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Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict: Towards Strengthened Partnerships with African Member States

"Countries emerging from conflict are typically confronted with a wide range of urgent demands to build and sustain peace. They need institutions that are sustainable, as well as responsive and accountable to their citizens. Yet, these countries a...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2012

‘Election Related Violence: Beyond Electoral Systems and Normative’ maintains that lasting solutions to election related violence should not only be sought in the technical deficiencies of the electoral process. Rather, broader structural problems...

The African Union Panel of the Wise: Strengthening Relations with Similar Regional Mechanisms

"This report captures the essence of presentations and discussions, as well as recommendations that emerged from the inaugural High Level Retreat of the AU PW. The first part assesses the state of peace and security in Africa, while part two p...

Navigating Post-Peace Agreement Plebiscites: Zimbabwe and Kenya’s 2013 Elections

"This Policy & Practice Brief is informed by the persistent problem of contested electoral processes and results in a number of African countries. These are often accompanied by violence, with devastating effects not only on human security, but al...

The Troubled Road to Peace: Reflections on the Complexities of Resolving the Political Impasse in Madagascar

"Madagascar was thrown into political crisis in 2009 by an unconstitutional change in leadership which replaced Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina as head of state. Over the past four years this crisis deteriorated into a firmly-embedded polit...

Peace Processes in Côte D’Ivoire: Democracy and Challenges of Consolidating Peace After the Post-Electoral Crisis

“The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 ...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 2, 2013

The first article “Conflict and conflict resolution in Africa: Engaging the colonial factor” seeks to understand the ineffectiveness of efforts at conflict management in overcoming the disasters that brought the conflicts to the African continent....

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 7, no. 2, 2007

"This issue is the second special edition. What readers will find in this issue, are frank descriptions and discussions of the divisiveness and belligerency that may be caused or propagated by any obsession with identity. When leaders and follower...

Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and...

Media graduation from potential to actual power in Africa’s conflict resolution: Experience from the East and Horn of Africa

"The media has for a long time been recognised as a catalyst in the many intra- and inter-state conflicts that have afflicted the African continent. This paper analyses the pre-testing results of a regional media conflict transformation project th...

Security sector reform in Africa: The promise and the practice of a new donor approach

"When the concept of security sector reform (SSR) was introduced some 10 years ago, it aimed to offer an innovative approach to the reform of security governance. Within the SSR paradigm, such reform was seen as an essential precondition of sustai...

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidat...

Peace agreements and durable peace in Africa

"The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) held a workshop in Durban, South Africa on 14 and 15 September 2009. The theme of the workshop was ‘Peace Agreements and Durable Peace in Africa’. The aim of the workshop wa...

Natural resources, the environment and conflict

"This report focus on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan. The study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. This report observed ...

The 2009 KwaZulu-Natal election : A drop in levels of intimidation and violence?

"This report seeks to document the outcome of the AfAP Observer Mission, and highlight specific considerations which need to be observed by violence monitors during elections. The key findings, derived from the AfAP election observation document...

Building peace and democracy in Angola : Challenges and opportunities

"The Angola Country Program Lessons Identified Seminar (LIS) took place in Luanda, Angola,on 01 and 02 October 2008. The overall goal of the seminar was to create a forum for sharing of experiences, analysis, and reflections by various stakeholder...

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability ...

Making Deals for Peace: The Peace and Justice Dilemma

"Conflict mediators must constantly balance issues of peace and justice when designing peace agreements. This paper probes how peace and justice, two distinct but interrelated concepts, interact within the African peacebuilding context. Examining ...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of una...

The OAU/AU and an Africa at peace with itself: Time for serious business

'This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) is a postscript to the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the 21st African Union (AU) Summit which took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 19 to 27 May 20...

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