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Mapping and Analysis of Privacy Laws and Policies in Africa - Summary Report

Privacy in the digital age has become a preeminent human rights issue, given its intricate connection with, and its being a foundation for the realisation of other rights such as freedoms of expression, information, assembly, and association. Yet, w…

Digital Rights in Zimbabwe, UPR Submission, Session 40

Digital rights and freedoms should be accorded the same protection as offline rights and freedoms. Protection of freedom of expression, access to information, data protection and privacy have been guaranteed in international and regional instruments…

Digital Rights in South Sudan, UPR Submission, Session 40

Digital rights and freedoms should be accorded the same protection as offline rights and freedoms. Protection of freedom of expression, access to information, data protection and privacy have been guaranteed in international and regional instruments…

Digital Rights in Uganda, UPR Submission, Session 40

Digital rights and freedoms should be accorded the same protection as offline rights and freedoms. Protection of freedom of expression, access to information, data protection and privacy have been guaranteed in international and regional instruments…

Zambia: Insights into the Data Protection Act 2021

The Zambian Constitution under article 17 provides for the right to privacy including the right not to be searched (person, home or property); not to have possessions seized; not to have information relating to family, health status and private affa…

Implications of Zambia's Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Act 2021 on Digital Rights

In March 2021, Zambia adopted the Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Act, 2021 following assent by President Edgar Lungu. The Act was passed amidst criticism that it was primarily aimed at policing the cyber space and gagging freedom of expression and …

Communications Capacity and Training Needs Assessment of African Digital Rights Organisations

The managers of the ADRF thus far indicate that organisations working in the digital rights arena have inadequate skills to effectively and proactively engage the media and to conduct effective public communications. As a consequence, digital rights…

How the COVID-19 Fight has Hurt Digital Rights in East Africa

The fight against the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda has dealt a blow to the promotion and preservation of human rights in the region. Moreover, the outbreak of COVID-19 could not have come at a worse time, as t…

How Telecom Companies in Africa can Respond Better to Internet Disruptions

The role of internet intermediaries, including mobile network operators, internet service providers, web hosting providers, social media platforms and search engines, is increasingly becoming critical as the internet permeates all aspects of society…

Assessing the Barriers to Accessing ICT to People with Disability in Tanzania

Persons with disabilities are among the most vulnerable groups in Tanzania. Like in many other countries, they are often under-educated, untrained, unemployed or underemployed, and poor. As such, they face numerous challenges including limited acces…

Advancing Strategic Litigation on Internet Shutdowns Cases in Africa: Promises and Pitfalls

This article discussed strategic litigation experiences in digital rights and identified opportunities that could be explored in Africa. It highlighted litigation experiences from local, regional, and international perspectives. Further, the article…

What Civic Technologies are being Used to Aid the Fight against COVID-19 in Africa?

While civic technology (civic tech) in Africa has been driven by the rapid growth in internet penetration and access to related infrastructure such as smartphones, it has also been influenced by citizens’ and communities’ need to engage on issues af…

State of Internet Freedom in Africa 2021: Effects of State Surveillance on Democratic Participation in Africa

Africa has increasingly become digitalised with technology playing a pivotal role in learning, working, and public participation. However, there is growing concern that rising state surveillance is not only undermining African citizens’ digital righ…

Lesotho: Sim and Device Registration Pose Major Threats to Data Protection and Privacy

The Kingdom of Lesotho has drafted the Communications (Subscriber Identity Module and Mobile Device Registration) Regulations, 2021. The regulations are to be made pursuant to section 55 of the Communications Act, 2012 and will apply to…

Advancing Digital Inclusion for Persons with Disabilities in Africa

Persons with disabilities have unique needs and have for long been disadvantaged. Yet the more some African countries get digitally connected, the deeper the digital divide for this community seems to grow. Despite growth in Information and Communic…

How African Governments Undermine the Use of Encryption

Encryption is the ability to encode communications (or information or data) so that only the intended recipient can access, read or understand them. As such, encryption technologies enable internet users to protect the confidentiality of their data …

Analysis of the South Sudan Cybercrimes and Computer Misuse Provisional Order 2021

South Sudan, the youngest country in Africa, requires technological transformation to enable economic development as well as freedom of expression and access to information. Article 22 of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011 guarantees …

Sudan's Bad Laws, Internet Censorship and Repressed Civil Liberties

This brief explores the repressive elements of media and technology-related laws in Sudan and how they have been used to undermine freedom of expression and other civil liberties in the aftermath of President Omar al-Bashir’s April 2019 overthrow. F…

Towards an Accessible and Affordable Internet in Africa: Key Challenges Ahead

The internet plays a vital role in the realisation of human development and facilitates the enjoyment of several human rights and freedoms, including the right to freedom of expression and information, the right to education, the right to assembly a…

Digital Taxation in Uganda: A Hindrance to Inclusive Access and Use of Digital Technologies

The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector in Uganda contributes up to 9% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Research shows that the sector has the potential to contribute to the country’s socio-economic transformation through inn…

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