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Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptations and Food Security in Ghana and the Gambia: Policy Options

"It is recognised that climate change will impact Africa negatively and therefore will have dire consequences for food security. However agricultural innovations can be used to forestall this or minimise the impacts. Innovation is an interactive ...

Farmers' Perception of Climate Change Governance and Adaptation: Constraints in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

"This study appraises the perception and understanding of Niger Delta farmers of role of national governments in climate change governance in Nigeria. It also examines grassroots communities' perception of constraints to adaptation to changing cl...

Indigenous Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Study of Southeast Nigeria

"Climate change has direct impact on agricultural production, because of the climate-dependent nature of agricultural systems. This impact is particularly significant in developing countries where agriculture constitute employment and income sour...

Harnessing Wind Energy for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Coastal Regions of Ghana: A Policy Perspective

"Agriculture is the mainstay of the economies of many rural coastal communities in Ghana. Due to changing climatic conditions, the economy of these communities is experiencing low productivities that in turn lower their living standards. Poor and ...

Study of Technological and Farming Systems Adaptation to Climate Change in Farming Communities of Enugu State, nigeria

"Climate change has a cumulative effect on natural resources including agricultural resources and the balance of nature. Its effects are already visible in Enugu state and Nigeria in general. In Nigeria and Enugu state in particular, varieties o...

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"Both long and short term changes in climate, disproportionately affect regions in both the semi-arid and arid parts of the globe and the more humid tropics. As smallholder farmers have been staying in these areas and that the climate variability...

Assessment of Constraints in Technology Transfer System and Policies which Limit the Realisation of High Green Leaf Production in the Smallholder Tea Sector of the Kenya Tea Industry: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Supply of Tea Part II

Tea productivity in the smallholder sub sector has been relatively lower than in the estates sub sector over the years and the yields are still well below potential. This study investigated the efficiency of adoption of tea production technologies...

Gender Variable in Agricultural Technology: A Case Of Rural Farmers in Machakos District - Eastern Kenya

Gender differentiated technology is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, most technologies are developed and tailored according to the stereotyped roles of men and women in society. In Africa, technological development has been modelled on western pre-se...

Analysis of Indigenous Knowledge in Swaziland: Implications for Sustainable Agricultural Development

"The search for sustainable solutions to the development and technology problems that continue to confront developing countries has led to renewed interest in the potential contribution of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) to research and development act...

Enhancing Agricultural Yields by Small-holder Farmers through Integrated Climate Change Adaptation in Sierra Leone

Response to climate change impacts in Sierra Leone is too low, despite the emerging evidence in recent years. Climatic variables such as rainfall and temperature which have shown normal routine of occurrence now give a different picture. There has...

Indigenous Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Study of Imo and Enugu States in Southeast Nigeria

Climate change has direct impact on agricultural production, because of the climate-dependent nature of agricultural systems. This impact is particularly significant in developing countries where agriculture constitute employment and income source...

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"Both long and short term changes in climate disproportionately affect regions in both the semi-arid and arid parts of the globe and the more humid tropics. Within these areas, effects of climate change vary across regions, farming and food syste...

An Assessment of the Effects of Technology Transfer on Gender Roles within a Community: The Development of Tea and Coffee Production among Smallholder Farmers in Kiambu District, Central Province Kenya

"The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of the adoption of an entire package of technology on gender roles within the farming communities, with the intent of determining any imbalances that need to be addressed. In this case, th...

Why Informal Seed Sector is Important in Food Security

The international and regional treaties have provided opportunities for the protection of plant varieties, however national governments have not yet seized those opportunities. Only Ethiopia has policies in place to support plant breeders rights a...

Tanzania Cluster Initiative Project: An Evaluation Report from the Eight Cluster Initiatives

"The report has categorized cluster initiatives into three major categories: the organic, engineered and re-engineered cluster initiatives. Generally we can say that during the 18 months of implementation clusters have shown positive development, ...

Why Africa has Fallen Short of Building Dynamic Agro-processing Capabilities: Constraints, Options and Prospects

"In the context of agriculture-led development strategies for African countries, vibrant food and allied manufacturing industries to conserve and convert enhanced agricultural output into maximized value-added products for global markets occupy a...

The Biotechnology Revolution and its Implications for Food Security in Africa

"Agricultural biotechnology presents many opportunities and challenges to Africa. Biotechnology promises to help meet food security needs, reverse declining per capita food production and improve the incomes and lives of farmers in Africa. However...

Markets, Institutions, and Agricultural Performance in Africa

"The purpose of this paper was to discuss markets and institutions and their impact on agricultural performance in Africa. The paper has shown that poverty is a serious problem in Africa that is leading to food insecurity and poor nutrition. At th...

Survey of Indigenous Water Management and Coping Mechanisms in Africa: Implications for Knowledge and Technology Policy

"Despite the impressive water resource endowments, Africa lags behind other continents in per caput access to safe water, volume of irrigation water, and food security and tops the league of poor countries. Some of the answers to this lamentable ...

Rationale and Capacity of Pastoral Community Innovative Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

"This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional States to assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change impact. Focus group discussion (FDG), individual interviews and key informant interv...

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