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Debt Sustainability in African HIPCs: Deteriorating Prospects

The HIPC, established by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank in 1996, provided multilateral debt relief to several poor, developing countries, mainly in Africa, with unsustainable external debt burdens. The HIPC comprised a two-st...

Sudan's Aspirational Army: A History of the Joint Integrated Units

"One of the consequences of Southern Sudan’s vote for secession in January 2011 is the disbanding of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs), a joint force formed as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which ended the civil war between the n...

Adding 3Ns to the 3Ds - Lessons from the 1996 Zaire Mission for Humanitarian Interventions

This paper examines the 3D (defence, diplomacy, and development) framework for humanitarian interventions in weak states and/or conflict situations. It accepts that there are some considerable strengths built into this strategic concept for it pri...

Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges

"The hardest hit region has benefited least from the international climate change regime because previous and current global climate change agreements have had little relevance to Africa. The next climate change negotiations will take place in Co...

Nigeria and Nuclear Energy: Plans and Prospects

"Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa and a major oil exporter, suffers from chronic energy shortages. Years of under-investment, lack of maintenance and perpetual resource supply problems have elevated the situation to crisis levels. Nati...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi

"The first issue of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi addressed ongoing reforms within the police and the judiciary, two crucial sectors in the Burundian security sector that figure prominently in both the Arusha Peace and Reconciliati...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan

"In 2009 alone, more than 2,500 people were killed and 350,000 displaced due to fighting in Southern Sudan, a toll higher than the much more publicized conflict in Darfur. The second edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan ou...

Africa's Climate Change Reality: The African Initiative Congress on Climate Change

"The African continent is expected to bear a much heavier burden than the industrialized world as its people strive to cope with climate change and its far-reaching impacts on food security, health, energy, migration and conflict. Africa’s vulnera...

The Environment and Corporate Governance in Zimbabwe

"Formerly one of Africa’s most promising economies, Zimbabwe has begun a process of economic reconstruction after decades of political turmoil and economic mismanagement. The advent of a national unity government in February 2009 launched a new bu...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi

"Few internal or external oversight mechanisms exist in Burundi’s security sector. In focusing on transparency and accountability, this Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi highlights the internal oversight mechanisms of the national police and...

Reaching Out to BRICSAM: Economic Diplomacy and the Heiligendamm Process

In 2007, the G8 invited the emerging BRICSAM powers to Heiligendamm, Germany, for an officials-level, two-year outreach dialogue on substantive issues, including: innovation, investment, development assistance and energy policy. On March 5-7, 2008...

From Civil Strife to Peacebuilding: The Private Sector's Role in West African Reconstruction

A conference on the post-conflict situation in the West African "fragile states" of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire, organized by the Centre for International Governance Innovation, the Laurier Centre for Strategic Military and Disarmament...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Mugabe's Policies and Failures

Exemplifying the negative consequences of a variety of inappropriate fiscal and social policies, Zimbabwe has failed to realize its potential to become a strong, independent state, going from the admiration and envy of its neighbours to near-compl...

The BRICSAM Countries and Changing World Economic Power: Scenarios to 2050

Rapid economic growth in the large developing countries collectively known as BRICSAM (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and Mexico) has the potential to change the balance of economic power in the world. This paper analyzes this potentia...

The Implications of China's Ascendancy for Africa

China's spectacular economic progress has led some security analysts and policy makers in the North and the South to question Beijing's intentions in other parts of the world. This paper examines the extent to which China's engagement with Africa ...

China's Growing Economic Presence in Africa

African economic interdependence with China, though proportionately smaller than is the case with most other geographical areas, is growing apace. China now accounts for around nine percent of Africa's oil and gas exports, and comparable amounts o...

Picking Up the Pieces of Zimbabwe's Economy

Zimbabwe's prolonged crisis illustrates the consequences of short-sighted and inappropriate economic policies, as it continues to fail to realize its potential to become a strong, independent state. Triggered in part by the Mugabe government's dec...

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two...

A World Agreement on Oil?

This paper addresses ways to cope with potential instability in the world oil market, with a view to whether action by the L20 can do anything about it. It is often said that the major geographical source of oil, the "Middle East," is a highly tur...

Graduate Student Conference on International Development Conference Report

Sponsored in part by the World Bank outreach programme, the two day conference gave graduate students a chance to put their theoretical knowledge to the test. The questions posed to the panelists included ?What is International Development??, ?Who...

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