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Changes in South Africa's Global Agricultural Trade Regime, 1996-2013

The paper begins by analysing the changes in the total export and total import values to and from the trading partners identified above, and the changing shares of total value held by each partner. The next section focuses on the major products tr...

Status Report on Land and Agricultural Policy in South Africa, 2010

"Agriculture plays numerous roles in society. The most obvious is to produce food (and, to a lesser extent, fibre). While agriculture is the mainstay of the rural economy, it also shapes social relations and landscapes. In some countries, this is ...

Strategies to Support South African Smallholders as a Contribution to Government's Second Economy Strategy: Volume 1: Situation Analysis, Fieldwork Findings and Main Conclusions

"This study is a response to a request from those developing the Second Economy Strategy to help identify the key elements of an implementable programme to support the smallholder sector. At the core of the exercise was a set of case studies of ‘...

Strategies to Support South Africa Smallholders as a Contribution to Government's Second Economy Strategy: Volume 2: Case Studies

"This is Volume 2 of the study ‘Strategies to Support South African Smallholders as a Contribution to Government’s Second Economy Strategy.’ It contains the accounts of the 16 case studies that comprised the main ‘data’ for the analysis presented ...

Joint Ventures in Agriculture: Lessons from Land Reform Projects in South Africa

"This report begins by setting out the context for these types of joint ventures, within the context of the South African land reform programme (Chapter 2). Particular attention is paid to the restitution dimension of land reform, which aims to r...

Forgotten by the Highway: Globalisation, Adverse Incorporation and Chronic Poverty in a Commercial Farming District

An analysis of the livelihoods of the off-farm poor in Ceres has highlighted several key issues and redressed some important imbalances. In the first place, it has shown up the importance of going beyond narrow money-metric approaches and rathe...

The Rise and Decline of Small-Scale Sugarcane Production in South Africa A Historical Perspective

"South Africa’s sugar industry has long been distinguished by its large number of small-scale sugarcane growers (SSGs) farming on ‘communal’ land and its peculiar, privately administered regulatory structure. In recent years, however, the number o...

Narratives of Scarcity: Understanding the 'Global Resource Grab'

"Global resource scarcity has become a central policy concern, with predictions of rising populations, natural resource depletion and hunger. Resulting narratives of scarcity drive behaviour and justify actions to harness resources considered ‘und...

Livelihoods and Sharing: Trends in a Lesotho Village, 1976 - 2004

"This study is meant to contribute to CARE Lesotho’s Livelihoods Recovery through Agriculture Programme, as it seeks to understand how Basotho livelihoods are evolving and how traditional modes of inter-household support are responding to new kind...

The Role of the State and Foreign Capital in Agricultural Commercialisation: The Case of Sugarcane Outgrowers in Kilombero district, Tanzania

The main research question is: what effect has privatisation of Kilombero Sugar Company had on its operations and surrounding communities? The paper contributes to the debate on large-scale land acquisition and agricultural commercialisation in s...

Rights without Illusions: The Potential and Limits of Rights-based Approaches to Securing Land Tenure in Rural South Africa

"This paper focuses only on tenure reform and its aims to secure the land rights of: farm workers and farm dwellers living on privately-owned land, and residents of the former 'reserves' or Bantustans, now known as communal areas. Summarising the...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and...

Social Reproduction, Accumulation and Class Differentiation: Small-scale Sugarcane Growers in Mtubatuba, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

"This paper argues that the rise and decline of small-scale sugarcane grower (SSG) production in KwaZulu-Natal must be historically located within a changing structural relationship with miller-processors, in turn conditioned by shifts in regulato...

Commercialisation, Deagrarianisation and the Accumulation/Reproduction Dynamic: Massive Maize Production Schemes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

"The post-apartheid era has seen the South African government trying to reverse ‘deagrarianisation’ in the former homelands by introducing ‘modern’ farming techniques and agribusiness principles. This paper situates the massive maize schemes curr...

The Case for Re-Strategising Spending Priorities to Support Small-Scale Farmers in South Africa

"This paper summarises what is known about South Africa’s public expenditure trends in respect of small-scale farmers, and discusses the growing contradictions between the policy priority placed on small-scale farming and the adequacy of support p...

Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large sca...

Commons Governance in Southern Africa

"This Policy Brief is based on synthetic studies undertaken by participants in the Cross Sectoral Commons Governance in Southern Africa (CROSCOG) project between 2007 and 2009. The objective of the project was to share existing research and exper...

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In thes...

Land Use and Rural Livelihoods: Have they been Enhanced through Land Reform?

"It is often assumed that transferring land to rural households will provide people with valuable assets that can be productively used to enhance their livelihoods. Unfortunately, few rural people or land reform beneficiaries are perceived to be ...

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 2

"There is an ongoing debate about the sustainability of South African communal rangelands as old views on overgrazing and degradation are being widely challenged.This case study titled Grazing management and sustainability in a land reform pilot ...

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