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The Kenyan Elections Within a Reconciliation Framework

"The next general election, slated for 4 March 2013, will mark yet another turning point in the history of Kenya. The current Policy Brief provides an analysis of the electoral process in Kenya, identifying it as an important and contributing fact...

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against human...

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives wer...

African Perspectives on the Appointment and Mandate of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-recurrence

"On 26 September 2011 the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) passed resolution A/HRC/RES/18/7, creating a new special-procedures mandate for a Special Rapporteur (SR) on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-r...

Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement Viewed Through the Eyes of the Women of South Sudan

"This paper discusses the experiences of South Sudanese women in this new time of peace. By exploring women’s agency and victimisation during the war, the paper argues that the current celebrated liberation and peace, while it has been successful ...

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically t...

Moving Forward Traditional Justice and Victim Participation in Northern Uganda

"Traditional justice practices are increasingly considered as a potential mechanism for conflict resolution and transitional justice. Northern Uganda is a case in point: traditional justice practices such as Mato Oput are about to be used for reso...

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one ha...

Gender Justice and Reconciliation in Northern Uganda

"The war in Northern Uganda between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and Government of Uganda (GoU) forces dates back to 1986. In 2006, the Juba Peace Talks were held between the GoU and the LRA, mediated by Riek Machar, the Vice President of Sout...

On Corruption in South Africa An Alternative Interpretation for the Case of the Police Service

"This paper seeks to shed some light on the complexities of the phenomenon of corruption and, by extension,institutional performance. It focuses on the SAPS to illustrate its assertions. As a key institution responsible for social order in a count...

Mapping Women's Needs in Zimbabwe's National Healing Process

"The paper aims to offer policymakers insights that they can use to drive the inclusion of gender justice within transitional justice processes. Written against the background of rising expectations, fears and anxieties about Zimbabwe’s socio-poli...

S A Reconciliation Barometer Tracking Socio Political Trends Vol 10 Iss 3

"In this issue, our focus returns to South Africa and, our own ongoing challenges in transition, it comes in the aftermath of the killings at Marikana, amid a protracted series of strikes in other mines and different sectors, and in the frenzied b...

Elections in Zimbabwe: A Recipe for Tension or a Remedy for Reconciliation?

"In this paper I seek to provide an in-depth analysis of Zimbabwe’s elections from 1980 to 2008, with a view to establishing whether they have been a recipe for deepening tension and conflict, or a remedy for reconciliation and a source of pol...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure an...

Transitional Justice Options for Zimbabwe: A Guide to Key Concepts

"Post-conflict justice involves a delicate balance between peace, justice and reconciliation. Managing these issues is difficult and may take a very long time, especially within a highly divisive political context such as that of Zimbabwe. The sit...

Zimbabwe's Constitutional Reform Process: Challenges and Prospects

"This paper examines Zimbabwe’s constitutional-reform process. The first section traces the background to constitutional reform in Zimbabwe. A brief discussion of the Constitutional Commission’s draft of 1999/2000 is followed by a description of t...

The ICC and Community-Level Reconciliation: In-Country Perspectives

"The ICC interventions in Africa have precipitated debate about the role of transitional justice processes in stabilising war-affected and post-authoritarian countries. The focus of this Regional Consultation was therefore timely and relevant to t...

Critical Lessons in Post-Conflict Security in Africa: The Case of Liberia’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission

"This paper reviews the causes of the conflict, the political settlement that was eventually arrived at in order to bring the conflict to an end as well as the nature of the major transitional justice mechanism that was implemented along with its ...

Money and Morality 2006 Transformation Audit

"The thematic focus of the Transformation Audit this year enables us to present, in addition to our regular research updates, some studies relevant to that concern of many South Africans: enrichment and official malpractice. This covers a spectrum...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s report on the results of round 12 of the Reconciliation Barometer survey offers some deeper insights into the views, opinions and beliefs of young South Africans, particularly around the issues of political participation, the economy,...

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