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The International Criminal Court: Challenges of Victim Assistance, Participations and Reparations

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was designed to be more victim focused than previous tribunals, promoting elements of restorative and retributive justice. Victims have the right to be heard as legal participants at the ICC, and can receive …

The Kayelekera Uranium Mine and Economic Development in Malawi

"Malawi’s role as a labour supplying country to South African mines was halted by the HIV scare in 1987 and as a result, the Government of Malawi has ventured into its own mineral exploration, including the Kayelekera uranium project. Thus far, rev…

From Principle to Practice: Improving Water Management in Nairobi

"This backgrounder details the performance of NCWSC in fulfilling its mandate as per the 2002 Water Act (and subsequent 2010 Constitution of Kenya), and highlights its achievements against the myriad of political, financial, technical and environme…

Women and Urban Food Insecurity in Southern Africa

"In Southern Africa, poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition are usually viewed as rural problems, with little focus on cities. The locus of poverty, however, is gradually shifting from rural to urban areas and is manifested in growing food insecu…

Malaria Risk Factors Facing Uganda's Batwa Population

Malaria remains a major public health risk in Uganda, and is especially concerning with increased transmission rates linked to climate change. Indigenous communities like the Batwa in Kanungu district in southwestern Uganda are highly vulnerable to …

African Enfranchisement in Global Climate Change Negotiations

"African states are likely to be severely affected by climate change and have a major stake in the development of a fair, effective and accountable system of climate governance. Historically, delegations from Africa have faced challenges to partici…

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"National governments should develop strong rural drinking water quality monitoring and surveillance programs to ensure that uncontaminated water is available in rural Sub-Saharan African communities. Governments and non-governmental organizations (…

Uganda's National Urban Policy: The Emerging Response to Poverty, Food Security, and Gender in Urban Uganda

"Urban food security and gender are critical factors needing full integration in the National Urban Policy (NUP) if it is to address the needs of the poorest residents of Uganda’s cities. Without attention to the inequalities of power and the subseq…

Global Problems, African Solutions: African Climate Scientists' Perspectives on Climate Change

"This paper offers a preliminary survey of Africa’s climate scientists’ views on the critical problem of climate change, which has been described as an “out of Africa” problem crying out for “made in Africa” solutions. Based on interviews with these…

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"While the need to provide clean drinking water is widely recognized as a priority in rural Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a lack of specific data on water quality to build effective drinking water management policies. This discussion paper describes …

After the Exodus: The Challenges of Return Migration in Zimbabwe

"Since the early 1990s, political and economic unrest in Zimbabwe have caused large numbers of Zimbabweans to emigrate in search of foreign employment. Zimbabweans living abroad remain reliable remitters of both money and goods during their home nat…

Addressing Urban Food Insecurity in Windhoek, Namibia

"Namibia is a country that is urbanizing rapidly. As population growth rises, there is urgent need for urban policies that will promote food security. Windhoek requires a food security strategy that pays particular attention to the plight of the urb…

Uganda and the International Criminal Court: Debates and Developments

"Uganda was the first country targeted for intervention by the International Criminal Court (ICC). This intervention prompted three critical discussions about international criminal justice: ‘peace vs. justice,’ ‘selective justice,’ and ‘internat…

Conservation Agriculture: South Africa's New Green Revolution

"As farmers move from conventional to conservation farming, agricultural production becomes more resilient to climate variability, and therefore to at least some aspects of anticipated climate change. The components comprising Conservation Agricul…

What Factors Influence Health Policy Entrepreneurs in West Africa?

"This paper investigates the agenda-setting criteria used by policy entrepreneurs directly involved in the implementation of user-fee abolition or reduction policies for maternal care services in Africa. The study uses an experimental technique, bes…

Improving Participatory Water Governance in Accra, Ghana

"The international community has highlighted the need for participatory environmental governance for more than two decades with efforts such as the Dublin Principles (1992) and the Aarhus Convention on Participatory Management for Environmental Matt…

Life at the Crossroads: How Climate Change Threatens the Existence of the Maasai

"Climate change is exacerbating poverty among the Maasai of Kenya and adversely affecting their livelihoods. Climate change induced droughts and floods have resulted in increased competition for scarce resources, loss of herds and forced migration a…

The Paradox of Plenty: The Political and Developmental Implications of Natural Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa

"The phenomena of the 'paradox of plenty' or the 'resource curse' in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is well-known and documented. Both terms refer to the prevalence of slow growth rates despite large natural resource endowments. This paper will examine th…

Global Warming and Health: The Issue of Malaria in Eastern Africa’s Highlands

"Discussion on various aspects of global warming has been intense but disjointed. This paper synthesizes the discussion that deals with the nature of and relationship between global warming and malaria. It draws on empirical materials in the East A…

The Impact of the HIV Pandemic on Maternal and Child Mortality in Malawi

"Over the last decade, HIV/AIDS has exacted a heavy toll, with significant impacts on maternal mortality in Malawi — a small land-locked country in southern Africa. Malawi has experienced a nearly ten-fold increase in HIV incidence among pregnant wo…

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