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Gathering Storm Clouds: Political and Economic Uncertainty in Central Africa

The Central African region is facing remarkable pressure along several fronts. The recent downturn in global commodity prices is exacerbating an already fragile fiscal situation in the region. Moreover, rapid population growth is accentuating th...

Political Change in Madagascar: Populist Democracy or Neopatrimonialism by Another Name?

"This paper examines the formation of the Third Republic in 1992 in a historical context, and the events leading up to the crisis of 2002, before turning to consider the efforts of Marc Ravalomanana and the new government since. This should provi...

Continuing Instability in the Kivus: Testing the DRC Transition to the Limit

"This paper aims to take a close look at the political and military situation in the provinces of North and South Kivu following the unrest in Bukavu in late May and early June this year. In this context it will discuss the links between the milit...

South Africa: Strengthening Civilian Oversight over the Police in South Africa: The National and Provincial Secretariats for Safety and Security

"The national and provincial secretariats for Safety and Security were originally intended to provide civilian oversight and monitoring of the South African Police Service(SAPS). Ten years after the secretariats came into existence, the authors u...

Unholy Alliance? Assessing the Links between Organised Criminals and Terrorists in Southern Africa

"This paper explores whether similar links can be substantiated in Southern Africa. In doing so, definitional, theoretical and methodological problems around the concepts of terrorism and organised crime are highlighted. Seven case studies are exa...

Money Laundering in Southern Africa Incidence, Magnitude and Prospects for its Control

"This paper does not seek to highlight or explain the perceptions of the financial sector or those of any other organisation concerned with combating money laundering; it rather explores some of the key issues at the heart of contemporary con...

Hawks, Doves or Penguins? A Critical Review of the SADC Military Intervention in the DRC

"The aim of this paper is to examine the decisions taken by some of the major actors in SADC in respect of the conflict in the DRC, following the distress call by Laurent Kabila’s government. The paper seeks to analyse the implications of the dec...

The Sudan–IGAD Peace Process Signposts for the Way Forward

"The paper will begin with a brief overview of the various peace processes that have been taken up during the two decades of Sudan’s civil war, culminating in the success of the IGAD Initiative. This serves to identify the key issues that have bee...

Returning Home to a Normal Life? The Plight of Displaced Angolans

"Amongst all the atrocities of war, one of the most tragic consequences of the 27 year long civil conflict in Angola was that over 4 million of civilians were forced to leave their homelands searching for safe havens elsewhere in the country and b...

From Protection to Empowerment: Civilians as Stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"This paper explores the role of civilian stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo peace process, with particular emphasis on women, children, refugees and internally displaced people. The aim is to promote the view that war victims mu...

Implementing the Southern Africa Firearms Protocol Identifying Challenges and Priorities

"This paper briefly describes the historical development of the SADC Protocol as a regional instrument to increase control over the proliferation of small arms in Southern Africa. It places the Protocol within the context of other international a...

Liberating Liberia Charles Taylor and the Rebels Who Unseated Him

"August 2003 was a dramatic month for Liberia. Rebels held Monrovia under siege, West African peacekeepers moved in, President Charles Taylor stepped down and the United States made its first peacekeeping foray into Africa in a decade. For Liberia...

Coup d’état in São Tomé e Príncipe Domestic Causes, the Role of Oil and Former ‘Buffalo’ Battalion Soldiers

"São Tomé e Príncipe (STP) has not yet extracted a single drop of oil and is not expected to do so until 2007. Even so, because of its potential oil wealth the recent military coup in the small island-republic has attracted a lot of international ...

Diversion in South Africa A Review of Policy and Practice, 1990–2003

"The purpose of this paper is to review the literature available on diversion in South Africa. The paper is divided into three parts:The first part examines the concept in its most general sense and traces the introduction and development of diver...

The Landmine Factor in the Peacekeeping Debate in Africa

"This paper examines the ways in which the establishment of peacekeeping standby forces at the continental and sub-regional levels in Africa requires a focus on landmines and how efforts to eradicate landmines fit into discussions on common defen...

Cabinda Notes on a Soon-to-be-Forgotten War

"Although the civil war in mainland Angola formally ended on 4 April 2002,a secessionist conflict with grave humanitarian consequences remained unabated in the oil-rich enclave province of Cabinda for much of 2002. However, reports from Cabinda’s...

Madagascar: Stumbling at the First Hurdle?

"Events in Madagascar after the disputed first round of the presidential election held on 16 December 2001 have taken many by surprise. This paper gives a detailed account of the order of events and explains their significance. The role played by ...

The Social Contradictions of Organised Crime on the Cape Flats

"Organised crime is traditionally viewed as a harmful anti-social phenomenon. However, in pockets of the Cape Flats it seems that a criminal elite gain community respect and support. This paper explores the origin of this support and contemplates ...

Decisions, Decisions South Africa's Foray into Regional Peace Operations

"This paper first provides a brief overview of the most salient aspects of the White Paper on Peace Missions and then examines recent deployments of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in a peace support role, with specific reference ...

South Africa’s Defence Industry Charting A New Course?

"The South African defence industry has evolved since its establishment in the 1960s. Once the generator of military equipment to the South African armed forces, today it is focused on the export market and engaging in international alliances to e...

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