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Winning Kenyans' Hearts and Minds in the Fight Against COVID-19

In the six months since Kenya confirmed her first COVID-19 case, the country has instituted several measures and allocated at least 84 billion shillings to contain the disease. Despite these, Kenya’s caseload has increased from one case on March 13,…

Retreat to Nationalism in the 21st Century Globalization: Lessons for Africa from COVID-19

This brief is an outcome of the webinar conference held on July 16, 2020 and co-hosted by the HORN Institute and the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS) at the University of Nairobi. The webinar brought together leading scholars …

Horn of Africa and COVID-19: Peace and Security Implications and Possible Policy Options

This brief is an outcome of the webinar conference held on July 16, 2020 and co-hosted by the HORN Institute and the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS) at the University of Nairobi. The webinar brought together leading scholars …

Flirting with Hyenas: How External Interests are Fuelling Instability in the Horn of Africa

This study examines how external factors are destabilizing the Horn of Africa region. The objective is to demonstrate how external commercial, geostrategic, political, and military interests are contributing significantly to this phenomenon, and exp…

Open-ended Conscription in Eritrea's National Military Service: Here is How to Improve the Policy

The school of thought – that conscription is a gross violation of liberty and freedom, and that it is detrimental to the development of a country and its citizens – has been increasingly accepted. Eritrea adopted the policy of forced national servic…

Crisis in Sudan: Pathways to Stability

This policy brief highlights the dynamic political history of Sudan under the recently deposed president, Omar al-Bashir, up until the current political transition in the country. The brief proffers various options for long-term stability and peace …

Towards Peaceful Waters: Resolving the Kenya-Somalia Maritime Conflict

The tragedy of commons is that parties acting in self-interest often seek to exploit a common resource in ways that is detrimental to the collective good and mutual interest of interested parties. In international relations, such self-interested act…

Preventing Human Rights Violations by External Economic Involvement in the Wider Horn of Africa Security Complex

Countries in the wider Horn of Africa security complex are experiencing increasing involvement from external economic and security actors. Several countries, multinationals, and non-state armed groups have set up shop, influencing existing dynamics …

Retreat to Nationalism in the 21st Century Globalization: Lessons for Africa from COVID-19 - Conference Report

The conference was organized to provide a platform for African scholars and policy practitioners to deliberate on the challenges to globalization occasioned by COVID-19 pandemic and the resultant containment measures. Specifically, the conference se…

The Kenya-Somalia Maritime Boundary Dispute Threatens Kenya's Regional Transport and Logistics Hub Ambitions

The ongoing maritime boundary dispute between Kenya and Somalia over 62,000 square miles of maritime territory is awaiting determination by the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Overlapping positions by the two countries on their common maritime…

South Sudan Power Sharing Agreement and Intricate Realities: Conceptual and Critical Reflections

Power sharing agreements has been a tool for peace-making in Africa for many years. In recent times, such settlements ended the post-election violence in Kenya (2007/2008) and Zimbabwe (2008/2009). This article will examine the theoretical underpinn…

Impact of COVID-19 on P/CVE: Setting the Research Agenda

COVID-19 pandemic has brought the world to a near standstill with widespread direct and indirect consequences spanning public health, socio-economic, political, and security dimensions. In the Horn of Africa, the pandemic has presented yet another l…

Kenya: Phases of the COVID-19 Pandemic - Containing the Spread and Reducing the Impact

In December 2019, a new strain of coronavirus – now COVID-19 – originating from Wuhan City, China was discovered. COVID-19 infections have since spread all over the world. Stretching of medical and health resources, economic shocks, social upheavals…

COVID-19 in Kenya: Containment, Mitigation, Recovery, Reopening

This report presents considerations for containment, mitigation, recovery, and reopening (CMRR) to ensure a seamless, organized, and sustainable exit from the coronavirus pandemic in Kenya. The proposals for a systematic and organized exit, will hop…

The Threat of Kenyan Al Shabab Recruits and Returnees: Emphasizing the Soft Approach to Managing 'Home-grown Terror'

This brief explores the question of radicalization, recruitment, and involvement of Kenyan youth in al Shabab’s terror. It examines motivations behind these trends and pathways to recruitment of Kenyan youth by foreign terrorist groups. To stop home…

COVID-19 in Kenya: Perceptions of Kenyans on Government Communication and Mass Testing

55% of the respondents said the government communication on COVID-19 was useful. 26% said it was clear while 12% thought it was poor. 74% of respondents said they would be ready for a COVID-19 test to find out their COVID-19 status. 73% of them said…

Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This policy brief examines the December 2018 presidential elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). It posits that in hybrid regimes, where tendencies of liberal democracies and authoritarianism remain present, neo-patrimonialism and …

The Revitalized Agreement for Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS): Addressing the Challenges to Power Sharing

This brief critically analyses the R-ARCSS (signed on September 12, 2018 to ‘end’ the 2013-2018 South Sudanese civil war) and explores options for finding enduring peace in the country. Being a power sharing arrangement, the R-ARCSS might lead to a …

Perceptions of Kenyans on the Management of COVID-19 in Kenya

This paper discusses the perception of government performance regarding the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey highlights the citizens’ concern over increasing COVID-19 cases and the county preparedness to handle the epidemic.

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