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Southern Africa: Building an Effective Security and Governance Architecture for the 21st Century

Southern African countries have made great strides in achieving security and more democratic modes of governance. The democratic and security systems in many countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, however, face seve...

Children and Armed Conflicts in Africa

Available figures put the number of child soldiers involved in armed conflicts in Africa at around 100,000. Some are as young as nine. This report examines the role of various African Union (AU) organs in monitoring children’s rights in conflict ...

Peace versus Justice? Truth and Reconciliation Commissions and War Crime Tribunals in Africa

Whether moving from armed conflict; the end of authoritarian rule; or systematic state repression, there is often a demand in Africa’s post-conflict societies for justice that is often counter-balanced by the need for reconciliation. A key focus ...

Africa's Evolving Human Rights Architecture

The African continent has yet to witness a paradigm shift towards privileging the human rights of its 800 million citizens. Africa’s human rights regime is still relatively weak, despite the growing body of declarations, conventions and protocol...

Women in Post-Conflict Societies in Africa

The objective of the seminar was to discuss and identify concrete avenues for engendering reconstruction and peace processes in African societies emerging from conflict through a thorough and effective use of the Protocol to the African Charter on...

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

The seminar thus set out to focus on reviewing the progress and impact of the resolution from an African perspective. The meeting addressed the complex task of articulating women’s issues in the challenging context of peace and security on the con...

HIV/Aids and Militaries in Southern Africa

The seminar followed an earlier meeting organised by the CCR and UNAM on the theme, “Strengthening Namibia’s Chair of the SADC Organ: HIV/AIDS and Southern Africa’s Security Architecture”, in Windhoek, Namibia, in November 2005. This meeting exam...

Eurafrique? Africa and Europe in a New Century

The aim of the seminar was to examine the relationship between Africa and Europe in the 21st Century, and to investigate whether this relationship is one of habit or is of real strategic importance to both parties. The meeting explored three key i...

Preventing Genocide and the Responsibility to Protect: Challenges for the UN, Africa and the International Community

The agenda was organised around six case studies of genocide and/or mass atrocities that have occurred over the past two decades in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Sudan’s Darfur region, reflectin...

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon? China and Africa: Engaging the World's Next Superpower

The Cape Town seminar brought together 35 scholars and policymakers – largely from Africa, but also from Asia, Europe, Canada and the United States (US) – to examine a multiplicity of important issues in the growing relationship between Africa and...

Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding in Southern Africa: Civil Society, Governments, and Traditional Leaders

The meeting documented in this report provided a platform for participants from Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe to share experiences and insights on sustained intervention initiatives implemented by the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape T...

South Sudan Within A New Sudan

The objective of this meeting was to assess the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005. This agreement was signed by the Government of Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation A...

The AU/NEPAD and Africa's Evolving Governance and Security Architecture

There is no question that the establishment of the African Union and the adoption of the NEPAD are good auguries for Africa’s quest for political stability, regional integration and economic development. There is also no question that African lead...

South Africa in Africa: The Post Apartheid Decade

The Stellenbosch seminar placed special emphasis on the interface between South Africa’s domestic political, economic and social contexts, and its foreign policy, especially its geo-strategic location in Africa. South Africa’s political transition...

State Reconstruction in Zimbabwe

The meeting explored some of the most important challenges currently facing state reconstruction efforts in Zimbabwe, and considered strategies to accelerate the process. It also developed concrete recommendations to complement initiatives led by ...

Post Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

This seminar report with the theme “Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)”, was held in response to a request from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat in Botswana and assessed the c...

Security and Development in Southern Africa

The primary goal of the Johannesburg seminar was to bring together a group of experts – policymakers, academics and civil society actors – to identify ways of strengthening SADC’s capacity to develop security and development initiatives for southe...

The Tensions between Cultural and Constitutional Values: Chapter Nine Institutions and Gender Equality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, and the Johannesburg-based Foundation for Human Rights (FHR) hosted two public dialogues in Cape Town, on 12 August 2015 on “The Role of Tradition and Culture: What Has South Africa Achieved in...

West Africa's Evolving Security Architecture: Looking back to the future

The seminar’s focus was on the evolution of ECOWAS’ security architecture, as outlined in the 1999 ECOWAS Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (commonly referred to as “the Mechanism”) and the ECOWAS...

Building an African Union for the 21st Century: Relations with Regional Economic Communities (RECs), NEPAD and Civil society

There is a need to examine the significance and progress of the African Union (AU), which was officially launched in Durban, South Africa, in July 2002. The AU and its programme for economic recovery - the New Partnership for Africa’s Development ...

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