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Machobane Farming System and its Relevance to Climate Change Policy in Lesotho

"Lesotho is heavily influenced by a variety of competing weather systems because of its high elevation that range from 1,388 to 3,482m above sea level.These climatic conditions make Lesotho to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The co...

Policy Challenges of Climate Change and Adaptation in Northern Nigeria

Northern Nigeria is prone to climate change because of its proximity to the desert and increasing industrial and agricultural activities. The agricultural sector and economy are threatened if the loss of vegetative ecosystems continue. There is an...

Enhancing Agricultural Yields by Small-holder Farmers through Integrated Climate Change Adaptation in Sierra Leone

"The present trend of climate change impact is especially affecting poorer communities, particularly small-holder farmers, in developing countries. While small holder farmers play an important role in spurring economic growth of a country, they la...

Rationale and Capacity of Pastoral Community Innovative Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

"This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional States to assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change impact. Focus group discussion (FDG), individual interviews and key informant interv...

Vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate variability and change of the Bos-taurus dairy genotypes under diverse production environments in Kenya

"The study assessed the vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate variability and change (CVC) of the Bos-taurus dairy genotypes (DBG) under three diverse production environments (PEDs). Dairy farming is a key component of livestock indus...

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"Primary data were collected from purposively selected elders' pastoralists in Ethiopia, whose livelihoods depend predominantly on livestock and their products. Most of the treatments in the study areas are plant based. 78.2% of the healers depen...

Assessment of the Impacts and Adaptive Capacity of the Machobane Farming System to Climate Change in Lesotho

Agriculture is the major source of income for the rural population in Lesotho. The arable land is about 9% of the total land area and the current crop yields are about half the level achieved in the late 1970s. The rural economy had been languishi...

Farmer's Perceptions of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies in Northern Nigeria: An Empirical Assessment

"This research paper looked at farmer's perception of causes, constraints and strategies towards effective climate change adaptation in northern Nigeria. Data were collected from 500 respondents using both qualitative and quantitative approaches...

Agricultural Innovations and Adaptations to Climate Change Effects and Food Security in Central Africa: Case of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and Central African Republic

"Central Africa like most of Africa is among the areas that are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The people of Central Africa can however not relocate because of the perils of climate change, so they have to confront it by evolvin...

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia: Empirical Evidence

In many African countries, food security at both the national and household level is a dismal. Africa has the highest prevalence of under nourishment. In West African sub-region, Liberia and Sierra Leone are among those with the highest rate of u...

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Africa: The Cases of Ghana and The Gambia

"The main objective of the study is to support the ATPS Agricultural Innovations Programme on Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Africa by achieving the following specific objectives: Identify and document...

Emerging and Indigenous Technology for Climate Change Adaptation in Southwest Nigeria

"This study is premised on the high incidence of severe weather and the rate of climate change, its consequences and challenges among small-scale farmers. Primary data obtained from 362 farmers, 125 extension officers and 14 researchers from the t...

The Biotechnology Revolution and its Implications for Food Security in Africa

"Agricultural biotechnology presents many opportunities and challenges to Africa. Biotechnology promises to help meet food security needs, reverse declining per capita food production and improve the incomes and lives of farmers in Africa. However...

Markets, Institutions, and Agricultural Performance in Africa

"The purpose of this paper was to discuss markets and institutions and their impact on agricultural performance in Africa. The paper has shown that poverty is a serious problem in Africa that is leading to food insecurity and poor nutrition. At th...

Survey of Indigenous Water Management and Coping Mechanisms in Africa: Implications for Knowledge and Technology Policy

"Despite the impressive water resource endowments, Africa lags behind other continents in per caput access to safe water, volume of irrigation water, and food security and tops the league of poor countries. Some of the answers to this lamentable ...

Harnessing Wind Energy for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Coastal Regions of Ghana: A Policy Perspective

"Agriculture is the mainstay of the economies of many rural coastal communities in Ghana. Due to changing climatic conditions, the economy of these communities is experiencing low productivities that in turn lower their living standards. Poor and ...

Study of Technological and Farming Systems Adaptation to Climate Change in Farming Communities of Enugu State, nigeria

"Climate change has a cumulative effect on natural resources including agricultural resources and the balance of nature. Its effects are already visible in Enugu state and Nigeria in general. In Nigeria and Enugu state in particular, varieties o...

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"Both long and short term changes in climate, disproportionately affect regions in both the semi-arid and arid parts of the globe and the more humid tropics. As smallholder farmers have been staying in these areas and that the climate variability...

Assessment of Constraints in Technology Transfer System and Policies which Limit the Realisation of High Green Leaf Production in the Smallholder Tea Sector of the Kenya Tea Industry: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Supply of Tea Part II

Tea productivity in the smallholder sub sector has been relatively lower than in the estates sub sector over the years and the yields are still well below potential. This study investigated the efficiency of adoption of tea production technologies...

An Assessment of the Effects of Technology Transfer on Gender Roles within a Community: The Development of Tea and Coffee Production among Smallholder Farmers in Kiambu District, Central Province Kenya

"The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of the adoption of an entire package of technology on gender roles within the farming communities, with the intent of determining any imbalances that need to be addressed. In this case, th...

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