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Horn of Africa and COVID-19: Peace and Security Implications and Possible Policy Options

This brief is an outcome of the webinar conference held on July 16, 2020 and co-hosted by the HORN Institute and the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS) at the University of Nairobi. The webinar brought together leading scholars …

Impact of COVID-19 on P/CVE: Setting the Research Agenda

COVID-19 pandemic has brought the world to a near standstill with widespread direct and indirect consequences spanning public health, socio-economic, political, and security dimensions. In the Horn of Africa, the pandemic has presented yet another l…

The Threat of Kenyan Al Shabab Recruits and Returnees: Emphasizing the Soft Approach to Managing 'Home-grown Terror'

This brief explores the question of radicalization, recruitment, and involvement of Kenyan youth in al Shabab’s terror. It examines motivations behind these trends and pathways to recruitment of Kenyan youth by foreign terrorist groups. To stop home…

Securing the Nation: Responding to the Changing Terror Tactics After DusitD2 Attack

On January 15, 2019, Somalia-based Islamic terror group al Shabab attacked DusitD2, a business complex in Nairobi that also houses a hotel, killing 21 people, and injuring many more. The DusitD2 shares a compound with offices of international compan…

Mapping Dynamics and Perceptions of Violent Extremism: A Study of Nature, Drivers and Perceptions of Muslim Women and Girls Toward Violent Extremism in Kenya

To date, research on Violent Extremism (VE) has devoted less attention on the place and role of women in recruitment and radicalization. As a result, strategies and programs aimed at preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) have largely bee…

Managing Spoilers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This Policy Brief analyses spoilers in peace efforts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and how to manage them. It posits that managing spoilers in a hybrid conflict requires a comprehensive, tailored, and sensitive approach. Spoilers pos…

The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effective Prevention and Counter-terrorism Strategies

The HORN Institute organized an international conference on terrorism and violent extremism on 24 – 26 April, 2018 in Nairobi (Kenya). The theme of the conference was The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effect…

Revitalizing Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in Burundi

In mid-2015, Burundi descended into a political crisis. As the humanitarian situation escalated, African Union (AU), United Nations (UN), and the East African Community (EAC) sought to intervene under Responsibility to Protect (R2P). The AU, however…

The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effective Prevention and Counter-terrorism Strategies - Policy Brief

The HORN Institute organized an international conference on terrorism and violent extremism on April 24 – 26, 2018, in Nairobi (Kenya). The theme of the conference was The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effec…

Conflict Transformation in Kenya: What Raila Odinga-Uhuru Kenyatta Handshake Should Mean

This policy brief proposes full conflict transformation as an approach to sustainable peace in Kenya. Such a process will involve change of social relations from negative to positive through addressing root causes of conflict by changing attitudes, …

Overcoming Ethnically Motivated Poll Violence in Kenya

Violence expressly motivated by ethnic hatred and ethnic conflict is increasingly defining general elections in Kenya. This policy brief, which focusses on the period between 2007 and 2017, highlights the main issues that promote poll violence in th…

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