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Joint Ventures and Livelihoods in Emerging Small-scale Irrigation Schemes in Greater Sekhukhune District: Perspectives from Hereford

"The research was primarily concerned with the impact of BEE, articulated through joint ventures, on the ‘livelihoods’ of people living in emerging small-scale irrigation schemes in some of the least affluent rural areas within the municipality....

Livelihoods and Sharing: Trends in a Lesotho Village, 1976 - 2004

"This study is meant to contribute to CARE Lesotho’s Livelihoods Recovery through Agriculture Programme, as it seeks to understand how Basotho livelihoods are evolving and how traditional modes of inter-household support are responding to new kind...

Trans-boundary Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa: Local, Historical and Livelihood Realities within the Great Limpopo Trans-frontier Conservation Area

"The end of apartheid rule in South Africa, together with the termination of the civil war in Mozambique and the occupation of Namibia by South Africa in the early 1990s, seemed to herald profound changes in international relations within the sout...

The Impact of Land Restitution and Land Reform on Livelihoods

"This thematic paper investigates emerging trends evident in the limited literature available on the impact of land restitution on livelihoods, and suggests ways of thinking about, and planning for, livelihoods. The paper has a two-fold emphasis:...

Land Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in South Africa: The Livelihood Impacts of Smallholder Agriculture under Land Reform

"The first objective was to develop a comprehensive picture of each project in terms of its membership, its activities and its internal organisation. The second was to situate the projects within their wider context, which included the local commu...

Vulnerability and Social Protection at the Margins of the Formal Economy: Case Studies from Khayelitsha and the Eastern Cape

"This report sets out the results of an in-depth study of livelihood strategies and ‘coping mechanisms’ among poor people in one very specific, but highly significant context of poverty in South Africa. Its core concrete concern is with social g...

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 1

"The first chapter of this report outlines the rationale for the research on gender relations, sustainable rural livelihoods and land reform. It also provides background on the analytical framework utilised in the study, and the research sites ...

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 2

"There is an ongoing debate about the sustainability of South African communal rangelands as old views on overgrazing and degradation are being widely challenged.This case study titled Grazing management and sustainability in a land reform pilot ...

The Externalisation and Casualisation of Farm Labour in Western Cape Horticulture

"The purpose of this study is to explore in depth the extent and nature of the changes in the Western Cape. It provides a quantitative overview of farm employment in the most important labour-absorptive sectors of Western Cape horticulture (...

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: A Status Report, 2004

"The report reviews the achievements and shortcomings of land and agrarian reform in South Africa in the first decade of democracy and provides a description of the status of these initiatives as at 2004. Chapter 1 presents a brief historical back...

Contested Fishing Grounds: Examining the Possibility of a Transboundary Management Regime in the Lake Kariba Fishery

"Community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) programmes in the southern African region emerged as a reaction to colonial ‘fortress’ conservation policies that criminalised and marginalised local people, preventing their use of natural res...

People-Centred Environmental Management and Municipal Commonage in the Nama Karoo

"The effective management of municipal commonage can contribute to land reform, food security, local economic development and sustainable natural resource use. Commonage land is, in many towns, the only natural resource available to poor communiti...

The Impact of Community-based Forest Management and Joint Forest Management on the Forest Resource Base and Local People's Livelihoods: Case Studies from Tanzania

"In recent years, there has been a move in eastern and southern African countries from centralised and state-driven management of natural resources towards decentralised and people-centred based regimes. In Tanzania, the inception of the 1998 nati...

CBNRM, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: Developing Criteria for Evaluating the Contribution of CBNRM to Poverty Reduction and Alleviation in Southern Africa

"This research paper explores the relationships between community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), poverty reduction/alleviation and rural livelihoods. The objectives of this paper are as follows: • to explore the current understanding...

Socio-economic Contribution of South African Fisheries and their Current Legal, Policy and Management Frameworks

"Fisheries policy is founded on two fundamental principles: that fisheries resources belong to all of South Africa's people, and that these resources shuld be utilised on a sustainable basis. South Africa's management authorities face a growing ne...

Crew Members in South Africa's Squid Industry: Whether they have Benefitted from Transformation and Governance Reforms

"Although crew members form bedrock of the squid industry, they have not benefited from the transformation and governance reforms because: the harvesting technique necessitates incentivisation of individual effort; they are highly mobile; and the ...

Smallholders and Agro-food Value Chains in South Africa: Emerging Practices, Emerging Challenges

"A key emerging strand in the development of smallholder agriculture in South Africa is the effort to integrate smallholders into corporate food retail value chains. In this, the private sector and government have a common agenda, which is to bui...

Gendered Dimensions of Land and Rural Livelihoods: The Case of New Settler Farmer Displacement at Nuanetsi Ranch, Mwenezi District, Zimbabwe

"Nuanetsi Ranch had been invaded by villagers from different parts of Mwenezi, Chiredzi and Chivi communal areas since 2000. In February 2010, the government announced that the settlers had to be removed and resettled in other ’uncontested lands’ ...

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In thes...

Land Use and Rural Livelihoods: Have they been Enhanced through Land Reform?

"It is often assumed that transferring land to rural households will provide people with valuable assets that can be productively used to enhance their livelihoods. Unfortunately, few rural people or land reform beneficiaries are perceived to be ...

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