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Central African Republic (CAR) Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and security r…

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. Howev…

Zimbabwe Conflict Insight

Between gaining independence from the British in April 1980 and 21 November 2017, the Republic of Zimbabwe was ruled by Robert Mugabe, the leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANUPF). Two decades after independence, Zimbab…

Promoting Peace in the Great Lakes Region: What are the Other Options?

The current political tension between Burundi and Rwanda has not only proven to be a threat to economic activities and human lives. It equally has the greater danger of escalating into a sub-regional crisis in the East African Community (EAC) (here…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

Kingdom of Lesotho: Conflict Insight

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded entirely by South Africa. It has a population of about 2.2 million and a total land area of 30.4 square kilometers. Since gaining independence from British rule in 1966, Lesotho has faced var…

Sierra Leone Conflict Insight

In March 2018, Sierra Leone held a general election to elect a new president, members of parliament, and local councils. It was the fourth cycle of elections since the end of the decade-long civil war (1992-2002) when 70,000 people were killed and 2…

Guinea Bissau Conflict Insight

Guinea Bissau is a country located on the coast of West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of a mainland on the continent - where the majority of the population lives - and close to 80 archipelagos on the ocean, of which only 20 are habite…

Africa-Japan Relations in the Context of Global Peace and Security: The Need for a Well-Tailored Policy

The seventh Tokyo International Conference on Africa’s Development (TICAD VII) will be held in Yokohama, Japan from August 28 to 30, 2019. Two of the three specific agendas of the conference will directly and indirectly focus on issues of peace and …

Somalia: Conflict Insight

Located in the Eastern part of Africa, Somalia is one of the world’s most geographically strategic countries, connecting the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Aden. During the colonial era, Somalia was divided into five states: Italian Soma…

Mali: Conflict Insight

The Republic of Mali is located in the heart of the West Africa Sahel region. Between 1990 and 2017, its population increased from 8.5 to 18.5 million, with 41.6% of the population currently concentrated in urban areas. Its economy relies on agricul…

Cameroon: Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to national, regional and continental decision makers in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments. Sitting at the cross roads of West and Central Africa, Camer…

Burkina Faso: Conflict Insight

Considered as a model of stability for at least two decades in a region destabilised by crises (Liberia and Sierra Leone from the late 1980s to the early 2000s, Côte d’Ivoire 2002-2011 and Mali since 2012), Burkina Faso was shaken in 2014 by popular…

Mozambique: Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and policy implications to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and securi…

Ethiopia: Conflict Insights

Ethiopia, located in the Horn of Africa, is one of the continent’s oldest independent countries that served as a symbol of African independence during the colonial period. As a founding member of the United Nations and the Organization of African Un…

Egypt: Conflict Insights

Egypt, the most populous Arab country with the largest Arab army, is a key regional power in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The country’s economy relies mainly on agriculture, tourism, oil and gas, Suez Canal revenues, remittances from Eg…

Algeria: Conflict Insight

Algeria is a constitutional presidential system based on a bicameral legislation. Political power is dominated by the army and intelligence services, and centralized in the hands of opaque circles of unelected rulers commonly referred to as “Le Pouv…

Afsol Journal: Journal of African-Centered Solutions in Peace and Security Vol 3 (II)

The first article is titled “The Great Lakes Region (GLR) Security Complex: Lessons for the African Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol) Approach”. This paper applies the Regional Security Complex Theory to establish a pattern of security interd…

The Nile Rivalry and Its Peace and Security Implications: What Can the African Union Do?

The key points addressed in this policy brief are as follows: (1) Addressing Ethiopia’s and the other parties concern, the GERD and the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) signify a paradigmatic shift in relationships among Nile riparian countries…

Violent Extremism in the Lake Chad Basin Region: Evolution and Impact of Boko Haram

Terrorism and violent extremism remain significant threats to peace and security in Africa. While no country is immune to these threats, countries bordering Lake Chad have been particularly susceptible. The Lake Chad Region, comprising Nigeria, Nige…

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