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The Impact of Economic Performance on Health in Zimbabwe

"The nexus between economic growth and health outcomes has been extensively studied. However the relationship between the two is not clear. Historically, decline in both infant and child mortality rates, and the fall in both male and female adult m…

The Relationship between Health and Economic Growth in Nigeria

"There seems to be a broad consensus that economic growth can definitely lead to improvement in health. For example, economic growth could lead to increased availability of food; increased earnings which makes health spending more affordable; and a…

Impact of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Child Health Outcomes in Kenya

"It is widely acknowledged that a healthy nation is a wealthy nation. However, like most developing countries, Kenya records unfavourable population health indicators. An extensive body of knowledge suggests inter-generational health effects where a…

Mother's Spending Decisions, Ethnicity and Child Malnutrition in Ghana

"I argue in this policy brief that the relationship between ethnicity and the mother’s role in child nutrition is either direct or indirect, depending on the nature of cultural practices. Thus, in a setting with cultural practices such as food taboo…

Ill-health and Labour Market Outcomes in Uganda

"The role health plays in reducing poverty and economic development particularly in developing countries is undisputable in the economic literature. Health of the population is a key factor for labor productivity, poverty reduction and overall econo…

Explaining the Health Status of Children in Sierra Leone: Parental Socioeconomic Status and Demand for Health Inputs

"In most developing countries, maternal and child health issues have received considerable attention in public health policies and pose formidable challenges. Several studies provide evidence of a strong relationship between socioeconomic factors s…

Determinants of Child and Maternal Health Status and Demand for Health Care Services in Nigeria

" Key findings for this policy brief is:Improving mother’s educational status, reducing food prices and residing in the urban sector are important factors for improving demand for health input such as immunization. Demand for place of delivery with …

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Health Insurance on the Demand for Prenatal and Postnatal Health Care in Ghana

"Ghana is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, which aim to reduce child and maternal deaths by 2015. This commitment is manifested in the way prenatal and postnatal health care services are being made accessible to wo…

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care may …

Evaluating the Impact of Health Programmes

"This paper has two broad objectives. The first objective is broadly methodological and deals with some of the more pertinent estimation issues one should be aware of when studying the impact of health status on economic outcomes. We discuss some al…

Health Seeking Behaviour in the Reform Process for Rural Households: The Case of Mwea Division, Kirinyaga District, Kenya

"Cost sharing resulted in a drop in the use of public health facilities in Kenya. But, these facilities continued to take a high priority among the other alternatives when sickness befell. Shifts across the facilities indicated a search for health s…

Household and Provider Behaviour in the Health Sector in Africa: What has been Learned from Program Evaluations?

"This paper reports on what has been learned about these issues in the African context through (primarily) evaluations of health interventions. The focus, as in many surveys of research, is broadly speaking on ‘what works’ (or does not work). Howeve…

Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do n…

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of t…

Services Delivery Reforms in Africa: A Review of Initiatives and Outcomes

"This paper has addressed the questions of public service delivery in Africa by focusing on the education, health, water and sanitation sectors. It has reviewed some of the reforms implemented in Africa to enhance service delivery. It has also discu…

Service Delivery Indicators: Pilot in Education and Health Care in Africa

"The Service Delivery Indicators ("the Indicators") provide a set of metrics for benchmarking service delivery performance in education and health in Africa to track progress across and within countries over time. The Indicators seek to enhance ac…

Analysis of the Technical Efficiency of Public Hospitals in Togo: A Non-Parametric Approach

Most health facilities in Togo are poorly equipped. Consequently, the rate of post-natal consultation remains low and varies between 9.5% and 39.4%. Barely half of all deliveries (47.1%) take place in health facilities. In this study, we analysed te…

Effect of Nutrition Knowledge and Women's Empowerment on Nutrition Outcomes of Children in Rural Ethiopia

Child malnutrition in its various forms remains widespread in Ethiopia, and children often consume poor diets characterized by low diversity. Efforts seeking to improve child nutrition have placed a strong emphasis on women’s role. Women’s nutriti…

Crop Production Diversity and Women Dietary Diversity in Rural Kenya

Despite the commitments and efforts to fight all forms of malnutrition, malnutrition among women in Kenya persists. Using the Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey data this paper examined, the extent to which crop diversification and diet diver…

Household Economic Well-being and Child Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Report

Health is both a direct component of human well-being and a form of human capital that increases an individual’s capabilities and opportunities to generate income, and reduces vulnerability. It is argued that these two views are complementary and bo…

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