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African Centred Solutions: Building Peace and Security in Africa

This book comprises nine chapters focusing on the theoretical foundation for exploring and investigating the AfSol concept, offering examples and applications of AfSol practices aimed at addressing peace and security challenges. Chapter two - Interr…

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). This …

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terrori…

Anthology of Peace and Security Research Volume 3

"The first theses in this anthology was written by Abraha Tesfay, who discusses the dynamics of inter-communal conflict in North-East Ethiopia by using the cases of the Wejerat in Tigray and neighboring Afar. The second paper was written by Alagan A…

The 2nd Meeting of the China Africa Think Tanks Forum, October 12-13, 2012, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

This report covers the second meeting of the China-Africa Think Tanks Forum and includes background information on the founders as well as the host organization. A summary of the papers presented at the 4 breakaway sessions are included. Breakaway s…

Promoting Peace in the Great Lakes Region: What are the Other Options?

The current political tension between Burundi and Rwanda has not only proven to be a threat to economic activities and human lives. It equally has the greater danger of escalating into a sub-regional crisis in the East African Community (EAC) (here…

Promoting Greater Youth Inclusion and Participation for Better Peace-building in the Mano River Basin

For several decades, youth in the Mano River Basin were marginalized by their states, which subjected them to social injustices that left them angry and disillusioned. The result was the involvement of young people in more than a decade of violent…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

Sierra Leone Conflict Insight

In March 2018, Sierra Leone held a general election to elect a new president, members of parliament, and local councils. It was the fourth cycle of elections since the end of the decade-long civil war (1992-2002) when 70,000 people were killed and 2…

Guinea Bissau Conflict Insight

Guinea Bissau is a country located on the coast of West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of a mainland on the continent - where the majority of the population lives - and close to 80 archipelagos on the ocean, of which only 20 are habite…

Africa-Japan Relations in the Context of Global Peace and Security: The Need for a Well-Tailored Policy

The seventh Tokyo International Conference on Africa’s Development (TICAD VII) will be held in Yokohama, Japan from August 28 to 30, 2019. Two of the three specific agendas of the conference will directly and indirectly focus on issues of peace and …

Cameroon: Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to national, regional and continental decision makers in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments. Sitting at the cross roads of West and Central Africa, Camer…

Mozambique: Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and policy implications to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and securi…

Ethiopia: Conflict Insights

Ethiopia, located in the Horn of Africa, is one of the continent’s oldest independent countries that served as a symbol of African independence during the colonial period. As a founding member of the United Nations and the Organization of African Un…

Egypt: Conflict Insights

Egypt, the most populous Arab country with the largest Arab army, is a key regional power in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The country’s economy relies mainly on agriculture, tourism, oil and gas, Suez Canal revenues, remittances from Eg…

Algeria: Conflict Insight

Algeria is a constitutional presidential system based on a bicameral legislation. Political power is dominated by the army and intelligence services, and centralized in the hands of opaque circles of unelected rulers commonly referred to as “Le Pouv…

Afsol Journal: Journal of African-Centered Solutions in Peace and Security Vol 3 (II)

The first article is titled “The Great Lakes Region (GLR) Security Complex: Lessons for the African Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol) Approach”. This paper applies the Regional Security Complex Theory to establish a pattern of security interd…

The Nile Rivalry and Its Peace and Security Implications: What Can the African Union Do?

The key points addressed in this policy brief are as follows: (1) Addressing Ethiopia’s and the other parties concern, the GERD and the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) signify a paradigmatic shift in relationships among Nile riparian countries…

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