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Life at the Crossroads: How Climate Change Threatens the Existence of the Maasai

"Climate change is exacerbating poverty among the Maasai of Kenya and adversely affecting their livelihoods. Climate change induced droughts and floods have resulted in increased competition for scarce resources, loss of herds and forced migration a…

The Paradox of Plenty: The Political and Developmental Implications of Natural Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa

"The phenomena of the 'paradox of plenty' or the 'resource curse' in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is well-known and documented. Both terms refer to the prevalence of slow growth rates despite large natural resource endowments. This paper will examine th…

Global Warming and Health: The Issue of Malaria in Eastern Africa’s Highlands

"Discussion on various aspects of global warming has been intense but disjointed. This paper synthesizes the discussion that deals with the nature of and relationship between global warming and malaria. It draws on empirical materials in the East A…

The Impact of the HIV Pandemic on Maternal and Child Mortality in Malawi

"Over the last decade, HIV/AIDS has exacted a heavy toll, with significant impacts on maternal mortality in Malawi — a small land-locked country in southern Africa. Malawi has experienced a nearly ten-fold increase in HIV incidence among pregnant wo…

A Review of Policies to Combat Deforestation in Madagascar

"In Madagascar, an island nation off the coast of Africa, deforestation has become an issue of concern to policy makers and civil society. Today, less than 10 percent of Madagascar’s original forest cover exists. Unsustainable agricultural and agrof…

Tackling Antimalarial Drug Resistance in Kenya

"Malaria, a leading cause of death in Kenya, constitutes nearly half of all outpatient hospital visits and kills more children than any other disease in the East African country. Efforts to roll back the impact of malaria are being stymied by a grow…

Tuberculosis and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

"The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa represents a unique policy challenge primarily because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Current TB management needs strengthening to deal with drug-resistant TB while, at the same time, new…

Provocative Discourse and Violence in Nigeria's 2011 Elections

"Regional, religious, and ethnic cleavages marked the April 2011 elections in Nigeria resulting in violence, destruction of property, and displacement of people. Inflammatory rhetoric among politicians and the media served to inflame passions and fu…

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts in …

Regional Integration in the ECOWAS Region: Challenges and Opportunities

"The originating concept of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which is to facilitate free movement of persons and goods within the West African sub-region, has remained largely elusive over time. Prioritization of national int…

The Fate of Settler Farmers in Contemporary Ghana

"Land shortages, declining soil fertility, and environmental degradation are exacerbating the ability of settler farmers in Ghana to create sustainable livelihoods. Institutional weaknesses in the land tenure and governance systems have contributed …

Illegal Migration and Policy Challenges in Nigeria

"Lack of job opportunities, poverty, and corruption force thousands of young Nigerians to leave the country every year in search of better opportunities abroad. Illegal migration out of Nigeria is increasing and is largely facilitated through forge…

Gender Dimensions of Drought and Pastoral Mobility Among the Maasai

"Maasai pastoralists are increasingly faced with annual droughts that cause significant livestock deaths and periods of food insecurity. A new form of rangeland management that emphasizes pastoral migrations and extensive herding to mitigate the imp…

Al Shabab's Impact on Peace in Somalia and the Horn of Africa

"The growth of Al Shabab in Somalia and the group’s embrace of Sharia law undermine the traditional conflict solving mechanisms of Somali society. Achieving progress toward peace in the region will likely require stemming the tide of Al Shabab’s re…

Conflict in Ugadan's Land Tenure

"Uganda’s dualist land tenure system is a root cause of conflict over land use and ownership. The current land tenure laws facilitate land alienation, threaten livelihoods and contribute to food insecurity.Given the nature of land disputes in Uganda…

Hits and Misses in Mozambiques's Climate Change Action Plans

"The creation of Mozambique’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) embraced a bottom-up process lauded for its inclusiveness. For most Africa countries, the NAPA process has resulted in contextually relevant plans that are plagued by slow…

The Impact of HIV on the Sexual Health of Kenya's Young Generation

"Kenyans aged 15-24 have been identified as particularly vulnerable to HIV, sexually transmitted infections and related health issues. Over the past two decades, Kenya’s Ministry of Health has recognized that reproductive health among youth requires…

Research or Treatment: Priorities in South Africa's HIV/AIDS Funding

"Worldwide, South Africa is the only country that makes a significant contribution to AIDS-related research while also having a high HIV prevalence rate. Following the discovery of anti-retroviral drugs, HIV/AIDS-related research is stabilizing in d…

The High Costs and Consequences of Rwanda's Shift in Language Policy Reform from French to English

"Language policy in Rwanda has revolved around three languages— Kinyarwanda, the indigenous language of Rwandans, French and English: 90 percent of the population speaks Kinyarwanda; 8 percent speaks French; and, 4 percent speaks English. In the aft…

Social determinants of health for Uganda's indigenous Batwa population

"Uganda’s Indigenous Batwa people are among the most vulnerable populations in the world and have limited access to key social determinants of health, including health care, education, clean water, employment and adequate clothing, food, and securi…

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