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Evidence to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland

"In southern Africa, the predicted 2°C rise in temperature will destabilize farming systems. Coping mechanisms, livelihood strategies and the cost of adaptation options for smallholder farmers are not sufficiently understood in the region because ...

Appropriate Climate Smart Technologies for Smallholder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Nearly 70 per cent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) live in rural areas and rely mainly on agriculture for livelihood security. Low agricultural productivity in the region keeps this population under constant pressure, even though in...

Engaging Youth in Climate-Smart Agriculture

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has a unique population profile, with 44% of its population under the age of 15 in 2006, making it the youngest region of the world. Agriculture employs 65% of Africa’s labour force and accounts for 32% of gross domestic p...

Seeds without Borders

"It is the objective of this policy brief to review, reflect and discuss the challenges from the perspectives of technological, organizational, institutional, regulatory, and policy frameworks within the variety development-seed production-seed us...

Policies for Enhanced Livestock Productivity and Wealth Creation in a Changing Climate

Agriculture in Africa is changing rapidly. Agriculture and livestock systems are among the most climate sensitive economic sectors. The sector employs between 70 and 90 per cent of the total labour force in Africa and supplies up to 50 per cent ...

Climate Change Financing in Kenya

To date, Kenya has relied on various sources of climate finance, including international public and private sources, domestic public and private sources and carbon finance. Kenya's international climate finance landscape is very fragmented and has...

Factors Affecting Household Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Lowveld of Swaziland

"According to literature in Africa by 2020, between 75 and 250 million people will be exposed to increased water stress due to climate change. In some countries yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50%. Agricultural productio...

Institutional Arrangements and Policy Environment for Managing Risks for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Madagascar

Agriculture forms the livelihood of the overwhelming majority of Malagasy. The main staple crop is rice, occupying about two-thirds of all the available cropland. Producing staples include rice, maize, and cassava. Madagascar’s yields remain low d...

Policy and Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Disaster-Prone Areas of Zimbabwe

Agriculture in Zimbabwe is now predominantly driven by smallholder farmers. 90% of the farming land is in the hands of smallholder farmers practicing mixed crops and livestock production systems.The predominance of rain-fed crop production makes t...

Policy and Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster-Prone Areas of South Africa

South African agriculture has undergone substantial structural transformations especially after the establishment of the Union Government in 1910, the promulgation of the Natives Land Act of 1913 and subsequent legislation meant to benefit white c...

Cost Benefit Analysis of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Crop Production Systems in the Lowveld of Swaziland

"Challenges faced by smallholder rural subsistence farmers should be one of the key issues in policy and development discussions as they form 70% of the African populations and Swaziland is no exception. They manage large areas of agricultural pro...

Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster-Prone Areas of Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwean economy is driven by agriculture and the majority of the rural people depend on it for their livelihood. Agriculture contributes approximately 18% to Zimbabwe’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The diverse agro-climatic conditions enab...

Institutional Arrangements and Policy Environment for Managing Climatic Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Climate Disaster Prone Areas Synthesis Report

The report presents a synthesis of national studies from Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe to determine the institutional arrangements and policy environment for institutional arrangements for managing climatic risk for crop production...

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Zimbabwe

"This report presents the findings of a rapid review to determine the policies and politics that have shaped irrigation practice and performance in Zimbabwe over the past 40–50 years. We conducted a political analysis to assess how politics and s...

Pathways for Irrigation Development: Policies and Irrigation Performance in Tanzania

Amid global concerns over rising food and fuel prices, changing diets and climate change, irrigated agriculture has an important role to play in increasing food production in an uncertain and resource-constrained world. For many countries in sub-S...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Zambia

The agricultural sector has a dual structure, wherein large commercial farms co-exist with scattered smallholder agricultural households. The Zambian agriculture sector comprises crops, livestock and fisheries. The country's staple crop and most ...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Swaziland

Agriculture in Swaziland is dualistic – divided into commercial estates and subsistence farms, known as Swazi Nation Land (SNL). The commercial sector occupies about 40% of the cultivated land, and generates 80% of the national agricultural commod...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Uganda

Uganda’s agricultural sector covers a wide range of activities including the production of traditional cash crops (coffee, sugar cane, cotton and tea) and food crops (banana, cassava, maize, sorghum, finger-millet, potatoes and beans) and keeping ...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Lesotho

Smallholder farmers whose farms are generally less than 1 ha in size dominate the agricultural production in Lesotho. Agriculture in Lesotho is predominantly traditional, characterised by rain-fed cereal production and extensive animal grazing, wi...

Climate-smart Agriculture in Mauritius

Agriculture in Mauritius occupies about 40% of the land area and includes about 22,000 small-scale individual sugarcane planters, and about 12,000 small growers of food crops, tea, tobacco, palm, fruit and flowers. Agriculture in Mauritius is domi...

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