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"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and...

Opportunities for Gender Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"This Policy Brief explores the nexus of gender justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. It addresses women’s historical engagement in reconciliation processes in South Sudan at the grassroots and national levels and highlights their achievement...

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustaina...

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed inno...

Regional Reconciliation in Africa: Policy Recommendations for Cross Border Transitional Justice

The content of this Policy Brief comprises the aforementioned DIRCO-IJR Policy Workshop, and it discusses the strategies that governmental, inter-governmental and civil society institutions can adopt and implement to more effectively promote and...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era f...

Perceptions of Economic Security and Well-Being

It was reported - In the first set of results that were released from the 2015 South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) Survey - that more than two thirds of respondents felt that they have little to no trust in South Africans of racial grou...

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised th...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seek...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying ...

The Kenyan Elections Within a Reconciliation Framework

"The next general election, slated for 4 March 2013, will mark yet another turning point in the history of Kenya. The current Policy Brief provides an analysis of the electoral process in Kenya, identifying it as an important and contributing fact...

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against human...

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives wer...

African Perspectives on the Appointment and Mandate of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-recurrence

"On 26 September 2011 the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) passed resolution A/HRC/RES/18/7, creating a new special-procedures mandate for a Special Rapporteur (SR) on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-r...

Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement Viewed Through the Eyes of the Women of South Sudan

"This paper discusses the experiences of South Sudanese women in this new time of peace. By exploring women’s agency and victimisation during the war, the paper argues that the current celebrated liberation and peace, while it has been successful ...

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically t...

Moving Forward Traditional Justice and Victim Participation in Northern Uganda

"Traditional justice practices are increasingly considered as a potential mechanism for conflict resolution and transitional justice. Northern Uganda is a case in point: traditional justice practices such as Mato Oput are about to be used for reso...

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one ha...

Gender Justice and Reconciliation in Northern Uganda

"The war in Northern Uganda between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and Government of Uganda (GoU) forces dates back to 1986. In 2006, the Juba Peace Talks were held between the GoU and the LRA, mediated by Riek Machar, the Vice President of Sout...

On Corruption in South Africa An Alternative Interpretation for the Case of the Police Service

"This paper seeks to shed some light on the complexities of the phenomenon of corruption and, by extension,institutional performance. It focuses on the SAPS to illustrate its assertions. As a key institution responsible for social order in a count...

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