident on Thursday 16 August 2012 in which 34 striking mineworkers were killed by members of the South African Police Service. It relies on information made available in the public domai…

Violent Crime on Farms and Smallholdings in South Africa

Farm attacks and farm murders are a contentious topic in South Africa. Claims have been made that the criminal attacks on farms are a deliberate form of white – specifically Afrikaner – genocide. But are farm dwellers and particularly white Afrika…

Compound Fractures: Political Formations, Armed groups and Regional Mediation in South Sudan

In September 2018 the warring parties in South Sudan signed the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The R-ARCSS will be implemented in a daunting environment – over the course of the five…

Peace and Security Council Report No.112

This report consists of several articles. The first article ‘The AU saves the CAR deal in extremis, but it needs to do more’ discusses the African Unions reaction to the February peace deal in the Central African Republic. The increased number of …

Limits to Supporting Security Sector Interventions in the DRC

Since 2003, the international community has invested considerable resources in keeping the peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This paper looks at the ways in which the armed forces and local community interact. It also examines the te…

The Islamic State : Why Africa Should be Worried

The Islamic State's emergence is the most significant development in Islamist extremism since the 9/11 attacks. Currently it controls significant portions of Iraq and Syria and has divided the global jihadist movement into two, offering a credible –…

Africa's Conflict Burden in a Global Context

"This paper gives a snapshot of Africa’s conflict burden within a global context based on various prominent data providers. The analysis finds that armed conflict in Africa follows the general global pattern of declining levels if measured in rela…

Assessing Long Term State Fragility in Africa : Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

This monograph propose that ten presently fragile states (Comoros, the CAR, the DRC, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, the Republic of Congo, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Togo) will continue to experience poor governance, chronic poverty, potentially wi…

Future (im)perfect? Mapping Conflict, Violence and Extremism in Africa

To build accountable, capable governments that can deliver security and inclusive growth, is the central challenge for Sub-Saharan Africa. Research into the drivers, trends and characteristics of violence in Africa may help achieve these goals. This…

Armed Groups in Mali: Beyond the Labels

Armed groups in Mali have increased steadily since the 2012 crisis although, a large swathe of the northern part of the country still remains beyond the control of the national authorities. The armed groups were established either just ahead of or …

Addressing the 'Conflict Minerals' Crisis in the Great Lakes Region

"The year 2011 heralded the convergence of various initiatives seeking to curtail the financing of conflict in the Great Lakes region through the illegal exploitation of minerals. The combined effect of seeking to comply with the various proces…

The Future of Intrastate Conflict in Africa More Violence or Greater Peace?

"This paper analyses future trends for intrastate conflict in Africa up to 2050 using the International Futures (IFs) model. After reviewing the main post-Cold War patterns of conflict and instability on the continent, the paper discusses seven key…

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an oth…

HIV and AIDS and the African Military Towards a Common and Comprehensive Approach

"The Security Sector Governance (SSG) Programme hosts a number of projects including MilAIDS, which focuses on the mitigation of the impact of HIV and AIDS on armed forces in Africa. The purpose of the project is to inform and support the developme…

Elimination of Mercenerism in Africa A Need for a New Continental Approach

"The monograph aims to contribute to the global debate around mercenaries,PSCs and PMCs that is earnestly seeking to influence the determination of universal norms and standards by states, especially with regard to the use of PSCs and PMCs, as there…

Private Security Sector in Africa: Country series

"As the debate around the private security industry continues, Africa in principle should not be isolated from it, because, if not properly understood, let alone effectively regulated, the industry could cause a major security threat to Africa. As t…

Rights of Children in Conflict An Evaluation of Japanese Official Development Assistance in Acholiland, Northern Uganda

"As part of Japan’s efforts to strengthen dialogue with African countries in preparation for the Fourth Tokyo Inter-national Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), the Japanese embassy in Addis Ababa mandated the office of the Institute for S…

Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisati…

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