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Gendered Dimensions of Land and Rural Livelihoods: The Case of New Settler Farmer Displacement at Nuanetsi Ranch, Mwenezi District, Zimbabwe

"Nuanetsi Ranch had been invaded by villagers from different parts of Mwenezi, Chiredzi and Chivi communal areas since 2000. In February 2010, the government announced that the settlers had to be removed and resettled in other ’uncontested lands’ ...

The Role of the State and Foreign Capital in Agricultural Commercialisation: The Case of Sugarcane Outgrowers in Kilombero district, Tanzania

The main research question is: what effect has privatisation of Kilombero Sugar Company had on its operations and surrounding communities? The paper contributes to the debate on large-scale land acquisition and agricultural commercialisation in s...

The Role of Social Security in Respecting and Protecting the Dignity of Lone Mothers in South Africa:Final Report

This report explores whether social assistance, as a financial transfer to low income people, serves to help to protect and respect people’s dignity, or conversely whether there are ways in which the country’s social security arrangements serve t...

Poverty Measurement Blues: Some Reflections on the Space for Understanding 'Chronic' and 'Structural' Poverty in South Africa

"This paper explores the challenge of understanding chronic and structural poverty in South Africa, and questions the dominance of the econometric imaginary in present-day development and poverty studies. It argues that measurement-based, economet...

Chronic and Structural Poverty in South Africa: Challenges for Action and Research

"Ten years after liberation, the persistence of poverty is one of the most important and urgent problems facing South Africa. This paper reflects on some of the findings based on research undertaken as part of the participation of the Programme fo...

Access to Land and Other Natural Resources for Local Communities in Mozambique: Current Examples from Manica Province

"A series of measures are being promoted - mostly by civil society - to secure local rights under the Land Law, and to allow local people to participate fully in the new development process. This paper examines some of these measures as they ar...

A Fresh Start for Rural Development and Agrarian Reform?

"This brief shows how existing policies are bifurcated between BEE models for the better off and welfare for the poor. There is now a danger that the two ministries will replicate the dualism of the so-called ‘first’ and ‘second’ economies – an ap...

Policy Options for Land Reform in South Africa: New Institutional Mechanisms?

"Since the 2005 Land Summit, new approaches to land reform have been on the agenda, yet there remains little clarity on the way forward. The main focus has been on means of accelerating the redistribution of land through new modes of acquiring lan...

A Social Coastal Fisheries Policy for South Africa? Subsistence Fisheries Co-management for Sustainable Livelihoods and Poverty Alleviation

"The Marine and Coastal Management (MCM) branch of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) is the custodian of South Africa’s natural marine resources. Management and allocation of this resource had always had a strong scienti...

Land and Resources in a Transfrontier Setting: The Case of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project

"Amongst the many initiatives in legislative and policy change affecting land and common property resource management in southern Africa today, transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) seem particularly prominent because of their massive scale, hu...

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In thes...

Land Use and Rural Livelihoods: Have they been Enhanced through Land Reform?

"It is often assumed that transferring land to rural households will provide people with valuable assets that can be productively used to enhance their livelihoods. Unfortunately, few rural people or land reform beneficiaries are perceived to be ...

A Case Study of the Lekgophung Tourism Lodge, South Africa

"The Lekgophung Lodge is a community-owned wildlife tourism lodge, located in the western part of the Madikwe Game Reserve in the North West Province of South Africa. The Lekgophung community is settled near the western boundary of this protected ...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based li...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Rural Settlement

"This report considers the issue of rural settlement in South Africa and examines what settlement support rural households have access to and how effective this support is in creating sustainable settlements.The focus of this report is 'rural' in...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land Redistribution

"The land reform programme of the South African government is conventionally described as having three legs: restitution, tenure reform and redistribution. While restitution deals specifically with historical rights in land, and tenure reform with...

Social Reproduction, Accumulation and Class Differentiation: Small-scale Sugarcane Growers in Mtubatuba, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

"This paper argues that the rise and decline of small-scale sugarcane grower (SSG) production in KwaZulu-Natal must be historically located within a changing structural relationship with miller-processors, in turn conditioned by shifts in regulato...

Commercialisation, Deagrarianisation and the Accumulation/Reproduction Dynamic: Massive Maize Production Schemes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

"The post-apartheid era has seen the South African government trying to reverse ‘deagrarianisation’ in the former homelands by introducing ‘modern’ farming techniques and agribusiness principles. This paper situates the massive maize schemes curr...

The Next Great Trek? South African Commercial Farmers Move North

"This paper analyses the shifting role of South African farmers, agribusiness and capital elsewhere in southern Africa and the rest of the continent. It explores recent expansion trends, investigates the interests and agendas shaping such deals, a...

What is a 'Smallholder'?: Class-analytical Perspectives on Small-Scale Farming and Agrarian Reform in South Africa

"This paper argue that a class-analytic perspective centred on the key concepts of ‘petty commodity production’ and ‘accumulation from below’ is essential for understanding the differentiated character and diverse trajectories of small-scale agri...

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