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Assessment of the Economic Costs of Electrical Power Outages in Swaziland

Electricity access has improved significantly since introduction of the National Energy Policy of 2003. However, challenges in electricity supply still exist due to the frequency of interruptions, which has resulted in harsh penalties and costs to t…

Quantifying the Living Wage in Swaziland: A Case of the Handicraft Sector

This study quantifies a living wage for rural and urban workers in the handicraft sector in Swaziland. It also compares the resultant living wage in between the two geographical areas. The study is interested in ascertaining the living wage in the h…

Socio-economic Impacts of the 2015/16 El Nino Induced Drought in Swaziland

The 2015/16 El Niño drought proved to be the worst drought Swaziland has experienced since 1992. In total nominal monetary terms, the drought cost Swaziland minimally E3.843 billion, representing a 7.01% of Swaziland’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) i…

Quantifying the Size and Development of the Shadow Economy in Swaziland

The size of the shadow economy has been declining at a slow rate over the past 16 years in Swaziland. The size of the shadow economy was found to be 37.4 % in 2016. This was equivalent to E20.5 billion of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016. Th…

Assessing the Impact of National Marketing Boards on Consumers and Producers' Welfare

Food production in Swaziland has historically been insufficient, even after the introduction of National Marketing Boards. This is despite their mandate emphasised in the National Development Strategy (NDS) and Agriculture Sector Policy to develop s…

The Socio-economic Impacts of the 2015/16 EL Niño Induced Drought in Swaziland - Report

This report provides detailed findings of an investigation into the socioeconomic impacts of the 2015/16 El Niño drought in Swaziland. It records the direct and indirect effects of the drought on the economy of Swaziland and documents how it has a…

Exploring the Relationship between Unemployment and Mental Illness among the Youth in Selected Communities in Eswatini

Studies have demonstrated that the effects and consequences of a lack of work has detrimental effects on one’s mental health. With high levels of youth unemployment presenting a threat to the country’s efforts to sustainable economic development th…

Economic Impact Analysis of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Eswatini: A Case of the Small Scale Enterprise Loan Guarantee Scheme (SSELGS)

Using data from 315 beneficiaries of the Small Scale Enterprise Loan Guarantee Scheme, this study assesses the impact of the Small Scale Loan Guarantee Scheme. The study assessed both the financial and economic additionality of the scheme. The study…

An Insight into Community-based Ecotourism in Eswatini: Theory versus Practice

The study provides a baseline of the performance of Community-based Ecotourism (CBET) ventures in Eswatini using primary data collected from 186 participants. The data was collected through face-to-face interviews amongst across five CBET sites. Des…

Stokvels: An Instrument for Income Generation and Wealth Creation?

Stokvels are increasingly being recognised as a solution to contribute to income generation and wealth creation, especially amongst low-income earners who are excluded from the formal financial markets. This study investigates the contribution of st…

Assessing the Relationship between Brain Drain and the Economy of Eswatini

Eswatini has been experiencing the brain drain phenomenon since the early 90s. Previous studies on the phenomenon attribute the brain drain to high unemployment and the labour market’s inability to absorb emaSwati. With that said, there are still no…

Financial Inclusion in Eswatini: What is Driving the Adoption of Mobile Money?

Mobile money has gained increasing importance and prominence in many sub-Saharan African countries and as a result, it is seen as a possible key to fast-tracking financial inclusion in developing countries including Eswatini. Although financial incl…

The Economic Benefits of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in the Kingdom of Swaziland: A Case of the National Handicraft Training Centre (NHTC)

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Swaziland is key for employment and self-employment opportunities which result in economic growth. TVET has proven to be an educational pathway that can be used to significantly reduce the un…

Inequality of Opportunities in Education in Eswatini

This study quantifies inequality of opportunity in education in Eswatini using Multiple Indicator Cluster and Demographic and Housing Surveys. Using the “ex-ante” approach, the study identifies potential sources of inequality at all levels of the ge…

Implications of Migration to Cost-reflective Tariffs in Eswatini's Electricity Sector

The study investigates the possible impacts of migrating to cost reflective tariffs in Eswatini’s electricity sector. This involves assessing the electricity consumptions patterns of the different electricity customer categories in relation to the …

Predictors of Food Insecurity in Swaziland: Lessons from the 2015/16 El Niño Induced Drought

The National Food Security Policy (NFSP) 2005 stresses recurrent droughts and the high incidence of HIV/AIDS in Swaziland as the major contributing factors towards adverse food insecurity in the country. Consistently, when droughts hit the country, …

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace in Swaziland: A Focus on the Private Sector and Non-Governmental Organisations

This report provides detailed findings of an investigation into workplace sexual harassment focusing on the private sector and non-government organisations (NGOs) in Swaziland. The analysis provides benchmark information on the nature and extent of …

The Implication of Teenage Pregnancies in Eswatini: A Trend and Spatial Analysis

This study assesses the extent of teenage pregnancy in Eswatini with a focus on public schools in the constituencies and region. In addition, the study examines which regions are affected by teenage pregnancies and adopts a Generalised Ordered Logit…

The Implications of COVID-19 on the Shadow Economy

Inevitably, people trading in the informal sector will be one of the hardest hit groups due to COVID-19. Given that businesses in the informal sector tend to be unregistered, many of them do not pay tax and so are generally not eligible for structur…

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