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International and Regional Guidelines on Land Governance and Land-based Investments: An Agenda for African States

"Global and regional guidelines have been developed in the period 2009–2014 to improve land governance in the context of large-scale land acquisitions in developing countries. These provide an opportunity for affected countries to make necessary...

Land Reform in South Africa: A Status Report 2008

"This Status Report looks at the state of land reform over the period 2005 to early 2008, with a particular focus on land redistribution. This is appropriate for a number of reasons. First, in the context of extreme inequality in landholding, par...

Strategies to Support South African Smallholders as a Contribution to Government's Second Economy Strategy: Volume 1: Situation Analysis, Fieldwork Findings and Main Conclusions

"This study is a response to a request from those developing the Second Economy Strategy to help identify the key elements of an implementable programme to support the smallholder sector. At the core of the exercise was a set of case studies of ‘...

Joint Ventures in Agriculture: Lessons from Land Reform Projects in South Africa

"This report begins by setting out the context for these types of joint ventures, within the context of the South African land reform programme (Chapter 2). Particular attention is paid to the restitution dimension of land reform, which aims to r...

Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District

"The main objective of this report is to examine the outcomes and impacts that arise from the withdrawal or bankruptcy of a large-scale, land-based investment in Tanzania, and to use this evidence to draw insights for policy and practice around l...

Land and Agrarian Reform in Integrated Development Plans (IDPs)

"DPLG identified the need to examine what municipalities are doing to promote land and agrarian reform by evaluating IDPS, which all municipalities are required to develop to guide their activities and expenditure over five-year periods.In re...

Business Models in Land Reform

"This paper reviews the types of business models, or landuse models, being implemented in land reform projects involving the transfer of rural land to communities and other groups in South Africa, under both the restitution and redistribution pro...

The Impact of Land Restitution and Land Reform on Livelihoods

"This thematic paper investigates emerging trends evident in the limited literature available on the impact of land restitution on livelihoods, and suggests ways of thinking about, and planning for, livelihoods. The paper has a two-fold emphasis:...

Land Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in South Africa: The Livelihood Impacts of Smallholder Agriculture under Land Reform

"The first objective was to develop a comprehensive picture of each project in terms of its membership, its activities and its internal organisation. The second was to situate the projects within their wider context, which included the local commu...

Land Reform and Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Complementary or in Conflict

"A major challenge for government is to reconcile land reform and biodiversity conservation policies in contested geographical areas.This paper aims to improve understanding of the conflicts that have arisen between land reform and conservation, ...

Contested Land Tenure Reform in South Africa: The Namaqualand Experience

"The legacy of apartheid land policy in South Africa remains one of the most conspicuous manifestations of past injustices. To correct this legacy, diverse land reform efforts have centred on the constitutional mandate for land restitution, redis...

Land Politics, Trust Relations in Government and Land Reform in South Africa: Experiences from the Western and Northern Cape Provinces

"The land question, as it is posed academically in South Africa, is at the cutting edge of the development debate. Should land held by poor peasants, often under some kind of communal tenure, be reorganised as private property and absorbed into t...

State, Market or the Worst of Both? Experimenting with Market-based Land Reform in South Africa

"The concept of ‘market-based land reform’ has been central to policy debates in southern Africa for the past twenty-five years. During that time meanings and values ascribed to the concept have evolved considerably, with significant differences b...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Final Report

"This research has been organised mainly within the categories of the official land reform policy. Detailed information is presented in the first nine reports of this series. This final report presents, in Section 3, summary information on progres...

Rights without Illusions: The Potential and Limits of Rights-based Approaches to Securing Land Tenure in Rural South Africa

"This paper focuses only on tenure reform and its aims to secure the land rights of: farm workers and farm dwellers living on privately-owned land, and residents of the former 'reserves' or Bantustans, now known as communal areas. Summarising the...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based li...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Joint Ventures

"Joint ventures (JVs) are an increasingly common feature of the process of land and agrarian reform in South Africa. They involve black people who currently have land rights or who are land reform beneficiaries and will be receiving a government s...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Rural Settlement

"This report considers the issue of rural settlement in South Africa and examines what settlement support rural households have access to and how effective this support is in creating sustainable settlements.The focus of this report is 'rural' in...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Farm Tenure

"This report investigates to what extent these policies have succeeded in securing the existing tenure of farm dwellers or providing them with long-term secure rights to alternative land. The report describes the intentions of these policies, the ...

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