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Energy, Water and Climate Change in Southern Africa What are the Issues that Need Further Investment and Research?

"Southern Africa is a water-scarce region. Like other developing countries Southern African nations aspire to the living standards of industrialised countries. To achieve these standards more water and energy resources are needed to support economi…

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Achieving Universal Access to Electricity in South Africa

"Climate change, energy security and achieving universal electricity access for all households are all pressing issues that South Africa must address. These objectives need not be trade-offs, however, and achieving electricity access for the poor do…

Measuring the Rebound Effect of Energy Efficiency Initiatives for the Future: A South African Case Study

"This document represents an addendum to the report entitled “Measuring the rebound effect of energy efficiency initiatives for the future – A South African case study”, which was completed in March 2010. The addendum summarises the outcomes of a da…

Mitigating Climate Change Through Carbon Pricing: An Emerging Policy Debate in South Africa

"South Africa is considering how best to contribute its fair share to the global effort to mitigate climate change. The domestic policy debate is characterized by a vibrant engagement involving government, business, labour and civil society. The pol…

Assessing the Effectiveness of National Solar and Wind Energy Policies in South Africa

"The report assesses the progress made on renewable energy deployment for the solar and wind technologies over the last 12 years in South Africa. First the report assesses the potential contribution solar water heaters (SWHs), concentrating solar po…

South African Approaches to Measuring, Reporting and Verifying: A Scoping Report

"The South African government announced its intention to make emissions data reporting mandatory for emitters of more than a 0.1Mt of greenhouse gases per year in the 2011 National Climate Change Response White Paper. The government intends to estab…

South Africa’s Renewable Energy Policy Roadmaps

"This report is on developing South Africa’s renewable energy policy roadmaps. It is the final report for the second of two projects assigned to the Energy Research Centre by UNEP under its broader agenda of ‘enhancing information for renewable ener…

Large-Scale Rollout of Concentrating Solar Power in South Africa

"As part of Climate Strategies ‘International Support for Domestic Climate Policies’ project this paper assesses the large-scale rollout of CSP in South Africa. Described as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA), the scale of CSP deploym…

External Cost of Electricity Generation: Contribution to the Integrated Resource Plan 2 for Electricity

"The international studies on energy externalities and the local studies in South Africa suggest that the high impact areas for power generation are impacts of climate change and health impacts of outdoor air pollution. Climate change impacts are b…

Qualitative Assessment of Municipal Water Resource Management Strategies under Climate Impacts: the Case of the Northern Cape, South Africa

"This paper considers existing coping strategies in times of climate variability and proposes long term strategies for dealing with future projected climate change and variability. A qualitative strategy assessment methodology is proposed and test…

Solar Electrification by the Concession Approach in the Rural Eastern Cape: Phase 2: Monitoring Survey November 2003

"The present report focuses on the results of a second visit to households using Solar Home Systems (SHS) in the concession area of Eskom-Shell Ply in the Eastern Cape. It is to be regarded as a follow-up to the report circulated in March 2004, whic…

Leveraging Carbon Revenue for Poverty Alleviation

"This paper will describe the process of how a poor community in Umdoni, Kwazulu Natal (KZN) South Africa achieved GHG reductions and converted these into carbon revenues and then recycled the bulk of the revenue back into their community. A volun…

Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Technical Summary

"Climate change and its projected impacts provide a powerful reminder of why we are engaging in the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario process in the first place. The IPCC recently concluded that significant, predominantly negative impacts on human socie…

A Status Quo, Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment of the Physical and Socio-Economic Effects of Climate Change in the Western Cape

"Clear evidence of the early signs of anthropogenic climate change are evident in the temperature record in the Western Cape, and that rainfall trends, though more variable, also suggest some shifts in the “normal” climate regime. We suggest further…

Energy Policies for Sustainable Development in South Africa: Options for the Future

"Over the 25-year time frame considered here, energy efficiency makes the greatest impact when seen against indicators of sustainable development. Industrial efficiency, in particular, shows significant savings in energy and costs, with reductions i…

Clean Energy and Development for South Africa: Background data

“The study has three main objectives, firstly to update both the models and the data developed and captured during the first integrated energy planning process. Secondly, to project future scenarios for the South African energy system and determine…

Clean Energy and Development for South Africa : Results

"The objective of this document is to report on the scenarios considered and compare the costs and social impacts using the sustainability indicators. The scenarios reported on are the energy efficiency improvements in the commercial, industrial, t…

Possible Climate Change Impacts on Large Hydroelectricity Schemes in Southern Africa

"There is growing concern that developing countries, such as South Africa, should reduce their coal dependence for energy generation and look to other cleaner technologies. Hydroelectricity is one such option. A number of potential large hydro sites…

Climate Variability, Climate Change and Water Resource Strategies for Small Municipalities

"This study investigates the water resource management strategies in response to climate change in South Africa by drawing on the analysis of coping strategies adopted by small local municipalities in the Northern Cape province of South Africa in ti…

Framework for Adaptation to Climate Change in the City of Cape Town

"The 20th century has seen the greatest warning in the past thousand years due to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2001b). Climate models now predict that the atmosphere’s temperature wi…

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