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Côte D’Ivoire’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

This report argues that fake news in Cote d'Ivoire is a predominantly political phenomenon and that it poses a considerable threat to political stability. Falsehoods in Cote d'Ivoire spread most rapidly on social media platforms such as Facebook and…

Democracy and Development: Journal of West African Affairs, Volume 5 No 3: #EndSARS and Beyond - Protests, Politics, and the Public Sphere

The four papers in this issue address the themes of youth participation in the protests, the use, power, and increasing importance of social media, and the ticklish question of the utility of violence. The first article by Akinyetun Tope Shola “Soc…

Mali's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

This study aims to better understand key facets of the ecosystem of fake news in Mali. It argues that the deteriorated political context in the country has facilitated the proliferation of fake news. The Malian fake news ecosystem is also thriving i…

Siera Leone's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

In January 2020 internet penetration in Sierra Leone was 25% and there were an estimated 700,000 active social media users, with Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp the most used applications. These new media platforms act as both sources and enablers of…

Cabo Verde's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

his study, which draws on 16 key informant interviews with academics, journalists, lawyers and social media users and an extensive review of relevant reports, documents and social media posts, provides one of the first comprehensive overviews of the…

L'écosystème des Fausses Informations au Sénégal: Une Vue D’ensemble / Senegal’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

As is the case in several countries, false information is gaining ground in the public space in Senegal. The phenomenon itself is not new, but it is now accentuated and popularised with the advent of social networks and other digital platforms. The …

Guinea Bissau's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Misinformation involves the spread of falsehoods without a deliberate attempt to mislead whilst disinformation is manipulated narrative or facts— propaganda deliberately intended to mislead. Both occur in Guinea-Bissau, with the recent Covid-19 pand…

Nigeria's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Fake news is not a new phenomenon in Nigeria. Historically, peddlers of disinformation were popularly referred to as “radio without battery”, with fake news a weapon in Nigeria’s civil war (1967- 1970). Today in Nigeria’s southeast, fake news peddle…

Ghana's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

This report explores Ghana’s fake news ecosystem examining key actors in the online and offline space and the origins of their authority; key online information platforms and the interaction between offline media and non-media structures that shape …

Niger's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Niger’s first private media entities emerged in the 1990s following the fall of the single party and military era. However, the birth of private media did not lead to a free and independent media. A bipolar media system quickly took shape, with publ…

L’écosystème des Fausses Informations au Togo: Une vue D’ensemble / Togo’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Fake news is a phenomenon that does not spare Togo, like other countries in the world. It is therefore important to try to understand the mechanisms that govern their rapid dissemination in order to find ways of mitigation. The information ecosystem…

L’écosystème des Fausses Informations au Burkina Faso: Une Vue D’ensemble / Burkina Faso’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

As is the case in other countries, false information is now an integral part of the information flow ecosystem in Burkina Faso. This false information rubs shoulders with true information in a context marked by the development of digital social netw…

L’écosystème des Fausses Informations au Benin: Une Vue D’ensemble / Benin’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

The spread of false news or infox, known as ''fake news'' in the Anglo-Saxon world, has taken on a worrying and devastating scale in Benin over the last decade. The surge in the circulation of fake news has coincided with the increase in internet pe…

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