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China-Africa Relations Governance, Peace and Security

"Relations between China and Africa have been gathering pace and getting depth since a couple of decades ago. In the wake of the 21st century, China-Africa ties have been further cemented in both the political and economic spheres. Both Africa and C…

The Intricate Road to Development: Government Development Strategies in the Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa

"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsized …

Border Governance for African Integration: Progress and Challenges

This Report focused at two immediacies, of which the first is, to be an instant aide memoire for the Colloquium participants. It is, in this regard, intended to keep the subject of the Colloquium alive and assist participants to remain engaged with …

Leadership in Africa: What we Learn from Mandela

The key to good governance and development is leadership. Yet, governance on the continent has been characterized by the absence of good leadership. For too long the African narrative has been a dysfunctional one: neocolonialism, underdevelopment,…

A Year in Review: 2014

This report reviews IPSS’s year of 2014. It contains messages from the IPSS and the APSP/IPSS Directors, looks at the education and professional development during the year and the e-learning. The report also includes research and policy dialogues i…

Statement by IPSS during the Open Session of the AU Peace and Security Council held on Wednesday, 14 January 2015, on the Theme: Prevention of Election related Conflicts in Africa

"The statement was presented as recommendations to the AU/PSC, taking cognisance of the spectrum of issues and concerns increasingly associated with elections in Africa. The recommendations are divided into three categories: Prevention, Monitoring a…

Nigeria Conflict Insight

The modern state of Nigeria was the product of a merger, by the British, of the North and Southern Protectorates with the Colony of Lagos in 1914. Prior to the amalgamation, the country had been home to numerous kingdoms and tribes over millennia. …

The Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: What Africa should demand from the World and from Itself

The movement of people today, whether voluntary or forced, regular or undocumented, or within or beyond borders, constitutes a complex process highlighting some of the most tragic, intricate and contentious issues of governance and diplomatic relati…

Libya Conflict Insight

Libya achieved independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship in 1951 as an amalgamation of three former Ottoman provinces, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan under the rule of King Mohammed Idris. In 1969, King Idris was deposed in a coup stag…

Burundi Conflict Insight

Since gaining independence in 1962, Burundi has experienced several violent conflicts, including a civil war that took place between 1993 and 2005. The common denominator of these conflicts was the politicization of divisions between the Hutu and Tu…

Africa Mining Vision: Prospects and Challenges for Implementing Countries

The Africa Mining Vision (AMV), endorsed by the African Union (AU) in February 2009, is a regional policy framework that seeks to address the paradox of a resource-rich continent that continues to see enduring poverty. In order to encourage a cont…

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). This …

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearheade…

Central African Republic (CAR) Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and security r…

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africani…

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terrori…

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. Howev…

Zimbabwe Conflict Insight

Between gaining independence from the British in April 1980 and 21 November 2017, the Republic of Zimbabwe was ruled by Robert Mugabe, the leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANUPF). Two decades after independence, Zimbab…

Taking Our Security into our Hands: The Role of Vigilante Groups in the Fight against Boko Haram Terrorist Group in the Lake Chad Basin

The rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria and its spread to other parts of Lake Chad Basin has triggered the proliferation of several community defense forces, otherwise known as vigilante groups. This policy brief reveals that faced with Boko Haram attac…

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