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Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"This study has explored why some women presenting in labour wards with unknown HIV status do not receive HTC at an ANC or do not accept HTC either during or after labour. Several contributing factors were found. The main system-related barriers t...

Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"Improving the uptake of HIV testing among women who have an unknown HIV status is essential to reducing the rates of MTCT. This study highlights a number of key issues that can be addressed through targeted programs and policies. The lack of ava...

The Impact of HIV on the Sexual Health of Kenya's Young Generation

"Kenyans aged 15-24 have been identified as particularly vulnerable to HIV, sexually transmitted infections and related health issues. Over the past two decades, Kenya’s Ministry of Health has recognized that reproductive health among youth requir...

Research or Treatment: Priorities in South Africa's HIV/AIDS Funding

"Worldwide, South Africa is the only country that makes a significant contribution to AIDS-related research while also having a high HIV prevalence rate. Following the discovery of anti-retroviral drugs, HIV/AIDS-related research is stabilizing in...

Swaziland, HIV/AIDS and the Global Fund

"The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has provided $76.2 million in much-needed financial assistance across close to 10 years to the Kingdom of Swaziland for the execution of their HIV/AIDS programs, achieving admirable results...

The Importance of Rapid HIV testing in Africa's Resource-Constrained Settings

"This backgrounder explores the current state of research on rapid HIV testing from an African perspective. The pros and cons of different tests are presented and the discrepancy between lab results and applications in the field are shown. It offe...

Preventing Preventable Cervical Cancer in Kenya

"Cervical cancer is a prevalent yet preventable cause of death among Kenyan women. Lack of viable vaccination, screening and treatment options, combined with a high incidence of risk are the main causal factors. Subsidized vaccination programs an...

Reducing HIV Infection Rates among Young Kenyan Women

"In Kenya, HIV rates are much higher for women than for men. This gender differential is particularly pronounced for young women aged 15 to 24 years, who are four times more likely to contract HIV than young men in the same age group. Kenya’s pol...

The Impact of the HIV Pandemic on Maternal and Child Mortality in Malawi

"Over the last decade, HIV/AIDS has exacted a heavy toll, with significant impacts on maternal mortality in Malawi — a small land-locked country in southern Africa. Malawi has experienced a nearly ten-fold increase in HIV incidence among pregnant ...

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