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The Impact of Economic Performance on Health in Zimbabwe

"The nexus between economic growth and health outcomes has been extensively studied. However the relationship between the two is not clear. Historically, decline in both infant and child mortality rates, and the fall in both male and female adult...

The Relationship between Health and Economic Growth in Nigeria

"There seems to be a broad consensus that economic growth can definitely lead to improvement in health. For example, economic growth could lead to increased availability of food; increased earnings which makes health spending more affordable; and...

Impact of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Child Health Outcomes in Kenya

"It is widely acknowledged that a healthy nation is a wealthy nation. However, like most developing countries, Kenya records unfavourable population health indicators. An extensive body of knowledge suggests inter-generational health effects where...

Mother's Spending Decisions, Ethnicity and Child Malnutrition in Ghana

"I argue in this policy brief that the relationship between ethnicity and the mother’s role in child nutrition is either direct or indirect, depending on the nature of cultural practices. Thus, in a setting with cultural practices such as food tab...

Spatial Inequality in Cameroon During the 1996-2007 Period

"The overall objective of this paper is to analyze the major features of growth in the Cameroonian economy, and to investigate trends in the evolution of spatial poverty and income inequality in Cameroon during the period 1996-2007, using data fro...

Why Northern Ghana Lags Behind in Ghana's Growth and Poverty Reduction Success

"Ghana’s post adjustment growth and poverty reduction performance has been hailed as impressive, albeit with spatial disparities in the distribution of welfare, especially between the north and south of the country. Researchers generally agree th...

Ill-health and Labour Market Outcomes in Uganda

"The role health plays in reducing poverty and economic development particularly in developing countries is undisputable in the economic literature. Health of the population is a key factor for labor productivity, poverty reduction and overall eco...

Inequality, Poverty, Growth and Institutions: Understanding the Linkages in Kenya

"This Brief analyzes the linkage between inequality, poverty and economic growth in addition to assessing the extent to which growth in Kenya has been pro-poor. It also explores the link between institutions, poverty and inequality. The macroeco...

Explaining the Health Status of Children in Sierra Leone: Parental Socioeconomic Status and Demand for Health Inputs

"In most developing countries, maternal and child health issues have received considerable attention in public health policies and pose formidable challenges. Several studies provide evidence of a strong relationship between socioeconomic factors...

Determinants of Child and Maternal Health Status and Demand for Health Care Services in Nigeria

" Key findings for this policy brief is:Improving mother’s educational status, reducing food prices and residing in the urban sector are important factors for improving demand for health input such as immunization. Demand for place of delivery wit...

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Health Insurance on the Demand for Prenatal and Postnatal Health Care in Ghana

"Ghana is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, which aim to reduce child and maternal deaths by 2015. This commitment is manifested in the way prenatal and postnatal health care services are being made accessible to ...

Pro-poor Growth and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

"The government of Nigeria has placed poverty reduction at the centre of the country’s economic policy and development programs since independence. Though this was not explicitly targeted in earlier development plans (1962 to 1975) of the country,...

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declini...

Impact of Cellular Phones on Technical and Allocative Efficiencies of Commercial Taxi and Fishing Boat Firms in Ghana

"It is important for the policy makers to know the productivity of a factor of production, know the levels of technical and allocative efficiencies, and their significant determinants so that the policy makers can know on which factor or determina...

Impact of ICT Investment, Ownership and Use in the Cassava Value Chain in South Western Nigeria

"Most of Africa’s peoples live in rural areas where agriculture is the main economic activity. In Nigeria, for instance, agriculture is the occupation of more than 60 per cent of the total work force, providing both formal and informal employment ...

Challenges Associated with the Development of Oil and Gas Sector in Uganda

"The production of oil poses a number of challenges, including the impact of the potential scale of revenues on consumption patterns, inflation and demand for certain goods and services, and the impact of price and production volume volatility on ...

Climate Change

"The POLICY FORUM in this edition illuminates one of the most pressing issues of the day – Climate Change – and specifically its impact on sub-Saharan Africa. Climate change, sometimes referred to as global warming, in the context of environment...

Natural Resource Management in Sub Saharan Africa: Consequences and Policy Options for Africa

"The complexity of harnessing natural resources aside, it has to be done for the benefit of countries in Africa and their citizens. It is this realisation of the central importance that can be played by harnessing natural resources for growth tha...

The state of rural poverty, income distribution and rural development in SSA

"In the first section of this paper a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is derived on the basis of a new and highly disaggregated data set based on a large number of recent country household surveys. The profile that results from...

A Macroeconomic Demographic Model for Ethiopia: Specification, Estimation and Simulation

"The preceding simulation and estimation process showed that one can get some insight into economic demographic interactions, and that the use of demographic variables as policy instruments could yield a higher per capita income in general and per...

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