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Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Final Report

"This research has been organised mainly within the categories of the official land reform policy. Detailed information is presented in the first nine reports of this series. This final report presents, in Section 3, summary information on progres...

The Trouble with Poverty: Reflections on South Africa's Post-Apartheid Anti-Poverty Consensus

"This paper considers the state of poverty discourse in South Africa since 1994: the ideological frameworks, narratives and assumptions that have shaped the construction of poverty as an object of academic knowledge, policy management and politica...

Nasruddin's Key: Poverty Measurement and the Government of Marginal Populations

"This paper considers the role of ‘measurement’ and other forms of poverty knowledge in a context where the nature and direction of global economic growth is creating ‘surplus populations’ suffering various forms of marginalisation in the global e...

The Occupational Dimensions of Poverty and Disability

"In the first section we clarify the theoretical and research background to the paper. We then address occupation in greater depth, highlighting the features of occupational poverty and agency with which disabled people and their households approa...

More to Life than Economics and Livelihoods: The Politics of Social Protection and Social Development in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper is divided into five sections: an introductory section that includes a review of critical concepts currently underpinning social policy and anti-poverty debates gobally and in South Africa; a second section exploring key social policy ...

Social Protection, Citizenship and the Employment Relationship

"This paper addresses the issues of social protection, citizenship and the employment relationship through the lens of South Africa. All ideologies of welfare have at their heart assumptions both about the nature of the relationship between the st...

Crew Members in South Africa's Squid Industry: Whether they have Benefitted from Transformation and Governance Reforms

"Although crew members form bedrock of the squid industry, they have not benefited from the transformation and governance reforms because: the harvesting technique necessitates incentivisation of individual effort; they are highly mobile; and the ...

Trading on a Grant: Integrating Formal and Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks

"The paper begins with a brief description of the broader context of vulnerability and poverty experienced in post-apartheid migrant networks. This is followed by a brief summary of what the case studies revealed about the informal social protecti...

Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks: Vulnerability, Social Networks and Reciprocal Exchange in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa

"This paper considers the dynamics of informal social protection in the context of chronic poverty and vulnerability in post-apartheid migrant networks. It argues that in poor and marginalised households in South Africa, the indirect impacts of so...

In Search of South Africa's 'Second Economy': Chronic Poverty, Economic Marginalisation and Adverse Incorporation in Mt Frere and Khayelitsha

"Since 2003 South African policy discourse about persistent poverty has been dominated by the notion that poor people stay poor because they are trapped in a 'second economy' disconnected from the mainstream 'First-World Economy'. This paper consi...

CBNRM, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: Developing Criteria for Evaluating the Contribution of CBNRM to Poverty Reduction and Alleviation in Southern Africa

"This research paper explores the relationships between community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), poverty reduction/alleviation and rural livelihoods. The objectives of this paper are as follows: • to explore the current understanding...

A Critical Appraisal of South Africa's Market-based Land Reform Policy: The Case of the Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development (LRAD) Programme in Limpopo

"The focus of this report is market-based land reform. The topic is addressed primarily through a critical examination of the implementation of LRAD in Limpopo province. Chapter 2 discusses some of the main land reform debates and experiences in...

Joint Ventures and Livelihoods in Emerging Small-scale Irrigation Schemes in Greater Sekhukhune District: Perspectives from Hereford

"The research was primarily concerned with the impact of BEE, articulated through joint ventures, on the ‘livelihoods’ of people living in emerging small-scale irrigation schemes in some of the least affluent rural areas within the municipality....

Business Models in Land Reform

"This paper reviews the types of business models, or landuse models, being implemented in land reform projects involving the transfer of rural land to communities and other groups in South Africa, under both the restitution and redistribution pro...

The Impact of Land Restitution and Land Reform on Livelihoods

"This thematic paper investigates emerging trends evident in the limited literature available on the impact of land restitution on livelihoods, and suggests ways of thinking about, and planning for, livelihoods. The paper has a two-fold emphasis:...

Land Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in South Africa: The Livelihood Impacts of Smallholder Agriculture under Land Reform

"The first objective was to develop a comprehensive picture of each project in terms of its membership, its activities and its internal organisation. The second was to situate the projects within their wider context, which included the local commu...

Contesting the Food System in South Africa: Issues and Opportunities

"Rising food prices have become a growing concern globally and in southern Africa. In South Africa, where food availability is not an issue at present, the response has been to try to improve access to food, mostly through the provision of grants ...

Vulnerability and Social Protection at the Margins of the Formal Economy: Case Studies from Khayelitsha and the Eastern Cape

"This report sets out the results of an in-depth study of livelihood strategies and ‘coping mechanisms’ among poor people in one very specific, but highly significant context of poverty in South Africa. Its core concrete concern is with social g...

Reframing the New Alliance Agenda: A Critical Assessment Based on Insights from Tanzania

"A dedicated investment in smallholder farmers to enable them to improve their land use and productivity is critical to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth in African countries. The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition focuses on pub...

The Impact of People-centred Approaches to Natural Resource Management on Poverty Reduction

"Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is often promoted by governments, NGOs and donors as a means of reducing poverty in rural communities, particularly through income-generation from various natural resource-based activities. CBNR...

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