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The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innoce…

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised the …

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives were …

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one has …

Taming the Demon of Kenya’s Election Violence A Strategy for the National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC)

"The year 2008 became Kenya’s annus horribilis – violence by Kenyans against Kenyans was broadcasted to the world. But 2008 was also Kenya’s annus mirabilis – the year that marked a new beginning shaped by the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliat…

Human Development as a Pathway to Transformed and Peaceful Societies Trends from Kenya's Ungoverned Spaces

This paper deals with human development as an inclusive pathway to peace in Kenya, which is considered within the context of state capacity as well as the choices available to individuals. In many nations, peace and security are a function of sound …

National and Regional Responses to the Cabo Delgado Crisis: Failures and Opportunities for Change

Northern Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province has been the site of an escalating insurgency since 2017. As the severity of the insurgency has grown, so too has the potential for the conflict to negatively impact upon the wider region. SADC’s response …

Gender(ed) Perspectives: An analysis of the ‘Gender Perspective’ in the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC’s Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-based Crimes

This policy brief analyses the gender perspective in the Policy Paper. In Part I, the brief discusses the contributions of the Policy Paper, particularly as it pertains to institutionalising an approach that eschews the marginalisation of sexual an…

Wounded Memories: Perceptions of Past Violence in Burundi and Perspectives for Reconciliation

This report presents the results of a research project conducted in Burundi between October 2017 and May 2018. The aim of the research was to identify violations perpetrated in the context of political and ethnic conflicts and how they affect Burund…

How at Risk is the Central African Republic from Violent Extremism?

This report examines the need for early warning and response on violent extremism in the Central African Republic (CAR). Between October and November 2021, over 30 stakeholders were interviewed in field research conducted in Bangui and Bouar. The re…

Ensuring the Success of the Central African Republic’s Truth, Justice, Reparations and Reconciliation Commission

The Central African Republic has a dire need for transitional justice, as expressed in the outcomes of high-level meetings, such as the Bangui Forum. In 2020, a law was passed establishing a Truth, Justice, Reparations and Reconciliation Commission.…

Assurant le Succès de la Commission Vérité, Justice, Réparations et Réconciliation de la République Centrafricaine / Ensuring the Success of the Central African Republic’s Truth, Justice, Reparations and Reconciliation Commission

The Central African Republic has a dire need for transitional justice, as expressed in the outcomes of high-level meetings, such as the Bangui Forum. In 2020, a law was passed establishing a Truth, Justice, Reparations and Reconciliation Commission.…

Building Youth Resilience to Extremism in Mozambique: Perspectives from Cabo Delgado

Mozambique’s ongoing conflict, waged by the Islamist group Ahlu-Sunna Wa-Jama’a (ASWJ), is expected to continue for at least three more years, according to newly appointed Mozambican defence minister Cristóvão Chume. This is optimistic, as the ongoi…

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