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"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and...

Opportunities for Gender Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"This Policy Brief explores the nexus of gender justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. It addresses women’s historical engagement in reconciliation processes in South Sudan at the grassroots and national levels and highlights their achievement...

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustaina...

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed inno...

Regional Reconciliation in Africa: Policy Recommendations for Cross Border Transitional Justice

The content of this Policy Brief comprises the aforementioned DIRCO-IJR Policy Workshop, and it discusses the strategies that governmental, inter-governmental and civil society institutions can adopt and implement to more effectively promote and...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era f...

Wounded Memories: Perceptions of Past Violence in Burundi and Perspectives for Reconciliation

This report presents the results of a research project conducted in Burundi between October 2017 and May 2018. The aim of the research was to identify violations perpetrated in the context of political and ethnic conflicts and how they affect Buru...

Safety and perceptions of safety

The survey revealed that fear of crime did not only have a female face, but that men also experienced vulnerabilities – thus portraying men not only as perpetrators. In addition, the study showed that Indian and black African respondents reported ...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seek...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying ...

Vehicles for Accountability or Cloaks of Impunity? How can National Commissions of Inquiry Achieve Accountability for Violations of the Right to Life?

The establishment of national commissions of inquiry is a common governmental response in the aftermath of crisis, including allegations of major human rights violations. Proponents of such commissions suggest that they are a more flexible, partic...

Africa and the Remaking of Global Order

This paper makes the case for Africa to play a role in remaking global order. This is based on the need to address geopolitical insecurity as well as the continent’s need to redress its historical exclusion from the design of the international sys...

Towards a Social Cohesion Index for South Africa using SARB Data

The aim of this paper is to create a measurement for national-level social cohesion in South Africa, by creating an index of variables that provide insight into what it is that holds our society together and conversely, what causes division within...

Gender(ed) Perspectives: An analysis of the ‘Gender Perspective’ in the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC’s Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-based Crimes

This policy brief analyses the gender perspective in the Policy Paper. In Part I, the brief discusses the contributions of the Policy Paper, particularly as it pertains to institutionalising an approach that eschews the marginalisation of sexual ...

Perceptions of Economic Security and Well-Being

It was reported - In the first set of results that were released from the 2015 South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) Survey - that more than two thirds of respondents felt that they have little to no trust in South Africans of racial grou...

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised th...

The Kenyan Elections Within a Reconciliation Framework

"The next general election, slated for 4 March 2013, will mark yet another turning point in the history of Kenya. The current Policy Brief provides an analysis of the electoral process in Kenya, identifying it as an important and contributing fact...

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against human...

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives wer...

African Perspectives on the Appointment and Mandate of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-recurrence

"On 26 September 2011 the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) passed resolution A/HRC/RES/18/7, creating a new special-procedures mandate for a Special Rapporteur (SR) on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-r...

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