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Do Citizens Reward Good Service? Voter Responses to Basic Service Provision in Southern Africa

"Theories of democratic governance posit that citizens should reward politicians for good service and punish them for bad. But does electoral accountability work as theorized, especially in developing country contexts? Studying southern African de...

International Youth Day: Despite Interest, African Youth not Connecting with Political Processes

"A majority of African youth are interested in public affairs and discuss politics with those around them, but relatively low levels of civic engagement and political participation suggest a disconnect between the continent’s “youth bulge” and dem...

Les Malgaches deviennent plus critiques vis-à-vis du fonctionnement de leur démocratie / Malagasy grow increasingly critical of how their democracy is working

In Madagascar most citizens support democracy but are dissatisfied with its implementation. A large majority of Madagascans reject undemocratic regimes as an ideal form of government. Most of the Malagasy population prefer free and fair elections ...

Support for Democracy in South Africa Declines amid Rising Discontent with Implementation

"In April 2015, South Africa marked the 21st anniversary of its inaugural elections under full universal suffrage, the country’s formal transition from apartheid to electoral democracy. South Africa’s political system is well-regarded by internati...

MDC-T Defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to Intimidation?

"In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also...

Citizen Engagement in Zimbabwe at Lowest Level in a Decade

"Seven of 10 Zimbabweans consider it the duty of every citizen not only to vote in elections but also to participate in national and community affairs between elections, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows. Yet most Zimbabweans never engage wit...

Citizens and the State in Africa: New Results from Afrobarometer Round 3

"This compendium reports on the findings from new questions and topic areas explored in Round 3 of the Afrobarometer, involving public attitude surveys conducted in 18 countries from 2005-2006. The bulk of these new questions build upon the theme ...

South Africa's Opposition Narrows Trust Gap but Still Faces Mixed Perceptions of Vision and Role

"The African National Congress (ANC) has dominated post-apartheid South Africa’s political landscape. Following the 2014 national and provincial elections, the party holds 62% of National Assembly seats and governs eight of the country’s nine prov...

As South Africa's Local Elections Approach Public Confidence Underpins System in Turmoil

"South Africa’s fourth democratic local government elections, in August 2016, will be a test for the long-ruling but troubled African National Congress (ANC), for opposition parties hoping to claim some major cities, for an Independent Electoral C...

Does Less Engaged Mean Less Empowered? Political Participation Lags Among African Youth, Especially Women

"Engagement in the political process, an important avenue for citizen empowerment in democracies worldwide, is a critical component of the AU’s policy framework for youth empowerment in Africa. However, this analysis shows that African youth are g...

Who's Watching? Voters Seen as Key in Holding Elected Officials Accountable

In addition to the growing number of African states that conduct regular elections and embed democratic principles in their constitutions, evidence comes from survey-based research that most Africans support democratic values and reward governme...

Do Electoral Systems Affect How Citizens Hold their Government Accountable? Evidence from Africa

This paper asks whether a country’s choice of electoral system affects the methods citizens use to try to hold their government accountable. A large body of literature suggests that electoral system type has an impact on voting behaviour, but li...

Public Attitudes toward Zimbabwe's 2018 Elections: Downbeat yet Hopeful?

Zimbabweans will go to the polls in presidential, parliamentary, and local government elections on July 30, 2018. These elections are the first test of the popular will since the dramatic military intervention of November 2017 that forced an end...

Support for Democracy Dwindles in Tunisia amid Negative Perceptions of Economic Conditions

In 2010 and 2011, Tunisians launched a wave of protests that led to the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, ending 23 years of iron-fisted rule marked by the repression of public and individual freedoms. Since then, the country has a...

Slowly Growing or Stunted? How Delivery of Electoral, Political and Economic Goods Impacts Support for Democracy in Uganda

Ugandans continue to prefer democracy over any other form of government, but they are also increasingly dissatisfied with the way their democracy is working. While preference for democracy has been increasing, the increase is characterized by no...

Zimbabweans Demand Accountability in Governance, Doubt Efficacy of Elections

"Demand for accountability in governance is solid among Zimbabweans, even if ensuring accountability requires slower government processes. Citizens clearly assign Parliament responsibility for making laws and for holding the president accountable ...

Election Quality, Public Trust are Central Issues for Africa's Upcoming Contests

"With at least 25 African countries conducting national elections in 2016-2017, great attention is focused on electoral management bodies – typically national electoral commissions – as crucial players in electoral processes and in shaping public ...

Do Africans Still want Democracy?

More than half of all Africans today live in functioning multi-party electoral democracies that are demonstrably freer than the military or one-party regimes that previously dominated the continent. At the same time, the post-1990 gains that Afric...

Still no Alternative? Popular views of the Opposition in Southern Africa's One-party Dominant Regimes

Following decades of authoritarian rule, multiparty democracy re-emerged in a “wave” of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa during the early 1990s. Twenty-nine countries in the region held founding elections – first competitive elections after a...

A No -Confidence Vote? Mozambicans still Vote, but Faith in Democracy is Slipping / Um voto de desconfiança? Os Moçambicanos ainda votam, mas a fé na democracia está a diminuir

Since independence in 1975, Mozambique’s history has been marked by deep economic crises, political instability, and widespread human-rights violations. In 1990, after 16 years of civil war between the governing Frente de Libertação de Moçambique ...

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