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The Impact of Climate Change in Africa

"This paper is concerned with the fact that African nations are among the lightest polluters, yet analysts say they will suffer the most from climate change in their pursuit of water and food security, sustainable development, and political and ec...

Fusing Privatisation of Security with Peace and Security Initiatives

"This paper seeks to highlight the numerous obstacles to, and opportunities for, the consolidation of PMSCs into a security provision role on the African continent. Obstacles include the lack of definition as to what PMSCs actually are. The inabil...

Somalia Dilemmas Changing Security Dynamics, but limited policy choices

"The main theme of this paper centres on the paradoxical state of affairs in which on the one hand the nature and dynamics of the conflict continue to change and the insecurity deepens and on the other hand the policy options remain limited. Where...

Reintegration in Mozambique An unresolved affair

"Close to two decades after the end of the civil war in Mozambique, the country is yet to complete the reintegration of the demobilised combatants into society. This paper sought to understand why the former fighters are raising these issues, and ...

Natural Resources Conflict Management Processes and Strategies in Africa

"This paper treats natural resources conflicts as an intrinsic part of larger social conflicts and seeks to provide a link between natural resources and social conflicts, situate the debate within the nexus between natural resources managem...

Eco-Cop Environmental Policing in Eastern Africa

"This paper looks at one dominant realm of governance that makes up modern policing, i.e.the environmental realm,and particularly the policing activity known as environmental crime management. This paper seeks to discuss these two variables and es...

Exploring alternative approaches for managing electoral injustice in Africa: The case of breast protests in Nigeria and the sex strike in Kenya

"This study deals with three main issues. The first is the role of traditional and urban women’s movements in managing the protracted electoral crises in Nigeria and Kenya. The second is the impact of customary and orthodox repercussions of the ...

Towards an understanding of repeat violent offending

"This paper explores South African and international literature relevant to repeat offending. It reviews the international literature on violent and aggressive behaviour and relevant, but limited, South African literature on violent criminal behav...

The Chair of the African Union What prospect for institutionalisation?

"This paper is an in-depth analysis on the chair of the African Union. After providing a historical overview, the author explains the modalities for the election of AU chairs and their functions. She then compares different styles of chairmanship ...

'Keep Calm and Carry On' An Initial African Assessment of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) 2010 Review Conference

"On 28 May 2010, 190 States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) adopted a final document at its 8th Review Conference (RevCon) held at the United Nations (UN) Headquarters in New York. This paper makes an initia...

Nuclear energy rethink? The rise and demise of South Africa’s Pebble Bed Modular Reactor

"Given the central importance of energy policy in South Africa, it is more important than ever that projects like the PBMR are evaluated for their necessity, viability, affordability, sustainability, and contribution to the country’s development ...

The role and place of the African Standby Force within the African Peace and Security Architecture

"This paper seeks to highlight the importance and place of the ASF within the APSA and critically examines the potential of the ASF and the challenges facing it as one of the most important mechanisms for the AU’s strategic response to conflicts....

'Inspecting' the SAPS National Inspectorate

"Internal oversight is available within the SAPS in the form of the National Inspectorate. This is a division of the police tasked to conduct inspections and evaluations of police stations and specialist police units as well as investigations of ...

Addressing the Use of Private Security and Military Companies at the International Level

"The aim of this paper is firstly, to contribute to the scholarly debate regarding the use of PMSCs in conflict and post - conflict situations. Secondly, to comment on the current Draft International Convention on the Regulation, Oversight and Mo...

Political Violence in Kenya A Study of Causes, Responses, and a Framework for Discussing Preventive Action

"This paper focuses on political violence in Kenya. The rationale of the paper is to understand how such violence can best be prevented. To do this, we must first understand the history of political violence in Kenya and what factors in society co...

Confronting Complex Emergencies in Africa Imperatives of a Search for a New Doctrine of Humanitarian ‘Security’ interventions

"The paper starts with an examination of the nature, focus and scope of humanitarian intervention approaches. It highlights the mismatch between salient features of violent armed conflict and the humanitarian military intervention approach. The d...

The trajectory of human rights violations in Zimbabwe

"This paper discusses the course of human rights violations in Zimbabwe through a historical approach that focuses on the immediate pre-independence (Ian Smith’s regime) and the postindependence (Robert Mugabe) eras. The argument is that the con...

Marginalisation and violence Considering origins of insurgency and peace implementation in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan

"This paper addresses two issues. First, it builds on an argument in earlier research on the Nuba Mountains that purely resource-based explanations are not sufficient to find comprehensive measures for conflict resolution,showing that any resourc...

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an o...

Providing Security and Justice for the People Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe

"This paper considers the need for security sector reform (SSR) in Zimbabwe and highlights potential short-term and long-term priorities in this regard. Following renewed interest in, and possibilities for, SSR in Zimbabwe, it has become apparent...

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