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Africa at 50+: Still Searching for the “Political Kingdom”

For the 21st century to become “Africa’s century”, it would require strong political leadership from the top—leadership that is committed and capable of mobilizing the population around a common “national project.” In the coming decades, African lea…

Brexit: Lessons for Regionalism in Africa

Many European Union (EU) member states and their citizens were shocked by the Brexit outcome, forcing them to re-evaluate the costs and benefits of EU membership. This policy brief addresses the factors that led to the referendum decision and quest…

African Centred Solutions: Building Peace and Security in Africa

This book comprises nine chapters focusing on the theoretical foundation for exploring and investigating the AfSol concept, offering examples and applications of AfSol practices aimed at addressing peace and security challenges. Chapter two - Interr…

Enhancing Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (PSOs) Capacities in Africa: Any Role for China?

This study joins the debate around two major developments, within the broad rubric of a burgeoning China Africa cooperation in peace and security, and interrogates China’s contribution in enhancing Africa’s multidimensional PSO capabilities as part …

Nigeria Conflict Insight

The modern state of Nigeria was the product of a merger, by the British, of the North and Southern Protectorates with the Colony of Lagos in 1914. Prior to the amalgamation, the country had been home to numerous kingdoms and tribes over millennia. …

The Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: What Africa should demand from the World and from Itself

The movement of people today, whether voluntary or forced, regular or undocumented, or within or beyond borders, constitutes a complex process highlighting some of the most tragic, intricate and contentious issues of governance and diplomatic relati…

Libya Conflict Insight

Libya achieved independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship in 1951 as an amalgamation of three former Ottoman provinces, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan under the rule of King Mohammed Idris. In 1969, King Idris was deposed in a coup stag…

Burundi Conflict Insight

Since gaining independence in 1962, Burundi has experienced several violent conflicts, including a civil war that took place between 1993 and 2005. The common denominator of these conflicts was the politicization of divisions between the Hutu and Tu…

Africa Mining Vision: Prospects and Challenges for Implementing Countries

The Africa Mining Vision (AMV), endorsed by the African Union (AU) in February 2009, is a regional policy framework that seeks to address the paradox of a resource-rich continent that continues to see enduring poverty. In order to encourage a cont…

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). This …

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearheade…

Central African Republic (CAR) Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and security r…

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africani…

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terrori…

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. Howev…

Zimbabwe Conflict Insight

Between gaining independence from the British in April 1980 and 21 November 2017, the Republic of Zimbabwe was ruled by Robert Mugabe, the leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANUPF). Two decades after independence, Zimbab…

Taking Our Security into our Hands: The Role of Vigilante Groups in the Fight against Boko Haram Terrorist Group in the Lake Chad Basin

The rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria and its spread to other parts of Lake Chad Basin has triggered the proliferation of several community defense forces, otherwise known as vigilante groups. This policy brief reveals that faced with Boko Haram attac…

Promoting Peace in the Great Lakes Region: What are the Other Options?

The current political tension between Burundi and Rwanda has not only proven to be a threat to economic activities and human lives. It equally has the greater danger of escalating into a sub-regional crisis in the East African Community (EAC) (here…

Promoting Greater Youth Inclusion and Participation for Better Peace-building in the Mano River Basin

For several decades, youth in the Mano River Basin were marginalized by their states, which subjected them to social injustices that left them angry and disillusioned. The result was the involvement of young people in more than a decade of violent…

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