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Evidence to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland

"In southern Africa, the predicted 2°C rise in temperature will destabilize farming systems. Coping mechanisms, livelihood strategies and the cost of adaptation options for smallholder farmers are not sufficiently understood in the region because ...

Appropriate Climate Smart Technologies for Smallholder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Nearly 70 per cent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) live in rural areas and rely mainly on agriculture for livelihood security. Low agricultural productivity in the region keeps this population under constant pressure, even though in...

Engaging Youth in Climate-Smart Agriculture

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has a unique population profile, with 44% of its population under the age of 15 in 2006, making it the youngest region of the world. Agriculture employs 65% of Africa’s labour force and accounts for 32% of gross domestic p...

Seeds without Borders

"It is the objective of this policy brief to review, reflect and discuss the challenges from the perspectives of technological, organizational, institutional, regulatory, and policy frameworks within the variety development-seed production-seed us...

Policies for Enhanced Livestock Productivity and Wealth Creation in a Changing Climate

Agriculture in Africa is changing rapidly. Agriculture and livestock systems are among the most climate sensitive economic sectors. The sector employs between 70 and 90 per cent of the total labour force in Africa and supplies up to 50 per cent ...

Climate Change Financing in Kenya

To date, Kenya has relied on various sources of climate finance, including international public and private sources, domestic public and private sources and carbon finance. Kenya's international climate finance landscape is very fragmented and has...

Factors Affecting Household Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Lowveld of Swaziland

"According to literature in Africa by 2020, between 75 and 250 million people will be exposed to increased water stress due to climate change. In some countries yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50%. Agricultural productio...

Institutional Arrangements and Policy Environment for Managing Risks for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Madagascar

Agriculture forms the livelihood of the overwhelming majority of Malagasy. The main staple crop is rice, occupying about two-thirds of all the available cropland. Producing staples include rice, maize, and cassava. Madagascar’s yields remain low d...

Policy and Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Disaster-Prone Areas of Zimbabwe

Agriculture in Zimbabwe is now predominantly driven by smallholder farmers. 90% of the farming land is in the hands of smallholder farmers practicing mixed crops and livestock production systems.The predominance of rain-fed crop production makes t...

Policy and Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster-Prone Areas of South Africa

South African agriculture has undergone substantial structural transformations especially after the establishment of the Union Government in 1910, the promulgation of the Natives Land Act of 1913 and subsequent legislation meant to benefit white c...

Cost Benefit Analysis of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Crop Production Systems in the Lowveld of Swaziland

"Challenges faced by smallholder rural subsistence farmers should be one of the key issues in policy and development discussions as they form 70% of the African populations and Swaziland is no exception. They manage large areas of agricultural pro...

Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster-Prone Areas of Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwean economy is driven by agriculture and the majority of the rural people depend on it for their livelihood. Agriculture contributes approximately 18% to Zimbabwe’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The diverse agro-climatic conditions enab...

Institutional Arrangements and Policy Environment for Managing Climatic Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster Prone Areas Synthesis Report

The report presents a synthesis of national studies from Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe to determine the institutional arrangements and policy environment for institutional arrangements for managing climatic risk for crop production...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Botswana

Botswana’s agriculture sector consists of crops and livestock production, and traditional farming remains the dominant farming system. The principal crops grown are sorghum, maize and millet. Cattle rearing is the main agricultural activity in Bo...

Climate-smart Agriculture in South Africa

The effects of climate change on agriculture are severe, and one of the most significant emerging challenges to household livelihoods in Africa. As such, it is imperative that efforts to address agriculture in the context of food security and rur...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Madagascar

The vulnerability of African countries, including Madagascar, to climate change is compounded by strong dependence on rain-fed agriculture and natural resources; high levels of poverty; low levels of human capital; low levels of preparedness for c...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Zimbabwe

Maize is the staple food crop in Zimbabwe, with millet, wheat, and barley also grown for the local market. Groundnuts/ peanuts and soya beans are also commonly grown. Tobacco is Zimbabwe’s most valuable crop. Cattle are the main livestock animal a...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Mozambique

The effects of climate change on agriculture are severe, and one of the most significant emerging challenges to household livelihoods in Africa. As such, it is imperative that efforts to address agriculture in the context of food security and rura...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Namibia

Cattle play a vital role in the agricultural economy of Namibia. As one of the driest countries on the planet, crop production is second to livestock in importance due to the presence of perennial grass species which are resistant to moisture stre...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Zambia

The agricultural sector has a dual structure, wherein large commercial farms co-exist with scattered smallholder agricultural households. The Zambian agriculture sector comprises crops, livestock and fisheries. The country's staple crop and most ...

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