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Improving the Supply Chains for the Health Sector: What Role for Locally Manufactured and Imported Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya

"This Issue Paper presents some findings on research on supply within Kenya from local manufacturers to the health system. It compares the sourcing of local supplies and competing imports within the public, private and faith-based sectors of healt...

Local Supply Chains for Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya: Understanding the Challenges

"The project aimed to identify opportunities for improved local industrial supply of medical products to strengthen Kenyan and Tanzanian health system performance. This working paper briefly outlines project methods and key concepts. It then summa...

Value-added Tax in the Pharmaceutical Industry: What does it really mean for Kenya's Industralisation/

"A key issue for many countries is how to manage trade taxation policy in such a way that necessary public revenue can be acquired but not at the cost of long term industrialisation. An important area here is that of VAT and how best to levy it wi...

Spotlight on Pharmaceutical Pricing Regulation in Kenya: How Much does it Really Contribute to Access?

"Ensuring access to essential medicines by low income consumers is a challenge to many countries. Pharmaceutical expenditure is rising in Kenya, as is the health expenditure. However, our research found that on average, public sector facilities in...

Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in Kenya: Key Trends and Developments

"The improvement of health sector performance requires a holistic approach that addresses the wide ranging challenges that many African countries face: lack of adequate and highly skilled medical personnel; limited access to essential medicines ...

The Untapped Potential of Solar Energy in Kenya: Factors Limiting the Integration of Solar PV into the Electricity Grid

Solar energy has been highlighted as a potentially important source of renewable energy for Kenya’s green economy transitions as well as the country’s intended national commitments to the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goal Numbe...

Factors Influencing Sustained Use of Efficient Cook Stoves and Solar Lighting Solutions: A Case Study from Kenya

Efficient cook stoves have been an important policy focus of international development efforts to address negative health and environmental problems associated with traditional cooking practices. However, major emphasis has been on ensuring init...

The African Technopolitan September 2014

In this issue the highlights of ACTS research are shared. The first article "Africa Rising? Not without science, technology and innovation discusses the potential for African growth despite civil wars and epidemics. This can however only be achiev...

Enhancing Industrial Productivity, Health Sector Performance and Policy Synergies for Local Health in Kenya and Tanzania

This presentation at the 12th Globelics International Conference in Addis Ababa held on the 29th - 31st October 2014 discusses the probability of improved health system performance by improving the local medicine and other health requirements whil...

Health Sector Supply Chains in Kenya: Prospects for Improving Performance

This presentation delivered at the policy dialogue workshop on 17 September 2014 discusses the research undertaken on the health sector supply chains in Kenya. The aim of the research was to identify opportunities for improved local supply of ess...

Local Procurement and Supply as Part of People-centred Care: Evidence from Kenya and Tanzania

This presentation at the Health Systems Global Symposium in Cape Town on the 1st-3rd October 2014 looks at local procurement aspects of medicine to improve the performance of the public health sector in Kenya and Tanzania.

Towards a National Biodiversity Conservation Framework Key Findings and Policy Recommendations

"The conservation of biological diversity is emerging as one of the gravest global challenges of the 21st Century. The rapid expansion of human population, coupled with burgeoning development and rising consumption, has caused a biodiversity cr...

Governing Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa Building Public Confidence and Capacity for Policy-making

"Persistent poor agricultural production and rising food insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa have brought into sharp focus the role of modern agricultural biotechnology in human development. Growing food insecurity in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozam...

Could ICT be the Solution to Woo Youth to Agriculture?

"Agriculture still remains the backbone of Kenya’s economy sustaining over 75% of the homesteads in the country. It accounts for 27% of Kenya’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 60% of the total export earnings as well as 45% of government reven...

Bioenergy Policy Review in Tanzania

"Biofuel is a fast growing sector in Tanzania. some companies are acquiring big tracts of land, some up to 400 000 hectares for growing biofuel crops. It is believed that the country has a reserve of 88 million hectares for agriculture. The govern...

Paradigms, Processes and Practicalities of Land Reform in Post-conflict Sub-Saharan Africa

"This chapter will examine the paradigms and processes involved in drafting or reforming land policies and laws in two very different African countries: Eritrea and Zimbabwe. Whereas Rwanda, Burundi and some parts of north-eastern DRC have very h...

Livestock Sector Dynamics from Policy Actors' Perspectives

The livestock sector in Kenya employs 90% of the rural population. This sector contributes about 42% of agricultural GDP and earns about 30% of the country foreign exchange through agricultural products. However the poverty-reduction potential has...

Sustainable Biofuels: Crops and Access in Developing Countries

Biofuel production in developing countries can be instrumental in poverty reduction but can also marginalise the rural poor. The rise in biofuel production sparked a debate over the threat that energy security poses to food security. This paper lo...

Policies and Regulations Affecting Biofuel Development in Kenya

The growing increase in international oil prices and the push towards cleaner energy sources has created an urgent need to shift from high cost fossil oil to cost-effective biofuel.Though there are some initiatives being undertaken by the governme...

The Role of Earth and Environmental Sciences in Peace Development in Africa

Africa has a history of ethnic conflict, resource and trans-boundary conflict and human security is threatened by climate change. The focus of this brief is how earth and environmental sciences can influence peace development by looking at 3 theme...

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