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Mitigation Accounting under the Paris Agreement

Accounting for nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is an important component of the ‘rule-book’ required for effective implementation of the Paris Agreement. Robust mitigation accounting is needed for effective implementation and to stren...

An Assessment of New Coal Plants in South Africa’s Electricity Future: The cost, emissions and supply security implications of the coal IPP programme

South Africa’s coal base load independent power producer (IPP) procurement programme was launched in 2014, in line with the new coal capacity envisaged in the 2010 Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity (IRP2010) (DoE, 2011). Since the releas...

The Balance Sheet Summary: An Essential Tool for Transparency and Robust Accounting in Mitigation and Markets

This policy brief presents the concept of a nationally determined contribution (NDC) greenhouse gas (GHG) balance sheet. The concept was elaborated in a technical paper, which informed an official submission by South Africa. This brief should be r...

Comparative Analysis of the NDCs of Canada, the European Union, Kenya and South Africa from an Equity Perspective

In the lead-up to COP21 in Paris, 2015, all Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to communicate their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), which could include information on how the Party considers its INDC is fair and ambitious (1/...

The Potential of Electric Vehicles to Contribute to South Africa’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and other Developmental Objectives How Appropriate is the Investment in Electric Vehicles as a NAMA?

"Transport consumes 28% of final energy in South Africa, 97% of which is in liquid fuels, and subsequently contributes 13.1% of South Africa’s greenhouse gas(GHG)emissions. The sector is vital for economic development. As the demand for transport...

Sustainable Development Planning in South Africa: a Case of Over-Strategizing?

"Cross-governmental planning and coordinating policies are among the main challenges for sustainable, low carbon development. Why is sustainable development planning so ineffective? How can governments plan and coordinate public policy interventio...

Comments on the Carbon Tax Policy Paper issued by National Treasury in May 2013

"Climate change is real and already being observed – and it is a problem with some specific features. Climate change is a long-term problem requiring urgent solutions. For South Africa and globally, it is primarily an energy problem, that is, redu...

Investigating the Current and Future Roles of Paraffin in South Africa

"This study has explored the topic of current and future paraffin use by low-income households in South Africa and particularly issues around its desirability and necessity as part of the household fuel mix. As part of this, the viability of alter...

South African Approaches to Measuring, Reporting and Verifying: A Scoping Report

"The South African government announced its intention to make emissions data reporting mandatory for emitters of more than a 0.1Mt of greenhouse gases per year in the 2011 National Climate Change Response White Paper. The government intends to est...

Biofuel Policies in South Africa: A Critical Analysis

"In 2007 the South African government released the country’s National Biofuels Industrial Strategy targeting a biofuels market penetration of 2% of liquid road transport fuels by 2013. Contrary to the international situation, the main driver ...

MRV Across Multi Level Governance: National, Provincial and Municipal Institutions in South Africa

"This study suggests that there are already many MRV-related activities underway that can inform the national process and also demonstrated that there is a willingness of sub-national institutions to engage with the development of the national M&E...

Energy Management News Vol 19 No 4

This newsletter features several events. The headings are as follows: MAPS emerges as an alternative approach for green growth strategising in Africa highlights papers and opportunities from the CCDA-III conference in Addis Ababa. Nuclear outreach...

International Requirements for Transparency of Mitigation Actions

"Transparency of mitigation actions is an important element of the climate change regime, as negotiated under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The focus of this report is to provide a concise description of the o...

A Comparative Analysis of Emerging Institutional Arrangements for Domestic MRV in Developing Countries

"In brief, this paper presents key findings from the literature on MRV, specifically on the design and implementation of domestic MRV systems. It discusses the various domestic MRV schemes that were presented in our workshop, in terms of the cont...

Socio Economic Implications of Mitigation in the Power Sector Including Carbon Taxes in South Africa

It is very important, in a developing country like South Africa, that policies and measures aimed at achieving the country’s emissions reduction targets are not applied to the detriment of other national objectives. The reduction of poverty and in...

Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Vol 25 No 2

This journal comprises several excellent articles. "Challenges in household energisation and the poor" highlights the challenges to supply energy to the poor and the health risks of using traditional fuels. "Design of a low voltage DC microgrid sy...

Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Vol 24 No 4

This issue consists of several articles. A cost-benefit analysis of concentrator photovoltaic technology use in South Africa: A case study investigates the economic efficiency of the implementation of concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) technology in...

Energy Management News Vol 20 No 1

This journal issue comprises several interesting articles. The first article: Demonstrating renewable energy and energy efficiency opportunities in the wine industry discusses the risk factor for the wine industry as the availability of energy ...

Energy Futures Modelling for African Cities – Selecting a Modelling Tool for the SAMSET Project

One of the first steps of the SAMSET project - which support six African cities in three countries - is to develop an evidence base of their energy systems to support scenario-based planning exercises to explore the impacts of different sustainabl...

What does the Current NAMA-Space in South Africa Look Like?

"Internationally South Africa is regarded as a leader in Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) development, but is this actually the case? Similarly to other countries, South Africa has yet to formally submit a NAMA to the United Nations...

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