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Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever sinc…

The Seychelles Labor Market

This report, produced as a background paper to the World Bank Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD), provides a detailed overview of the Seychelles labor market. It emphasizes the relationship between changes to the overall structure of the economy a…

Minimum Wages in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Primer

In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)most countries have adopted minimum wage regulation. Although the sectors and fraction of workers covered are small, given the low rates of formality and urbanization in SSA, (i) as the number of covered workers grows, wa…

Labour and Unemployment in South Africa: Notes Towards a “Grand Bargain”

"The problematic is very clear: high unemployment, high inequality and low growth, combined with a lack of consensus on what to do. The last point is important. There is no shortage of specific actual policies and interventions, as well as specific…

Informality and Inclusive Growth in Sub Saharan Africa

The connection between informality and the inclusiveness of economic growth is quite complex and varies in different contexts. Firstly, the authors find that the informal sector promotes inclusive growth through providing an alternative to unemplo…

Investigating the Feasibility of a National Minimum Wage for South Africa

Currently in South Africa, minimum wages are organized through two main structures: Bargaining Councils (BC) and Sectoral Determinations (SD). Together, these cover close to 70 percent of low-wage workers in the country. More recently, however, th…

The South African Township Economy and Informal Micro - Enterprises : What are the Prospects for Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship?

Most youth will need to find employment in the informal sector, if they want to be employed. Yet data on labour force participation indicates that youth are not widely active in self-employed activities or informally employed in micro-enterprises. W…

The Post-Apartheid South African Labour Market

"This paper provides an analysis of some of the important changes that have occurred in the South African labour market since 1994. The paper presents the broad changes in employment, unemployment and labour force participation, finding substantial …

Costing, Comparing and Competing Developing an Approach to the Benchmarking of Labour Market Regulation

"The World Bank’s ‘Doing Business’ survey seeks to measure and compare the costs to business of various types of regulation, including labour regulation. As such it is an important driver of labour market ‘reform’ globally and in South Africa. It ma…

Sticking to the Facts: Official and Unofficial Stories about Poverty and Unemployment in South Africa

"Poverty’s major cause is unemployment. In the unlikely event that unemployment is halved by 2014, there will still be millions of people in South Africa in workerless households. The only way to address this is to develop a truly comprehensive so…

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic conc…

The Post-Apartheid Labour Market: 1995 -2004

"This paper’s chief objective is the analysis of some of the changes in the South African labour market in the post-apartheid era and the challenges the labour market presents in the successful attainment of shared growth. Section 2 looks at the lab…

Second Best? Trends and Linkages in the Informal Economy in South Africa

"The idea of a ‘second economy’ has become a feature of recent government economic policy. In this paper we focus on one important element of the second economy – the informal economy. We analyse the nature of the informal economy in South Africa, …

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper attem…

Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions

"Even though the South African economy is formally categorised as an upper-middle income country, it has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world. The economy’s unemployment rate stands officially at 26.7 per cent and 38.8 per cent. This c…

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. However,…

What has been Happening to Internal Labour Migration in South Africa, 1993-1999?

"The data that are available in nationally representative household surveys for the period 1993 to 1999 were explored. Three questions are being posed. First, what is the extent of temporary labour migration within South Africa and what trends emer…

The Labour Market in Post-Apartheid South Africa:A Brief Overview

"The aggregate data suggests that while employment expansion has been recorded since the first majority government, we need to be mindful that in terms of the economically active population and its growth over time, this job performance has been fa…

Poverty and Labour Market Markers of HIV+ Households: An Exploratory Methodological Analysis

"There are a number of causal studies that have been done on the relationship between poverty and HIV/Aids infection. Let us consider poverty not as a contributing cause of HIV/Aids infection, but rather as a reality of the infected individual. More…

Textiles and Clothing in SADC: Key Issues and Policy Perspectives

"Industrial sectors across the SADC region differ from one another in terms of size, structure and competitiveness. The shifting of market boundaries and the improvement of market access is going to have a significant impact on the size, structure …

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