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Vulnerability and Social Protection at the Margins of the Formal Economy: Case Studies from Khayelitsha and the Eastern Cape

"This report sets out the results of an in-depth study of livelihood strategies and ‘coping mechanisms’ among poor people in one very specific, but highly significant context of poverty in South Africa. Its core concrete concern is with social g...

Poverty Measurement Blues: Some Reflections on the Space for Understanding 'Chronic' and 'Structural' Poverty in South Africa

"This paper explores the challenge of understanding chronic and structural poverty in South Africa, and questions the dominance of the econometric imaginary in present-day development and poverty studies. It argues that measurement-based, economet...

Chronic and Structural Poverty in South Africa: Challenges for Action and Research

"Ten years after liberation, the persistence of poverty is one of the most important and urgent problems facing South Africa. This paper reflects on some of the findings based on research undertaken as part of the participation of the Programme fo...

Joint Ventures and Livelihoods in Emerging Small-scale Irrigation Schemes in Greater Sekhukhune District: Perspectives from Hereford

"The research was primarily concerned with the impact of BEE, articulated through joint ventures, on the ‘livelihoods’ of people living in emerging small-scale irrigation schemes in some of the least affluent rural areas within the municipality....

Livelihoods and Sharing: Trends in a Lesotho Village, 1976 - 2004

"This study is meant to contribute to CARE Lesotho’s Livelihoods Recovery through Agriculture Programme, as it seeks to understand how Basotho livelihoods are evolving and how traditional modes of inter-household support are responding to new kind...

Trans-boundary Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa: Local, Historical and Livelihood Realities within the Great Limpopo Trans-frontier Conservation Area

"The end of apartheid rule in South Africa, together with the termination of the civil war in Mozambique and the occupation of Namibia by South Africa in the early 1990s, seemed to herald profound changes in international relations within the sout...

The Impact of Land Restitution and Land Reform on Livelihoods

"This thematic paper investigates emerging trends evident in the limited literature available on the impact of land restitution on livelihoods, and suggests ways of thinking about, and planning for, livelihoods. The paper has a two-fold emphasis:...

Land Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in South Africa: The Livelihood Impacts of Smallholder Agriculture under Land Reform

"The first objective was to develop a comprehensive picture of each project in terms of its membership, its activities and its internal organisation. The second was to situate the projects within their wider context, which included the local commu...

The Role of the State and Foreign Capital in Agricultural Commercialisation: The Case of Sugarcane Outgrowers in Kilombero district, Tanzania

The main research question is: what effect has privatisation of Kilombero Sugar Company had on its operations and surrounding communities? The paper contributes to the debate on large-scale land acquisition and agricultural commercialisation in s...

The Role of Social Security in Respecting and Protecting the Dignity of Lone Mothers in South Africa:Final Report

This report explores whether social assistance, as a financial transfer to low income people, serves to help to protect and respect people’s dignity, or conversely whether there are ways in which the country’s social security arrangements serve t...

The Occupational Dimensions of Poverty and Disability

"In the first section we clarify the theoretical and research background to the paper. We then address occupation in greater depth, highlighting the features of occupational poverty and agency with which disabled people and their households approa...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based li...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Rural Settlement

"This report considers the issue of rural settlement in South Africa and examines what settlement support rural households have access to and how effective this support is in creating sustainable settlements.The focus of this report is 'rural' in...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land Redistribution

"The land reform programme of the South African government is conventionally described as having three legs: restitution, tenure reform and redistribution. While restitution deals specifically with historical rights in land, and tenure reform with...

Social Reproduction, Accumulation and Class Differentiation: Small-scale Sugarcane Growers in Mtubatuba, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

"This paper argues that the rise and decline of small-scale sugarcane grower (SSG) production in KwaZulu-Natal must be historically located within a changing structural relationship with miller-processors, in turn conditioned by shifts in regulato...

Commercialisation, Deagrarianisation and the Accumulation/Reproduction Dynamic: Massive Maize Production Schemes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

"The post-apartheid era has seen the South African government trying to reverse ‘deagrarianisation’ in the former homelands by introducing ‘modern’ farming techniques and agribusiness principles. This paper situates the massive maize schemes curr...

The Next Great Trek? South African Commercial Farmers Move North

"This paper analyses the shifting role of South African farmers, agribusiness and capital elsewhere in southern Africa and the rest of the continent. It explores recent expansion trends, investigates the interests and agendas shaping such deals, a...

What is a 'Smallholder'?: Class-analytical Perspectives on Small-Scale Farming and Agrarian Reform in South Africa

"This paper argue that a class-analytic perspective centred on the key concepts of ‘petty commodity production’ and ‘accumulation from below’ is essential for understanding the differentiated character and diverse trajectories of small-scale agri...

Contested Paradigms of 'Viability' in Redistributive Land Reform: Perspectives from Southern Africa

"‘Viability’ is a key term in debates about land reform in southern African and beyond, and is used in relation to both individual projects and programmes. ‘Viability’ connotes ‘successful’ and ‘sustainable’ - but what is meant by viability in rel...

A Fresh Start for Rural Development and Agrarian Reform?

"This brief shows how existing policies are bifurcated between BEE models for the better off and welfare for the poor. There is now a danger that the two ministries will replicate the dualism of the so-called ‘first’ and ‘second’ economies – an ap...

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