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The Intricate Road to Development: Government Development Strategies in the Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa

"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsized …

Border Governance for African Integration: Progress and Challenges

This Report focused at two immediacies, of which the first is, to be an instant aide memoire for the Colloquium participants. It is, in this regard, intended to keep the subject of the Colloquium alive and assist participants to remain engaged with …

Leadership in Africa: What we Learn from Mandela

The key to good governance and development is leadership. Yet, governance on the continent has been characterized by the absence of good leadership. For too long the African narrative has been a dysfunctional one: neocolonialism, underdevelopment,…

A Year in Review: 2014

This report reviews IPSS’s year of 2014. It contains messages from the IPSS and the APSP/IPSS Directors, looks at the education and professional development during the year and the e-learning. The report also includes research and policy dialogues i…

Statement by IPSS during the Open Session of the AU Peace and Security Council held on Wednesday, 14 January 2015, on the Theme: Prevention of Election related Conflicts in Africa

"The statement was presented as recommendations to the AU/PSC, taking cognisance of the spectrum of issues and concerns increasingly associated with elections in Africa. The recommendations are divided into three categories: Prevention, Monitoring a…

Africa-Japan Relations in the Context of Global Peace and Security: The Need for a Well-Tailored Policy

The seventh Tokyo International Conference on Africa’s Development (TICAD VII) will be held in Yokohama, Japan from August 28 to 30, 2019. Two of the three specific agendas of the conference will directly and indirectly focus on issues of peace and …

China-Africa Relations Governance, Peace and Security

"Relations between China and Africa have been gathering pace and getting depth since a couple of decades ago. In the wake of the 21st century, China-Africa ties have been further cemented in both the political and economic spheres. Both Africa and C…

Unpacking the Significance of African Continental Free Trade Area for Africa and its People

With free trade under attack in much of the developed world, Africa is forging a new path for itself to foster sustainable wealth and development for the continent. On 21 March 2018, AU leaders met in Rwanda to finalise the signing of a new trade ag…

Food Insecurity in the Horn of Africa and its Impact on Peace in the Region

The link between food insecurity and peace and security has become one of the centres of academic policy and political discourses. Particularly, in the Horn of Africa, there is a close link between exposure of countries to external or internal confl…

Implication of COVID-19 for Peace and Security in the Lake Chad Basin Region

The Lake Chad Basin Region (LCBR), which basically consists of fringe territories in Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon, is notoriously fragile and highly unstable. The region is largely characterised by violent extremism and cross-border crimes. Wit…

Military Coup and its Effect on the Democratization Process in Mali and in the Region

A military coup d’état that took place in Mali in August 2020 brought about the dissolution of the democratically elected government of President Ibrahim Keita. Military coups have a long history in West Africa and this coup is the fourth in Mali’s …

Chad Conflict Insights

The Republic of Chad is a landlocked country in north central Africa and a home to over 1501 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Besides its rich ethnic and linguistic diversity, French and Arabic are the two official languages of the country, w…

Burundi-Rwanda Relations: The Road to Normalization

Growing tensions between Burundi and Rwanda have not only affected the social and economic well-being of both countries, but also threatened regional security and successful regional economic integration envisaged to take place through the implement…

The Rise and Root Causes of Islamic Insurgency in Mozambique and its Security Implication to the Region

The rise of jihadi insurgency in Mozambique’s northern province of Cabo Delgado is attributed to multidimensional causes: social and economic factors, influence of radical preachers and endogenous process of extremism advancement in the province. It…

Reforming the African Peace and Security Architecture: Options for Effective Clarity of Roles between the African Union and Sub-regional Organizations

The uncertainties relating to the specific roles of the African Union (AU) and sub-regional organizations have raised debates on how to effectively delimit the responsibilities of African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) institutions in the co…

Tunisia Conflict Insights

After independence from France in 1956, the Republic of Tunisia engaged in significant reforms to create a modern state under the rule of a political class led by the first president, Habib Bourguiba. Since then, Tunisia has seen two major political…

Niger Conflict Insights

Niger is grappling with violent extremism and trans-boundary crimes which are cross-cutting security concerns shared with its neighbours including Mali, Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Burkina Faso and Benin. Niger has historically had consistent mining re…

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Conflict Insights

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is Central Africa’s largest country with a surface area comparable with Western Europe, and one of the world’s most resourced countries. As a primary producer, its economy is made up of agriculture, fishing, mi…

The Republic of the Congo: Conflict Insights

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to national, regional and continental decision makers in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments. The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville i…

Benin: Conflict Insights

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to national, regional and continental decision makers in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments. The Republic of Benin is a coastal country located in West A…

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