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A Tale of Two Countries: A Comparison of Botswana and Zimbabwe's Diamond Industries

In 2012 SADC produced 56.1% of the rough diamonds globally, but was still one of the poorest regions. This report compares the development, constraints and stages of the diamond supply chain in Zimbabwe and Botswana. The mining legislation and barga…

Report on the Situation of Coal Mining in Hwange: Special focus on Hwange Colliery Company

After interaction with several community members the team discovered that coal mining in Hwange was doing more harm to the community and the environment than good. The situation in Hwange clearly showed that there is need to end destructive mining …

A Critique of the De-listing of ZMDC off the European Union Sanctions List

"On 16 September 2013, the European Union announced that Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC) would be removed from its list of sanctioned entities, pending formalization by EU Foreign Ministers. According to the statement ZMDC would be al…

Dark side of BRICS Investment

In October 2013, Zimbabwe’s government released its economic blueprint for the next five years, the Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim Asset). The policy focuses its funding on the BRICS. BRICS investments in Zimbabwe…

Beneficiation: A Case for Zimbabwe's Diamonds

Since the start of commercial diamond mining activities in Marange in 2009, Zimbabwe has been exporting thousands of jobs annually through the export of rough diamonds and by frustrating the fledgling local cutting and polishing industry. The govern…

Towards Implementation of the Washington Declaration in Zimbabwe: A Case for Formalizing Artisanal and Small Scale Diamond Mining in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is lagging behind other Kimberly Process Certification Scheme participants when it comes to bringing artisanal alluvial diamonds into legitimate chain of custody. The continued criminalization of artisanal diamond diggers in Marange is comp…

Illicit Financial Flows in Zimbabwe's Artisanal Mining Sector

Zimbabwe is severely affected by the problem of illicit financial flows (IFF) in the extractives industry. The artisanal mining sector is one of the worst affected sectors. Artisanal mining is a mostly povertydriven, rural activity which has debili…

Mining Sector Exemptions from the COVID-19 Lockdown: Motivations and Triggers - Key Highlights

Zimbabwe now relies heavily on mining. In 2019, mineral exports contributed US$2.9 billion, accounting for 55.2% of the country’s total export earnings and approximately 73% of the value of the National Budget. The 2020 National Budget of Zimbabwe w…

Mining Sector Exemptions from COVID-19 Lockdown: Motivations and Triggers - Special Report

On April 19, 2020 the President of Zimbabwe announced the extension of the National Lockdown period by an extra two weeks to contain the spread of the deadly COVID-19 pandemic. Part of the measures that constituted the first lockdown period include…

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