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Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"This research was initiated to exploit traditional knowledge on traditional herbal medicine with special reference to livestock. Healing with Ethiopian traditional medicine is not only concerned with curing of diseases but also with the protecti...

Frameworks for Intellectual Property Protection of Traditional Knowledge in Tanzania

This study revealed that protection mechanisms among the community is mainly secrecy, which cannot be recommended as a means of protecting the TK. Leakage of the secrets could lead to no protection. As TK is not documented, there is a danger of lo...

Towards Influencing National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes for Appropriate Protection and Benefit-Sharing of Traditional Knowledge (TK) with Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date however, there are no established laws, policies or programmes ...

Traditional Healers and Their Provision of Mental Health Services in Cosmopolitan Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

One of the major challenges for the Government is the provision of health services for its people, which is a basic need. However, Kenya just like other developing economies is generally constrained by lack of sufficient resources to sustain this ...

Policy Implications for Intellectual Property Systems for Traditional Healers in Lesotho

Traditional Medicine is part of the daily life of the Basotho. Every village in ancient times had a traditional healer living near the chief's main house. Traditional healers are popular as they are affordable, accessible, adaptable and culturally...

Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

Dry spells or drought and floods as a result of climate change is a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi because agriculture is their main livelihood. Food shortages and low income levels mean inability of farmers to participate in da...

Machobane Farming System and its Relevance to Climate Change Policy in Lesotho

"Lesotho is heavily influenced by a variety of competing weather systems because of its high elevation that range from 1,388 to 3,482m above sea level.These climatic conditions make Lesotho to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The co...

Policy Challenges of Climate Change and Adaptation in Northern Nigeria

Northern Nigeria is prone to climate change because of its proximity to the desert and increasing industrial and agricultural activities. The agricultural sector and economy are threatened if the loss of vegetative ecosystems continue. There is an...

Enhancing Agricultural Yields by Small-holder Farmers through Integrated Climate Change Adaptation in Sierra Leone

"The present trend of climate change impact is especially affecting poorer communities, particularly small-holder farmers, in developing countries. While small holder farmers play an important role in spurring economic growth of a country, they la...

Rationale and Capacity of Pastoral Community Innovative Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

"This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional States to assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change impact. Focus group discussion (FDG), individual interviews and key informant interv...

Contribution of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Climate Change Awareness in Seke and Murewa Districts of Zimbabwe

"This study seeks to explore the role of ICTs in climate change awareness in rural areas. It is based on a cross sectional study that was conducted in Seke and Murewa districts in Mashonaland East province of Zimbabwe. The findings indicate that t...

Vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate variability and change of the Bos-taurus dairy genotypes under diverse production environments in Kenya

"The study assessed the vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate variability and change (CVC) of the Bos-taurus dairy genotypes (DBG) under three diverse production environments (PEDs). Dairy farming is a key component of livestock indus...

Indigenous Rain Water Harvesting Practices for Climate Adaptation in Food Security in Dry Areas: The Case of Bahi District

This study documents techniques used by communities to improve indigenous rain water harvesting in the villages of Mpalanga and Chipanga A. Through questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews, data on community’s willingness to accept a...

National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes to Ensure Appropriate Protection and Benefit-sharing of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Knowledge with and by Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date, however, there is a limited number of established laws, polici...

Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge, Access Benefit Sharing Policy Environment in Eight Countries in Eastern and Southern Africa: Swaziland, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia

There is need for the African states to develop appropriate policies and legal frameworks to enable the local communities to benefit through Access and Benefit Sharing of their resources nurtured for a long time. The purpose of the study was to bu...

Analysis of Traditional Healers in Lesotho: Implications on Intellectual Property Systems

Traditional healers in Lesotho and other African countries have since pre-historic times played a major role in primary health care, counseling and rituals performed for different purposes in the society. Traditional healers in the past had thei...

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"Primary data were collected from purposively selected elders' pastoralists in Ethiopia, whose livelihoods depend predominantly on livestock and their products. Most of the treatments in the study areas are plant based. 78.2% of the healers depen...

National Policies and Legal Frameworks Governing Traditional Knowledge and Effective Intellectual Property Systems in Southern and Eastern Africa: The Case of Traditional Healers in Tanzania

"The study has explored the existing policy and legal frameworks and the community protection mechanisms of traditional knowledge in Tanzania. The major objective of the study was to build a body of knowledge in the area of protection of tradit...

Assessment of the Impacts and Adaptive Capacity of the Machobane Farming System to Climate Change in Lesotho

Agriculture is the major source of income for the rural population in Lesotho. The arable land is about 9% of the total land area and the current crop yields are about half the level achieved in the late 1970s. The rural economy had been languishi...

Farmer's Perceptions of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies in Northern Nigeria: An Empirical Assessment

"This research paper looked at farmer's perception of causes, constraints and strategies towards effective climate change adaptation in northern Nigeria. Data were collected from 500 respondents using both qualitative and quantitative approaches...

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