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Climate Change Awareness and Adaptation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

"Climate change is a major issue around which global development policy is being framed over the past few years. Because of low adaptive capacities and the projected impacts of climate change, a consensus has emerged that developing countries are...

Technological Challenges of Climate Change Adaptation in Nigeria: Insights from Enugu State

"Climate change impacts depend on a range of the climate parameters' changes and on the country's social, cultural, geographical and economic backgrounds. The location and size of, and the characteristics relief in Nigeria especially Enugu state g...

Emerging Technologies for Building Resilience to Climate Change Effect: A Case Study in Dangbe East District of the Republic of Ghana

"The conversion of the kinetic energy in wind into electrical energy offers unique solution to the overall energy supply where resource exists as well as partial solution to the world’s over dependence on exhaustible primary energy sources such a...

Enhancing Agricultural Yields by Small-holder Farmers through Integrated Climate Change Adaptation in Sierra Leone

Response to climate change impacts in Sierra Leone is too low, despite the emerging evidence in recent years. Climatic variables such as rainfall and temperature which have shown normal routine of occurrence now give a different picture. There has...

Indigenous Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Study of Imo and Enugu States in Southeast Nigeria

Climate change has direct impact on agricultural production, because of the climate-dependent nature of agricultural systems. This impact is particularly significant in developing countries where agriculture constitute employment and income source...

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"Both long and short term changes in climate disproportionately affect regions in both the semi-arid and arid parts of the globe and the more humid tropics. Within these areas, effects of climate change vary across regions, farming and food syste...

Assessment of Rural Water Supply Management in Selected Rural Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria

"Human welfare and economic development generally depend on the use of water. In Nigeria, water resources management and utilization is crucial to the country’s efforts to reduce poverty, grow the economy, ensure food security and maintain the ec...

Water Pollution by Industries in Lesotho

"Industrialization in Lesotho has increased exports from the country and has generated considerable employment for the Basotho people. The government and the private sector have set up several wet industries (using more than 2000 cu m of water pe...

Social Innovation: An Untapped Resource for Inclusive Growth in Africa

"Our planet earth is facing a convergence of crisis: climate change induced extreme events, global financial crisis, deepening poverty and unemployment, energy and food insecurity, social inequities and political instability, and fast depleting na...

Ecological Sanitation as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The Case of Slum Communities in Kampala

"This study explores Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan) as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology (WECT) for slum communities in Kampala, Uganda. Information presented in this paper results from a research carried out in five slums of Kampa...

Small Scale Rainwater Harvesting for Combating Water Deprivation at Orphan Care Centres in Peri-Urban Areas of Lilongwe, Malawi

In urban areas of Malawi, like elsewhere in Africa, uncoordinated rapid urbanization has resulted in profuse informal settlements. These are marginal areas of urban development that are often not provided with adequate water and sanitation ameniti...

Assessment of Community Water and Sanitation in Ghana

The appreciation of the value of water for the sustenance of life began decades ago, even though in recent years that appreciation has shown a marked increase. However, the diversity of conceptualizations of water is at the heart of the debate on ...

An Assessment of the Effects of Technology Transfer on Gender Roles within a Community: The Development of Tea and Coffee Production among Smallholder Farmers in Kiambu District, Central Province Kenya

"The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of the adoption of an entire package of technology on gender roles within the farming communities, with the intent of determining any imbalances that need to be addressed. In this case, th...

Socio-Economic and Environmental Consequences of Agricultural Technology: A Comparative Study of Small Scale Surface Irrigation Technology in Nigeria and Swaziland

"This study compares the socio-economic and environmental consequences of small scale surface irrigation (SSSI) technology in Nigeria and Swaziland. Its major thrust is to identify and compare the economic and environmental externalities of the te...

Assessment on the Adaptive Capacity of the Machobane Farming System to Climate Change in Lesotho

"Lesotho is a landlocked country within South Africa with a population of less than 2 million and is highly vulnerable to climatic changes. Agriculture remains a major source of income for more than 80% of rural population in Lesotho. Despite its ...

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Africa: The Cases of Ghana and the Gambia

The main goal of the study was to identify and document indigenous innovations and good practices by climate change vulnerable communities for improved food security in Ghana and The Gambia; to provide information on agricultural practices and act...

Estimating Land Prices and Opportunity Costs of Conservation in a Megadiversity Country

We used data on 174 land purchases to estimate two aspects of opportunity costs across Western Cape Province, South Africa; (i) that of complete loss (acquisition cost), and (ii) and partial loss of benefits of land ownership, the latter due to bi...

Using the Land Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS) Mobile Technology for Agricultural Productivity and Resilience

"Africa’s continued agricultural growth over the last couple of years has come from land expansion rather than increased productivity. However, available agricultural lands are rapidly diminishing due to urbanization, while soil fertility conti...

Mainstreaming Gender in the National Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy of Kenya

This policy brief aims to influence mainstreaming of gender in the national STI policy of Kenya. Reports show that Kenya is still far from realizing gender equity and equality in practice. This policy brief proposes a specific policy statement on ...

Policy Axes that can Uphold Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptations & Food Security in Central Africa: Case of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and Central Republic of Africa

"This paper sought to find policies that can promote agricultural innovations for climate change adaptation and food security in Central Africa. Given the characteristics of climate change and policy gaps as shown above, it is imperative to pursue...

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