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Vehicles for Accountability or Cloaks of Impunity? How can National Commissions of Inquiry Achieve Accountability for Violations of the Right to Life?

The establishment of national commissions of inquiry is a common governmental response in the aftermath of crisis, including allegations of major human rights violations. Proponents of such commissions suggest that they are a more flexible, partic...

Africa and the Remaking of Global Order

This paper makes the case for Africa to play a role in remaking global order. This is based on the need to address geopolitical insecurity as well as the continent’s need to redress its historical exclusion from the design of the international sys...

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed inno...

Regional Reconciliation in Africa: Policy Recommendations for Cross Border Transitional Justice

The content of this Policy Brief comprises the aforementioned DIRCO-IJR Policy Workshop, and it discusses the strategies that governmental, inter-governmental and civil society institutions can adopt and implement to more effectively promote and...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era f...

Perceptions of Economic Security and Well-Being

It was reported - In the first set of results that were released from the 2015 South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) Survey - that more than two thirds of respondents felt that they have little to no trust in South Africans of racial grou...

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and...

Opportunities for Gender Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"This Policy Brief explores the nexus of gender justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. It addresses women’s historical engagement in reconciliation processes in South Sudan at the grassroots and national levels and highlights their achievement...

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustaina...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s report on the results of round 12 of the Reconciliation Barometer survey offers some deeper insights into the views, opinions and beliefs of young South Africans, particularly around the issues of political participation, the economy,...

“Building Fair and Inclusive Societies after Conflict: A Focus on Civil Society”

"Civil society initiatives are being undertaken in a number of countries in transition to contribute to the building of sustainable peace processes. Recognising that governments may face challenges in terms of implementing capacity and political w...

National Healing and Reconciliation in Zimbabwe: Challenges and Opportunities

"The purpose of this paper is to critically examine issues concerning transitional justice in Zimbabwe after a decade of politically motivated intra-conflicts. The Zimbabwean case highlights the importance of critically examining the relevance of ...

Economic Transformation Beyond 2010: Short-term Remedies and Long-term Strategies

"In the wake of the 2009 general elections, and in the midst of a global recession, a new political guard, representing the post-Polokwane power shift within the African National Congress, took the reins of government. The composition of the new Z...

Transformation Audit 2012 The Youth Dividend Unlocking the Potential of Young South Africans

"This edition of the Transformation Audit makes young people its focal point; accordingly, most of the articles have been written or co-written by emerging young scholars and practitioners. The review articles are incisive, and the opinion artic...

The ICC and Community-Level Reconciliation: In-Country Perspectives Regional Consultation Report

"The discussions at the Regional Consultation focused on three themes: peace and justice; cooperation and complementarity; as well as the rights of victims. The theme on peace and justice examined the evident tension between peace initiatives in...

SA Reconciliation Barometer Report 2010

"Section II analyses survey results related to human security, and finds that despite moderate recent improvements in perceptions of physical security, positive evaluations of economic security have declined between 2009 and 2010, and since the ou...

The Labour Market Chapter 2

"This paper has tried to demonstrate that COSATU remains extremely powerful and influential in South African society, particularly because of its close relationship with the ruling party, the ANC. This power and influence would be the envy of ma...

The Kenyan Elections Within a Reconciliation Framework

"The next general election, slated for 4 March 2013, will mark yet another turning point in the history of Kenya. The current Policy Brief provides an analysis of the electoral process in Kenya, identifying it as an important and contributing fact...

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against human...

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives wer...

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