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The Impact of Government Policy on Macroeconomic Variables: A Case Study of Private Investment in Tanzania

"The major hypothesis of the paper is that private sector investment is necessary if economic growth is to be accelerated. However, in order to stimulate such investments appropriate monetory, fiscal and exchange rate policies have to be formulated…

The Nigerian Banking System in the Context of Policies of Financial Regulation and Deregulation

"This study aims at using simple descriptive indices to assess the impact of policies of financial regulation and deregulation on the financial system over time,and in particular on savings mobilization. In the second section of this paper we discus…

The Second Economy and Tax Yield in Malawi

"This study has two main objectives. The first is to estimate the size of the underground or second economy in Malawi for the years 1965 to 1990. No attempt has previously been made to do this for the country’s entire second economy, hence there is …

Trade, Payments Liberalization and Economic Performance in Ghana

"Trade and payments liberalization will have implications for employment, economic growth, balance of payments, government budgets and inflation. Experience varies across the continent depending upon the initial conditions before liberalization, str…

What Drives Private Saving in Nigeria

"This study discusses the trend in Nigerian saving behaviour and reviews policy options to increase domestic saving. It also examines the determinants of private saving in Nigeria during the 1970-2007 period. It makes an important contribution to l…

Influence of the Fiscal System on Income Distribution in Regions and Small Areas: Microsimulated CGE Model for Côte d'Ivoire

"The objective of this paper is to examine how a small open economy such as Côte d’Ivoire (CI) can obtain growth-based internal tax resources, and how the tax system affects households and individuals through relative prices. A microsimulated CGE mo…

An Analysis of the Implementation and Stability of Nigerian Agricultural Policies, 1970–1993

"The study has four primary objectives. The profile of agricultural policies over the 1970–1993 period is the first. The profile includes agricultural policies in the development plans and annual and ad hoc budgets; it also covers fiscal and monetar…

An Empirical Analysis of Interest Rate Spread in Kenya

"The study aimed to explain the factors determining interest rate spread for Kenya’s banking sector. For the pre-liberalization period, the minimum and maximum ceilings on deposit and lending rates set a maximum interest rate spread. Variations in…

An Empirical Evaluation of Trade Potential in the Economic Community of West African States

"Specifically, it is the aim of this study to: Determine the period within which integration effects were first felt or noticed. Estimate trade potentials among ECOWAS member nations. Test for the gaps between potential and actual trade among member…

Cameroon's Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth

"Cameroon has experienced periods of economic growth and decline. During the growth period public expenditures increased the size of the public sector. The decline period, which started in 1986, has been characterized by government expenditures that…

Capital Flight and External Debt in Nigeria

"This study concentrates on capital flight and external debt in Nigeria. The study will focus on the definition, magnitude, determinants, mechanisms and consequences of capital flight. The analysis will also explore the possible measureable assets…

Consequences and Limitations of Recent Fiscal Policy in Cote d'Ivoire

"Our concern in this research is precisely to discuss the effectiveness of the measures adopted for fiscal adjustment in Côte d'Ivoire regarding its fiscal profile over the past two decades and the determinants of its fiscal deficit. We intend to i…

Constraints to the Development and Diversification of Non Traditional Exports in Uganda, 1981-90

"The foreign exchange cash-flow of Uganda has reached a crisis. Expenditure requiring foreign exchange is on the increase as the economy grows, while foreign exchange receipts have dwindled over the past four years from about US$400 million to a cas…

Determinants of Imports in Nigeria: A Dynamic Specification

"This study examines the determinants of aggregate imports and its components in Nigeria between 1953 and 1989. The estimated equations rest on the stock adjustment import exchange model that has its roots in the balance of payments theory and in t…

Economic Policies in G-20 and African Countries during the Global Financial Crisis Who’s the Apprentice, Who’s the Master?

"This paper finds that G-20 countries have responded through fast and large bailouts, historically large fiscal stimuli and accommodative monetary policies. It seems that African countries could learn from this, and in part they should indeed do so …

Effect of Import Liberalization on Tariff Revenue in Ghana

"In contributing to the ongoing debate on the impact of trade liberalization, this paper investigates the quantitative effect of import liberalization on tariff revenue in Ghana. A decomposition analysis was conducted to determine the relative effec…

Effects of Budget Deficits on the Current Account Balance in Nigeria: A Simulation Exercise

"This paper examines the effect of budget deficit on the current account balance in Nigeria, covering the period from 1973 to 1993. This is motivated by the fact that the magnitude of government has increased with amazing rapidity since the early 19…

Effects of Inflation on Ivorian Fiscal Variables: An Econometric Investigation

"The purpose of this paper has been to develop, estimate and simulate a macro-econometric model for Cote d'Ivoire. The parameter estimates have been used to analyse the effects of alternative GDP policy measures on the country's economy.The key poli…

Effects of Macroeconomic Policies (Fiscal, Trade, Exchange Rate, Structural Adjustment etc) on Health and Health Inequality

"The main objective of this paper is to present the literature review on the effects of macroeconomic policies on health and health inequality. The literature on this subject addresses the relevant issues in terms of macroeconomic policies developed…

Exchange Rate Depreciation, Budget Deficit and Inflation - the Nigerian Experience

"This study examined the quantitative effects of exchange rate depreciation on inflation, government revenues and expenditures, and money supply in Nigeria. Our objective was achieved through the use of a macroeconometric model that captures the k…

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