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Ending war in Africa: The power of dialogue

"Africa has much to boast about these days. Crude clichés of a continent blighted by disease, poverty and bloodshed are steadily giving way to a far more promising narrative. In the face of a global economic slump, for instance, Africa keeps compa...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Beyond the numbers: Women’s Participation in the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation

"Since the end of the Cold War, much international attention has focused on identifying which factors within a mediation process contribute to sustainable peace. Research by academics and practitioners alike has identified several important areas...

Mediation efforts in Somalia

"This paper reviews and assesses the past eighteen years of external mediation efforts aimed at ending Somalia’s protracted civil war and reviving a central government. It identifies lessons learned, summarizes ongoing debates about the most appr...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

Under the Acacia: Mediation and the dilemma of inclusion

"Fostering peace through mediation involves a number of complex and important challenges. A key aspect of any mediation process is the inclusion of primary and secondary actors. This paper examines indigenous approaches to mediation and assesses h...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advo...

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that c...

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth an...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how ju...

Mediation efforts in Africa’s Great Lakes Region

"This paper reviews the mediation experiences by presenting a chronology that starts from Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi's intervention in Uganda's civil war in 1985 and ends with Botswana's former President Ketumile Masire's mediation of the co...

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-C...

The Negotiation of Security Issues in the Burundi Peace Talks

"Negotiating Disarmament explores issues surrounding the planning, timing and techniques of a range of security issues: violence reduction, weapons control, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration activities and justice and security sector...

The Negotiation of Security Issues in Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"This report focuses on how the Comprehensive Peace Agreement which ended the second Sudanese civil war in January 2005, deals with issues of guns and violence. It outlines how the parties' lack of trust led to a deliberate avoidance of commitment...

Mediating Election-Related Conflicts

"Beyond major conflicts in Africa over the territorial integrity of states such as Sudan and Somalia, many recent conflicts on the continent are ignited by grievances over bad governance and exclusionary political practices. In many cases, flawed ...

African Mediators’ Retreat 2009

"This publication is a meeting report on the African Mediators' Retreat 2009, which took place on 24-27 March in Zanzibar. The retreat was co-hosted by the HD Centre and the Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation."

The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However,...

Oslo Forum 2017: Peacemaking in a New Era of Geopolitics

The fifteenth Oslo Forum convened one hundred of the world’s leading peacemakers, conflict actors, decision-makers and academics, bringing together people with forty-two different nationalities. The Forum’s overarching theme was Peacemaking in a ...

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