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The Impact of Economic Performance on Health in Zimbabwe

"The nexus between economic growth and health outcomes has been extensively studied. However the relationship between the two is not clear. Historically, decline in both infant and child mortality rates, and the fall in both male and female adult m…

The Relationship between Health and Economic Growth in Nigeria

"There seems to be a broad consensus that economic growth can definitely lead to improvement in health. For example, economic growth could lead to increased availability of food; increased earnings which makes health spending more affordable; and a…

Impact of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Child Health Outcomes in Kenya

"It is widely acknowledged that a healthy nation is a wealthy nation. However, like most developing countries, Kenya records unfavourable population health indicators. An extensive body of knowledge suggests inter-generational health effects where a…

Spatial Inequality in Cameroon During the 1996-2007 Period

"The overall objective of this paper is to analyze the major features of growth in the Cameroonian economy, and to investigate trends in the evolution of spatial poverty and income inequality in Cameroon during the period 1996-2007, using data from …

Why Northern Ghana Lags Behind in Ghana's Growth and Poverty Reduction Success

"Ghana’s post adjustment growth and poverty reduction performance has been hailed as impressive, albeit with spatial disparities in the distribution of welfare, especially between the north and south of the country. Researchers generally agree that…

Inequality, Poverty, Growth and Institutions: Understanding the Linkages in Kenya

"This Brief analyzes the linkage between inequality, poverty and economic growth in addition to assessing the extent to which growth in Kenya has been pro-poor. It also explores the link between institutions, poverty and inequality. The macroecono…

Pro-poor Growth and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

"The government of Nigeria has placed poverty reduction at the centre of the country’s economic policy and development programs since independence. Though this was not explicitly targeted in earlier development plans (1962 to 1975) of the country, i…

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declining…

Impact of ICT Investment, Ownership and Use in the Cassava Value Chain in South Western Nigeria

"Most of Africa’s peoples live in rural areas where agriculture is the main economic activity. In Nigeria, for instance, agriculture is the occupation of more than 60 per cent of the total work force, providing both formal and informal employment fo…

Challenges Associated with the Development of Oil and Gas Sector in Uganda

"The production of oil poses a number of challenges, including the impact of the potential scale of revenues on consumption patterns, inflation and demand for certain goods and services, and the impact of price and production volume volatility on pu…

Climate Change

"The POLICY FORUM in this edition illuminates one of the most pressing issues of the day – Climate Change – and specifically its impact on sub-Saharan Africa. Climate change, sometimes referred to as global warming, in the context of environmental…

The Distribution of Expenditure Tax Burden before and after Tax Reform: The Case of Cameroon

"This paper concentrates on indirect tax incidence as these taxes constitute an important component of the overall government revenue in Cameroon. In most developing countries where the formal tax base is not well established, taxation of goods and …

Trade, Industry and Technology Development in Sub Saharan Africa: Policies, Response and Effects

"This paper focuses on the inter-relationships among trade, industrialization and technological development in the context of the overall process of economic development in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries. The paper pays particular attention to p…

Agriculture, Growth and Rural Poverty Reduction in Africa: Fallacies, Contexts and Priorities for Research

"This paper is concerned with the links between agriculture, growth and rural poverty reduction in Africa. The perceived wisdom is that agriculture is key for growth for Africa, and that agricultural growth is key for rural poverty reduction. We cri…

Impact of China-Africa Trade Relations:An In-Depth Case Study of Mauritius

"This Report aimed to provide an in-depth analysis of China-Mauritius trade relations and their impacts on the Mauritian economy as well as China's effects on various economic variables. Ultimately the study seek to identify the nature and extent of…

Influence of the Fiscal System on Income Distribution in Regions and Small Areas: Microsimulated CGE Model for Côte d'Ivoire

"The objective of this paper is to examine how a small open economy such as Côte d’Ivoire (CI) can obtain growth-based internal tax resources, and how the tax system affects households and individuals through relative prices. A microsimulated CGE mo…

The Impact of China’s Trade Relations in Africa: The Case of the Republic of Congo

"Trade between Congo and China has registered a considerable increase over the last few years. China, within a period of five years has become Congo’s premier partner in oil and timber exports. Congolese trade with this country has been a key facto…

An Assessment of the Impact of China’s Investments in Sudan

"The study examines the impact of China’s investments in Sudan in terms of its positive and likely negative effects; data drawn from secondary and primary sources is used for the purpose. Tabular analysis and graphs are used to review the scale of o…

Releasing Export Constraints: The Role of Governments

"This paper discusses the economic rationale for government interventions to support export development and, in the light of this rationale,examines the interventions needed to address the key factors responsible for restraining export supply respon…

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences o…

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