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One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is ma...

Old Problems, New Solutions: Harnessing Technology and Innovation in the Fight against Global Poverty

"This document comprises several policy briefs 1)The Innovation Revolution and its Implications for Development – the authors explore how technology-driven innovations in finance, management and accountability can catalyze scaled up development in...

Are The Millennium Development Goals Unfair To Africa?

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) call for cutting extreme poverty in half, reducing child mortality by two-thirds, halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and achieving universal primary education by 2015. The UN MDG Report 2007 says...

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar ...

How To Rank Good Governance: The Mo Ibrahim Prize For Achievement In African Leadership

Recognizing that improving governance takes political leadership, Mo Ibrahim, the founder of Celtel, created the Prize for Achievement in African Leadership to be awarded to a former African head of state or government who has demonstrated excelle...

The State Of Nigeria's Economic Reforms

In 2003, following years of economic stagnation, Nigeria embarked on a comprehensive reform agenda to improve the macroeconomic environment, pursue structural reforms, strengthen public expenditure management, and conduct institutional and governa...

Foresight Africa: The Continent’s Greatest Challenges and Opportunities for 2011

"Before the recent global economic crisis, African countries experienced one of the longest periods of economic expansion. Although Africa weathered the crisis much better than many other regions, its economies remain fragile and daunted by the...

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights ...

African Governance Institutions: Accountability Mechanisms Or Enablers Of Corruption?

Over the past 15 years, policy-makers have increasingly focused on the importance of effective institutions and governance as critical determinants for stable economic growth and poverty reduction. This focus on institutions has been especially ma...

AFRICOM: The Road Ahead For United States Africa Command

On May 27, Brookings’s 21st Century Defense Initiative hosted Vice Admiral Robert T. Moeller, deputy to the commander for military operations, United States Africa Command (AFRICOM), for a discussion on the aims, status and future mission for AFRI...

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Africa: Claims vs. Reality

Brookings Institution Article by Susan E. Rice, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies wherein she evaluates the calims vs. the realities of U.S> foreign assistance to Africa and concludes that U.S. aid to Africa from FY 2000 to FY 2004, the period...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Africa's Economic Morass--Will a Common Currency Help?

Africa, like other regions of the world, is fixing its sights on creating a common currency. Already, there are projects for regional monetary unions, and the bidding process for an eventual African central bank is about to begin. Is it worth the ...

Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS- Why the United States Should Act Quickly

More people have died from HIV/AIDS over the last twenty years than from any other disease in human history. The devastation caused by the epidemic poses a clear and direct challenge to long-term U.S. economic and security interests. AIDS is devas...

Corporate Social Responsibility: The New Social Contract

In April 2001, "Big Pharma" threw in the towel. Four years earlier, some 40 international drug companies had filed suit to block implementation of a law in South Africa that would allow the government to manufacture or import affordable generic ve...

Engaging Problem Countries

U.S. policymakers have normally turned to military force, political and economic sanctions, and covert action in trying to dissuade so-called "rogue states" - notably Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea - from behavior that the United States ...

Making the Millennium Challenge Account Work for Africa

President Bush has been rightly lauded for his visionary initiative to establish a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that would increase U.S. resources directed toward the most promising development investments. The administration's proposal to u...

Event Summary- The Crisis in Sudan

Former Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke, Senator Jon S. Corzine (D-NJ), and Francis Deng of the Brookings-SAIS Project on Internal Displacement today described their recent visits to Darfur and detailed what is needed to end the ethnic conflict tha...

Time for a big push on infrastructure in Africa: What the G-20 can do

"The Seoul G-20 Multi-Year Action Plan on Development identified gaps in infrastructure as a key bottleneck to growth in developing countries. It committed the G-20 countries to overcoming obstacles to infrastructure investment, developing projec...

What does “Agriculture” mean today? Assessing old Questions with new Evidence.

Defining the possibilities and limits for the diffusion of relevant technologies, is one of the essential reasons why agriculture’s diversity is so important to understand. Some crops, like wheat, grow only in temperate areas, therefore relevant a...

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