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From Principle to Practice: Improving Water Management in Nairobi

"This backgrounder details the performance of NCWSC in fulfilling its mandate as per the 2002 Water Act (and subsequent 2010 Constitution of Kenya), and highlights its achievements against the myriad of political, financial, technical and environ...

Women and Urban Food Insecurity in Southern Africa

"In Southern Africa, poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition are usually viewed as rural problems, with little focus on cities. The locus of poverty, however, is gradually shifting from rural to urban areas and is manifested in growing food inse...

Malaria Risk Factors Facing Uganda's Batwa Population

Malaria remains a major public health risk in Uganda, and is especially concerning with increased transmission rates linked to climate change. Indigenous communities like the Batwa in Kanungu district in southwestern Uganda are highly vulnerable t...

African Enfranchisement in Global Climate Change Negotiations

"African states are likely to be severely affected by climate change and have a major stake in the development of a fair, effective and accountable system of climate governance. Historically, delegations from Africa have faced challenges to parti...

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"National governments should develop strong rural drinking water quality monitoring and surveillance programs to ensure that uncontaminated water is available in rural Sub-Saharan African communities. Governments and non-governmental organizations...

Uganda's National Urban Policy: The Emerging Response to Poverty, Food Security, and Gender in Urban Uganda

"Urban food security and gender are critical factors needing full integration in the National Urban Policy (NUP) if it is to address the needs of the poorest residents of Uganda’s cities. Without attention to the inequalities of power and the subs...

Global Problems, African Solutions: African Climate Scientists' Perspectives on Climate Change

"This paper offers a preliminary survey of Africa’s climate scientists’ views on the critical problem of climate change, which has been described as an “out of Africa” problem crying out for “made in Africa” solutions. Based on interviews with the...

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"While the need to provide clean drinking water is widely recognized as a priority in rural Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a lack of specific data on water quality to build effective drinking water management policies. This discussion paper describe...

Humanitarian Assistance and the Politics of Self-Reliance Uganda's Nakivale Refugee Settlement

"Increasingly, refugees residing in refugee camps are living in protracted situations for which there are no quick remedies. Existing attempts to address protracted situations for refugees engage with the concept and practices of the Self-relian...

Conflict in Africa: Diagnosis and Response

"Responding to violent conflict begins with a diagnosis of what the conflict is about — what are the causes and triggers that transform a disagreement into an armed struggle. Behind the immediate reasons, however, there are often assumptions about...

The Ogaden Region: A Fragile Path To Peace

"The Ogaden region in the Southeast of Ethiopia has been at the centre of an ongoing dispute between the Ethiopian government and rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Since 1984, the ONLF, an ethnic Somali rebel movement, has wag...

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The ...

Solar Power Prospects in North Africa's Sahara Desert

"There is significant potential for generating electricity from solar power in the Sahara desert in North Africa for both domestic use and for export to Europe. The successful implementation of projects to harness solar power could improve standa...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan No. 4

"The referendum vote on self-determination held this month in Southern Sudan marks an important step toward political stability and development in a country historically marred by war and confrontation between the north and the south. The fourth e...

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country to...

Stealth Environmental Influences on Economic Migration in Egypt

"Policy makers and academics often pay little attention to environmental drivers of migration in Egypt. This paper demonstrates that environmental factors are often the hidden cause of the migration of Egyptians from one region to another. The ...

Security Sector Transformation in North Africa and the Middle East

"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From Jun...

Financing National Health Insurance in Ghana

"Like many other countries in Africa, Ghana spent much of the 1980s and 1990s paying off debt and enacting austerity measures designed to shore up its economy. The country’s health sector noticeably suffered under the economic cutbacks, resulti...

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Its Impact in Sub-Saharan Africa and Implications for France's G8 Presidency

"The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and malaria is a public-private partnership established in 2002 to mobilize and disburse resources to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria in mid and low income countries in parts of Africa, the C...

Child Migration in Ghana: Issues, Risks and Opportunities

"On May 13, 2011, media in Ghana reported that 116 children between the ages of four and 17 were rescued from communities along Lake Volta—which links the country’s northern savannah with the coast—after they had been trafficked from the country’...

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