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Border Governance for African Integration: Progress and Challenges

"This Report is aimed at two immediacies. The first is for it to serve the purpose of an instant aide memoire for the Colloquium participants. The second is to disseminate information about the Colloquium further afield. The Handbook is organized in…

A Delicate Balance: Land Use, Minority Rights and Social Stability in the Horn of Africa

"The authors of the various chapters examine whether investments amount to an additional threat to the lives and livelihoods of pastoralists (the others being climate change, land degradation, conflict, invasive species and others) or if investments…

Anthology of Peace and Security Studies Volume 4

"The first paper in this anthology is “The practice on inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi- GelaAloworeda”. The paper focuses on the Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi-gela…

African-centred Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol): Workshop Report

"The objective of the workshop was to define and refine the concept of AfSol (African-centred Solutions in Peace and Security) through presentations followed by in-depth discussions and debates. The discussions led to a common understanding on certa…

A Year in Review: 2014

This report reviews IPSS’s year of 2014. It contains messages from the IPSS and the APSP/IPSS Directors, looks at the education and professional development during the year and the e-learning. The report also includes research and policy dialogues i…

Statement by IPSS during the Open Session of the AU Peace and Security Council held on Wednesday, 14 January 2015, on the Theme: Prevention of Election related Conflicts in Africa

"The statement was presented as recommendations to the AU/PSC, taking cognisance of the spectrum of issues and concerns increasingly associated with elections in Africa. The recommendations are divided into three categories: Prevention, Monitoring a…

Engaging Higher Academic Institutions in African Peace and Security Affairs: What Can We Learn from African Vice-Chancellors’ Debate in 2015?

"Africa has several security challenges. Among others, the main ones are related to management of diversity, illegal migration, human trafficking, and illicit financial flow. These security problems have not only contributed to civil wars and humani…

Africa and the Growth of Violent Radicalization in the Name of Islam: The Need for a Doctrine Revision Approach

"The fourth Tana Forum focused on the topic of Secularism and Politicized Faith. The Forum was preceded two weeks earlier by the horrific massacre of university students in Kenya by violent Muslim radicals and ended just when innocent Ethiopian work…

Trends and Importance of Discussing Peace and Security in Africa: Tana High-Level Forum

"This is a policy brief that aims to follow the trends and importance of the Tana High-Level Forum (THLF) discussions and link such discussions to the future trends of African peace and security. The question raised in this paper is: What in the the…

Peace, Federalism and Human Rights: Papers presented at the first Graduate Conference on Peace, Federalism and Human Rights

The first edition of the Graduate Conference was held on 12 and 13 August 2015 at the premises of the Institute. Of the 15 papers presented during the conference, eleven are included in this publication. The objective of the paper titled “ Insights…

Food Insecurity in the Horn of Africa and its Impact on Peace in the Region

The link between food insecurity and peace and security has become one of the centres of academic policy and political discourses. Particularly, in the Horn of Africa, there is a close link between exposure of countries to external or internal confl…

Implication of COVID-19 for Peace and Security in the Lake Chad Basin Region

The Lake Chad Basin Region (LCBR), which basically consists of fringe territories in Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon, is notoriously fragile and highly unstable. The region is largely characterised by violent extremism and cross-border crimes. Wit…

Chad Conflict Insights

The Republic of Chad is a landlocked country in north central Africa and a home to over 1501 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Besides its rich ethnic and linguistic diversity, French and Arabic are the two official languages of the country, w…

The Rise and Root Causes of Islamic Insurgency in Mozambique and its Security Implication to the Region

The rise of jihadi insurgency in Mozambique’s northern province of Cabo Delgado is attributed to multidimensional causes: social and economic factors, influence of radical preachers and endogenous process of extremism advancement in the province. It…

Reforming the African Peace and Security Architecture: Options for Effective Clarity of Roles between the African Union and Sub-regional Organizations

The uncertainties relating to the specific roles of the African Union (AU) and sub-regional organizations have raised debates on how to effectively delimit the responsibilities of African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) institutions in the co…

Tunisia Conflict Insights

After independence from France in 1956, the Republic of Tunisia engaged in significant reforms to create a modern state under the rule of a political class led by the first president, Habib Bourguiba. Since then, Tunisia has seen two major political…

Niger Conflict Insights

Niger is grappling with violent extremism and trans-boundary crimes which are cross-cutting security concerns shared with its neighbours including Mali, Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Burkina Faso and Benin. Niger has historically had consistent mining re…

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Conflict Insights

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is Central Africa’s largest country with a surface area comparable with Western Europe, and one of the world’s most resourced countries. As a primary producer, its economy is made up of agriculture, fishing, mi…

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